A 1998 study published in the American Journal of Health Promotion, found that Flagstaff's smokefree ordinance had no economic effect on the restaurant industry. The study utilized restaurant and retail sales data for periods approximately 3.5 years prior to enactment of a no-smoking-in-restaurants ordinance and 1.5 years after enactment of the ordinance. [Sciacca J, Ratliff M. Prohibiting smoking in restaurants: Effects on restaurant sales. American Journal of Health Promotion 1998;12(3):176-184]
In a June 2003 letter, Tempe, Arizona Mayor Neil Giuliano stated that the city's voter-approved smokefree ordinance "has been a very positive public policy change for our community."