Smokefree Cars

As the public becomes more aware that there is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke, both individuals and legislators are taking action to reduce exposure in vehicles.

Since 2006, several communities, four states, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico have enacted laws to prevent smoking in cars when children are present.

Exposing passengers, both children and adults, to secondhand smoke in the confined space of a car is extremely hazardous. Everyone should be encouraged not to smoke in vehicles.

When someone smokes in the small enclosed space of a car, people are exposed to toxic air that is many times higher than what the EPA considers hazardous air quality, even when a window is down. Additionally, the gaseous and particulate components of tobacco smoke absorb into the upholstery and other surfaces inside a car, and then off-gas back into the air over the course of many days, exposing passengers to toxins long after anyone actually smoked in the car.

Because a law, by itself, is unlikely to eliminate secondhand smoke exposure in cars, we recommend that any smokefree car campaign be accompanied by a strong education effort, stressing the health hazards of smoke-filled vehicles. Campaigns for smokefree car laws can serve as a tool to educate the public about the health hazards of secondhand smoke exposure and improve decision making about smoking in ways that harm other people.

Smokefree Car Laws

U.S. State / Commonwealth
Smokefree Provision
Effective Date
Arkansas

Persons < than age 6 and under 60 pounds in a child safety seat. Effective 07/21/2006
Persons < age 14. Effective 07/27/2011

07/21/2006
07/27/2011
California Persons < age 18 01/01/2008
Louisiana Persons < age 13 08/15/2006
Maine Persons < age 16 09/01/2008
Oregon Persons < age 18. The Legislature enacted SB444, which prohibits smoking in any motor vehicle in which a child under age 18 is a passenger. Enacted 6/11/2013 as Chapter 361 2013 Laws. 01/01/2014
Puerto Rico Persons < age 13 03/02/2007
Utah Persons < age 15 05/14/2013
Vermont Persons aged 8 and under 07/01/2014

 

How Dangerous is Smoking in Cars? from TobaccoFreeCA on Vimeo.

Smokefree News | Related Research

Secondhand smoke affects nonsmokers in vehicles
Zee News - November 16, 2014

Washington: A new study has revealed that secondhand smoke in motor vehicles poses a potential threat especially to nonsmokers sitting along a smoker.

Non-smokers in cars are exposed to significant amounts of second-hand smoke
OnMedica - November 14, 2014

Non-smokers who spend an hour in a car with a smoker have significantly increased levels of carcinogens and other toxins in their urine, research* published in Cancer, Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention has found.

Riding with smokers in cars
KGNS.tv - November 14, 2014

New research suggests just riding in the car with a smoker could pose a significant health risk. For the study, 14 non-smokers sat in the back seat of a parked car while the driver smoked three cigarettes in an hour. Even with the windows slightly open, the non-smokers showed much higher levels of tobacco-related toxins in their urine than before they got in the car.

Exposure to tobacco smoke, roadway air pollution can contribute to ...
News-Medical.net - November 14, 2014

New research from Keck Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) bolsters evidence that exposure to tobacco smoke and near-roadway air ...

Travelling in a smoker's car for just ONE HOUR can damage your health
The Daily Mail and Mail on Sunday November 14, 2014

...for one hour had increased levels of carcinogens and other toxins in their urine / Groundbreaking study highlights grave dangers of secondhand smoke / Toxic chemicals identified are 'most important' among thousands in tobacco that cause smoking-related ...

Julie Ann Hounchell: Smoking, cars and children
vtdigger.org - July 13, 2014

This law bans smoking in vehicles with children required to sit in a car or booster ... No amount of ventilation in the car appears to be helpful as shown in the ...

Smoking Banned in Cars with Little Kids
My Champlain Valley FOX44 & ABC22 - June 16, 2014

WILLISTON, Vt.- A widespread ban which passed the legislature this year will go into affect July 1st. It, in part, prohibits smoking in cars with kids.

Senator cites highlights of the 2014 legislative session
Stowe Today - June 5, 2014

Cell phone ban: Bans the use of cell phones while operating a motor vehicle. ... Smoking: Bans smoking in an automobile when a young child is present.

American Lung Association's Fight for Air Climb at Bennington ...
vtdigger.org - June 4, 2014

Patti Komline of Dorset for her leadership to pass legislation this year to ban smoking in vehicles in the presence of children. When: Saturday, June 7, 2014.

Research shows exposure to smoke in cars may worsen asthma
The Standard Digital News - June 2, 2014

U.S : People with asthma may face increased risk from secondhand smoke ... and suggest drivers and passengers voluntarily ban smoking in their cars.

Madison students craft bill to limit smoking in cars in Connecticut
New Haven Register - April 27, 2014

Earlier this month, the class started to put together a bill that would ban smoking in a car with children who fall under the car seat threshold less than 6 years old or under 60 pounds. The students are essentially melding an existing law in Oregon and proposed legislation in Connecticut that wasnt brought to a vote.

Bill banning smoking in cars with kids clears latest hurdle
The State Journal-Register - March 5, 2014

A bill that would make smoking in a car with a minor present a petty offense is one step closer to becoming law.

Ban on smoking in cars with kids moves forward in Illinois
STLtoday.com - March 5, 2014

SPRINGFIELD, Ill. - A proposal to ban drivers from smoking with children in the ... The measure would make it a crime to smoke in an enclosed vehicle while a ...

House bill bans smoking with kids in car, considers raising tobacco ...
Bennington Banner - March 4, 2014

The Vermont House passed a bill Friday that expands smoking bans to all hotel and motel rooms, outside state buildings and in cars carrying children. The bill, H.217, would also prevent people from smoking within 25 feet of a state building or its property. The ban prohibits smoking on public school grounds and at child care facilities.

Ill. bill would ban smoking with children in car
WGEM - February 18, 2014

SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (AP) - An Illinois lawmaker wants to make it illegal for motorists to smoke in cars with children. State Sen. Ira Silverstein says second-hand ...

MPs back smoking ban in cars
expressandstar.com - February 10, 2014

Hundreds of thousands of children could be saved from being exposed to second-hand smoke in cars after MPs paved the way for legislation which could see an end to the practice.

Smoke ban in cars is a waste of time
Daytona Beach News-Journal - February 7, 2014

The campaign to stop adults from smoking in cars with children present is a cause of Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights. They and like-minded ...

Lawmakers look to limit smoking in cars
Daytona Beach News-Journal - February 4, 2014

Bean and some of his colleagues in the Legislature want to make it illegal to smoke in a car when minors are present. It would be considered a secondary offense, meaning police could not cite someone unless they were also committing a primary traffic violation, such as speeding or running a red light. Violators would be required to pay a fine up to $30. Arkansas, Louisiana, Maine, Oregon and Utah have similar laws on the books, and 14 states, including Florida, are considering bills that would restrict smoking in cars, according to the Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights. "The main objective of smoke-free car laws isn't to ticket every person who smokes in a car, but instead to raise awareness and educate the public about the hazards of secondhand smoke," said Liz Williams, a project manager for Berkeley, Calif.,-based Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights. "Florida is in good company by examining this issue and debating whether it is a good tool to protect public health in the state," she said. "The goal is to educate - not punish."...

Illinois lawmaker wants ban on smoking in cars with kids
WREX-TV - January 23, 2014

Six other states currently have similar bans. A resolution passed in Illinois last year encouraged people against the practice, but didn't ban it outright.

Smoking ban considered for drivers with child passengers
Quad City Times - January 23, 2014

SPRINGFIELD Illinois drivers who smoke while kids are in their car could get slapped with fines under a proposal pending in the Illinois Senate. The measure ...

Florida House Bill Would Ban Smoking In Vehicle If Kids Are Present
WBFS - November 24, 2013

Florida House Bill Would Ban Smoking In Vehicle If Kids Are Present ... For the past decade Florida has banned smoking in enclosed workplaces, with ...

Car smoking ban next?
Western Courier (subscription) - October 28, 2013

Some of the people reading this are smokers, and some of them abstain. Some of you dont mind smoking in your midst, while others would be offended. For the most part, we are adults and free to make our own choices. But what about the times and places when our actions impact those of a younger age? ...

Ban smoking with kids in the car in NJ: Editorial
The Star-Ledger - NJ.com (blog) - October 26, 2013

Sen. Jim Beach (D-Camden) wants to expand New Jerseys Smoke-Free Air Act to include $100 fines for anyone who smokes in a car with children 16 or younger. Put that in the category of laws that shouldnt be necessary, but are. Its an idea no compassionate person parents or not should oppose. ...

Bill targets smoking in vehicle with young kids
Columbus Dispatch - October 16, 2013

Worried about the effects of secondhand smoke on children, state Sen. Charleta Tavares is pushing a bill for the second time in two years that would ban smoking in a car with a young child.

US adults support smoking ban in cars with kids
WSFA - July 23, 2013

TUESDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Eighty-two percent of American adults support banning smoking in cars when children younger than 13 are in the vehicle, according to a new survey.

Bans on smoking in cars with kids deemed a success
CBC.ca - July 12, 2013

Provincial bans against smoking in cars transporting children have worked to reduce exposure to secondhand smoke, according to a new report. The Cancer Advocacy Coalition of Canada released its annual report on Thursday.

Maine ban on smoking in cars with kids largely unenforced
Lewiston Sun Journal - July 11, 2013

On Jan. 8, 2007, Bangor became the first Maine community to prohibit smoking in vehicles containing children. In 2008, this became state law. Since then, however, several police agencies in Maine say theyve cited or only even warned a handful of smokers for indulging their habit with kids in the car. The purpose of these laws is not to punish people but to educate them about the dangers of secondhand smoke, said Liz Williams, project manager for Americans for Nonsmokers Rights. The idea is to educate people so they become self-enforcing.

Oregon bans smoking in cars with kids
KUIK - June 12, 2013

Oregon drivers caught smoking in cars with kids may face hefty fines under a new state law. Gov. John Kitzhaber signed into law on Tuesday a bill that prohibits ...

Ore. House OKs ban on smoking in cars with kids
Herald and News - June 5, 2013

The Oregon Legislature has voted to make it a crime to smoke in a car with kids.
The House approved the bill in a 43-15 vote on Monday. It now goes to Gov. John Kitzhaber, and a spokeswoman says he intends to sign it.

Ban on smoking in cars with kids heads to Oregon governor
DigitalJournal.com - June 5, 2013

Smokers in Oregon will have to think twice before lighting up in their cars. That's because the state legislature has approved a bill that would make it a crime to smoke in a car with kids.

Oregon Lawmakers Vote To Ban Smoking In Cars With Children Present
OPB News - June 3, 2013

Oregon lawmakers signed off Monday on a measure that makes it illegal to smoke in a car when there are children present. Drivers could only be ticketed for the offense if they've already been pulled over for something else. Supporters include Republican representative Jim Thompson. He told colleagues that the bill seeks to protect children from an obvious harm. "Because of secondhand smoke, we've already banned smoking in restaurants and bars, public buildings, trains, planes, buses, taxis, many parks. And the list goes on, including the chamber that we're now sitting in. It is, however, legal to strap your kids in the back seat of your car and smoke them like bacon." ...

Large majority of adults have smoke-free rules in homes, vehicles
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) - May 16, 2013

Four out of five U.S. adults report having voluntary smoke-free rules in their homes and three out of four report having voluntary smoke-free rules in their vehicles, according to a study published in the journal Preventing Chronic Disease, a publication ...

Smoking recommendation approved by House, but ban lacks movement
Quad City Times - May 3, 2013

Lawmakers are encouraging Illinois motorists not to light up while driving with children. The House adopted a resolution Thursday that asks all drivers to not smoke with children under 13 in the car as a way to prevent children's contact with secondhand smoke. The measure, however, is not a requirement. State Rep. Marcus Evans, Jr., D-Chicago, sponsored the recommendation. Evans also introduced a proposal that would ban drivers from smoking with children under 13 in the car, but he said it will not be voted on this spring.

Senate OKs Ban on Smoking in Cars With Young Kids
WBOC TV 16-March 20, 2013

ANNAPOLIS, Md. (AP) - The Maryland Senate has approved a ban on smoking in vehicles if a child under eight is a passenger. The Senate passed the measure ...

Oregon Senate Passes Bill To Prohibit Smoking In Cars With Minors
Albany Tribune - March 13, 2013

The Oregon Senate passed Wednesday on a bipartisan 19-10 vote a bill that would make smoking in a motor vehicle with a driver or passenger under 18 a traffic violation. … Senate Bill 444 will now go to the Oregon House of Representatives for consideration.

Ban on smoking in cars with kids headed to governor
Salt Lake Tribune - March 2, 2013

A bill that would outlaw parents smoking in cars when children are present narrowly passed the Senate on Friday and is headed to the governor, after passionate debate pitting child welfare against individual liberty. ...

Amid opposition, bill prohibiting smoking in car with kids passes house
ksl.com - March 2, 2013

SALT LAKE CITY ­ A Utah pediatrician believes smoking in a car with a child present is similar to child abuse. ...

Car smoking ban clears committee
StandardNet - February 28, 2013

SALT LAKE CITY ­ A local lawmaker, who describes himself as a strong advocate of personal rights, thinks parents cross the line when they smoke in a vehicle ...

Smoking in cars bill advances with opposition building
Deseret News - February 27, 2013

The dangers of cigarette smoking are well documented, yet people still do it. The dangers to children exposed to second-hand tobacco smoke are well ...

LETTER: Supports Bill Banning Smoking In Cars With Kids
Hartford Courant - February 26, 2013

The American Lung Association supports legislation that would protect Connecticut children from being exposed to secondhand smoke while they are riding in vehicles [Feb. 21, CTNow, "Teen Pushing New Smoking Ban Bill"]. Laws prohibiting smoking in vehicles when children are present have already been enacted in states like Arkansas, Maine and California. …

Elizabeth Hovde: Should we fine smoking drivers or just butt out?
The Oregonian - February 23, 2013

There are a dozen good reasons not to like a current legislative proposal banning smoking in cars with kids. But there is one really good reason to like it, so the proposal keeps nagging me. If you agree with mountains of research that secondhand smoke is a legitimate health concern, allow me to try to make you similarly torn, as misery loves company. …

EDITORIAL: Smoking In Cars With Kids? Can't Outlaw Stupidity
Hartford (CT) Courant - February 22, 2013

Should people smoke around kids ­ in a car, or anywhere? In fact, should they smoke at all? Any sensible person would say no. Unfortunately, you can't always legislate common sense. …

Parents who smoke around young kids are ignorant but not criminals
Hartford Courant - February 21, 2013

Should adults be allowed to smoke in a car carrying young children? No, said many of those who spoke at a state Capitol hearing recently on a bill that would make it a crime. Not all stupid behavior can be outlawed, however. Adults who expose children to secondhand smoke are ignorant and irresponsible, but whether they should also be criminals is doubtful. …

Smoking ban proposed for drivers with kids
Northwest Cable News - February 21, 2013

State Senator Elizabeth Steiner-Hayward is proposing smoking in a car with kids as a secondary offense, meaning you'd have to first be pulled over for ...

Smoking Ban? Here's Where Cigarettes Are Still Allowed
Daily Beast - February 21, 2013

As Connecticut threatens to ban in-vehicle smoking, the already small pool of places where cigarettes are allowed is shrinking fast. From a rebellious Washington sports bar to a sophisticated Paris hotel, here is a guide to smoking freedom …

Smoking ban for vehicles carrying kids finds support from Mansfield youth
Middletown Press-by Christine Stuart - February 21, 2013

Henry Genga's bill to ban smoking in vehicles with children. “It would prevent fatal injury to the lungs and body, as well as greatly increase road safety,” Abdullah ...

Danbury Readers Mixed On Proposed Ban On Smoking In Cars
The Daily Voice - February 21, 2013

Danbury residents have mixed feelings about a proposed smoking ban for drivers with ... Smoking could soon be added to the list of banned activities for drivers with ... “I support banning smoking in cars that I am in,” Debra Oria commented.

Potential Conn. vehicular smoking ban raises debate
NECN - February 20, 2013

Potential Conn. vehicular smoking ban raises debate ... Kvadas believes that, unlike those other bans, this one is about the health of the ...

Weighing in on Proposed Smoking Ban
WKBW-TV-February 20, 2013

Albany, N.Y. (WKBW) - A proposal to ban smoking in a car if a child is riding in the vehicle is something that may happen in the near future. Some people said it ...

Smoking ban proposed for drivers with kids
kgw.com - February 20, 2013

State Senator who’s also a doctor and a mom wants to make it illegal for parents to smoke while kids are riding in the car. State Senator Elizabeth Steiner-Hayward is proposing smoking in a car with kids as a secondary offense, meaning you’d have to first be pulled over for something else like speeding. …

Connecticut lawmaker mulls smoking ban in cars with children
New York Daily News - February 19, 2013

A Connecticut lawmaker is focusing on a law that would ban in-car smoking, even with the windows down, for drivers with underage passengers. New York Assemblyman David Weprin previously introduced a similar bill that would have instated a $100 fine for smoking in cars with passengers under 14 years of age. …

Conn. Lawmakers Consider Car Smoking Ban
NBC Bay Area - February 19, 2013

Smoking is already banned in restaurants and businesses in Connecticut and some parents welcome broadening the ban to protect children in cars. "We want ...

Connecticut to consider smoking ban in cars with kids
7Online.com - February 19, 2013

HARTFORD (WABC) -- Should Connecticut ban smoking in cars that contain small children? That's the question state lawmakers will take up later this week in ...

Ban on smoking in cars dies
Chatham Star Tribune - February 18, 2013

RICHMOND – A Senate bill that would have banned smoking in cars carrying children under age 15 was tabled Friday by a House committee. …

WA. Senate Bill would ban smoking in vehicle with underage passengers
KLEW-TV Channel 3 (Lewiston ID) - Feb 14, 2013

Senate Bill 5230 would make it illegal to smoke in your vehicle if anyone under 18, is inside. That means pipes, cigars and cigarettes. It was introduced by Democrat Senator Paull Shin of Edmonds and would be considered a secondary offense.

House OKs bill that bans smoking in cars with kids present
Daily Herald - February 12, 2013

SALT LAKE CITY -- A proposal to make it illegal to smoke in a car when a child age 15 years or younger is present is one step closer to becoming law.On Monday morning Utah's House of Representatives narrowly approved a bill in a 41-30 vote that would ask police to issue warnings to those caught smoking with a minor present in their car for the first year of enactment of the bill. Following the first year officers may issue a fine up to $45 if they catch a person with a lit cigarette and a child in the same car. … The bill was amended before it passed through the House to allow for a person driving a convertible to still be able to light up as long as they had the top down. …

Ban on smoking in cars dies in house
Tidewater News - February 11, 2013

RICHMOND­A Senate bill that would have banned smoking in cars carrying children under age 15 was tabled Friday by a House committee. Proposed by Sen.

Senate passes ban on smoking with kids in car
WWBT - February 1, 2013

RICHMOND, Va. (AP) - The Virginia Senate has passed legislation making it illegal for adults to smoke with kids in the car. The vote on Sen. Ralph Northam's bill was 30-10. It now goes to the House of Delegates, which historically is less receptive to such restrictions. …

Senate bans smoking in cars with kids
Rappahannock News - February 1, 2013

RICHMOND – The Senate today passed a bill to prohibit smoking in a vehicle when a child under 15 is present. …

Petersen, Howell Vote for Ban on Smoking in Car With Kids
Vienna (VA) Patch.com – January 31, 2013

Northam's bill is one of three smoking bans still making their way through the ... succeeded in banning smoking under bus shelters, but extending that ban to ...

Bills Would Ban Smoking in Cars with Kids
Capital News Service, emporianews.com – January 21, 2013

A bill to forbid smoking in cars carrying children is dead in the House, but a similar proposal remains alive in the Senate … It’s not uncommon for states to ban smoking in cars carrying children. Arkansas, Louisiana, California, Maine and Puerto Rico all have such laws. The age of the minor varies from state to state. Anti-smoking advocates would like to see Virginia join that list. “Virginia is far behind what other states have,” said Bronson Frick, an assistant director of Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights, a national advocacy group. Virginia does ban smoking in restaurants, but the state law doesn’t cover other areas. “It’d help Virginia be a part of a trend with most of the United States,” Frick said. Most states that have outlawed smoking in the car with a child present, Frick said, usually take an educational approach, too: They have a campaign to inform the public about the health risks of second-hand smoke. …

EDITORIAL: In our opinion: A bill against smoking in the car unlikely to result in fewer incidents
Deseret News - January 7, 2013

The dangers of cigarette smoking are well documented, yet people still do it. The dangers to children exposed to second-hand tobacco smoke are well documented, yet some parents still light up in the presence of their kids ­ and because they do, a Utah legislator thinks there ought to be a law. …

Can car-smoking ban pass this time around?
Salt Lake Tribune - December 28, 2012

Rep. Patrice Arent, D-Millcreek, will try anew to pass an often-defeated bill to ban smoking in cars while children are present. ...

Connecticut lawmakers may consider ban on smoking in cars with children
Middletown (CT) Press - December 27, 2012

Lawmakers may be considering re-introducing a bill next year that would ban smoking in a vehicle in the presence of a child. A lawmaker recently asked the Office of Legislative Research for a description of laws in other states banning smoking in vehicles when children are present. …

Secondhand Smoke Exposure Common In Cars
Personal Liberty Digest - November 27, 2012

Almost half of parents who smoke and have motor vehicles said they smoked while children were in their vehicle, U.S. researchers said. Emara Nabi-Burza, Susan Regan and Nancy Rigotti of the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and colleagues at the American Academy of Pediatrics and the University of Rochester Medical Center, said the study involved 981 smoking parents, of whom 83 percent had a car, …

Doctors Ask Parents To Keep A Smoke-Free Car
CBS Local - November 27, 2012

GRAND RAPIDS (WWJ) – A new study in the journal Pediatrics focuses on parents smoking in cars with their children present. Researchers say tobacco smoke ...

Just ten minutes in a car with a smoker boosts harmful pollutants by up to thirty percent
ScienceDaily – November 21, 2012

Just 10 minutes spent in the back seat of a car with a smoker in the front, boosts a child's daily exposure to harmful pollutants by up to 30%, reveals research published online in …

Lawmakers making another attempt at prohibiting smoking in cars ...
Deseret News - September 19, 2012

… He encouraged lawmakers to support legislation that would prohibit adults from smoking in a vehicle when a child under age 15 is present. …

Should Utah ban smoking in cars?
Salt Lake Tribune – September 19, 2012

An unlikely pair of lawmakers ­ a Democrat from Salt Lake and Republican from Juab County ­ are seeking to snuff out smoking in cars. …

RI bill would ban smoking when kids are in cars
The Westerly Sun - May 10, 2012

A Rhode Island state senator wants to add to the list of places people can’t smoke ­ in cars when children are present. South Kingstown Democrat V. Susan Sosnowski says the goal is to protect children from harmful second-hand smoke. …

Bill would ban smoking in cars with children
WPRO - May 10, 2012

The Senate Health and Human Services Committee approved a bill on Wednesday that would make it illegal to smoke in a car when children are present. …

Bills to restrict smoking nearly snuffed out in Md.
WTOP - March 27, 2012

Proposed smoking restrictions aren't catching fire in Annapolis as the Maryland General Assembly reaches the final weeks of a 90-day session. A bill to keep adults from smoking with children in the car went nowhere. Another that would declare smoking a nuisance in condos, townhomes and apartment buildings -- effectively banning smoking if a resident made a complaint -- also ran into trouble. Another that would declare smoking a nuisance in condos, townhomes and apartment buildings -- effectively banning smoking if a resident made a complaint …

Smoking ban in vehicles with children passes Senate
Maryland Reporter - March 15, 2012

A controversial bill that would ban smoking in any vehicle with a passenger younger than 8 passed the state Senate 27-19 on Wednesday after debate that centered largely over the role of government. …

Md. legislator wants to ban smoking in cars carrying children
Washington Post (blog) - March 2, 2012

… Arkansas bans smoking in cars when children under 14 are present. Louisiana, Puerto Rico, California and Maine also have similar laws. … Jennie Forehand, a Democrat from Montgomery County, who has worked to ban smoking in public places, tried last year to pass a law banning smoking in cars ...

Bill would ban smoking in car with child under 8
Baltimore Sun (blog) - March 2, 2012

By Michael Dresser, The Baltimore Sun A bill has emerged from a Senate committee that would prohibit a driver from smoking or allowing a passenger to smoke ...

Queens Legislators Call for Smoking Ban in Cars with Minors
Douglaston (NY) Patch.com - February 14, 2012

Toby Stavisky, D-Whitestone, and state Assemblyman David Weprin, D-Little Neck, are calling for the state to prohibit smoking in vehicles in which minors ...

Smoking ban going back to the Augusta Commission with potential tweaks
The Augusta (GA) Chronicle - February 13, 2012

... The proposed ordinance would also ban smoking in a vehicle with children 14 and younger, as Arkansas and California do. ...

Bill proposed to ban smoking
Hattiesburg (MS) American - Feb 5, 2012

The proposed bill, currently sitting in a Senate committee, would not ban adults from smoking in vehicles where no children are present, Frazier said.

Bill would restrict smoking in cars
Columbus (OH) Dispatch, 2012-02-02

Arguing that a child has no way to escape the harmful effects of secondhand smoke, a Columbus Democrat told a Senate committee yesterday that it's time for Ohio to ban smoking in vehicles with passengers younger than 6. ...

South Carolina considers smoking ban in cars with kids
ABC15.com (KNXV-TV) - Shawn Martin -September 3, 2011

Specifically, they had a lot to type about a smoking ban bill being brought up for a second time in South Carolina. If passed, the bill would make it a …

Leduc smoking ban in effect July 2
Canadian Television (CTV), 2011-07-01

It's a first for a city in Alberta: soon drivers in Leduc won't be allowed to smoke in a car while children are inside. ...

Assemblyman David Weprin pushes to ban smoking in car with kids
New York Daily News, 2011-06-13
Lillian Rizzo DAILY NEWS WRITER

Lighting up with a kid in the car could soon cost you $100. ...

New South Carolina bill aims to ban smoking in car with kids
TheDigitel - May 16, 2011

A new bill being debated in the SC House would make it illegal for people to smoke in their car while a child is present. This bill proposed (Senate version ...

Children held captive in smoky vehicles
EurekAlert (press release) - April 30, 2011

Parents who smoked were asked if they had a car, whether they had smoking rules in their car, their child's age and if their pediatrician advised them to have a smoke-free car. Parents were considered to have a strictly enforced carsmoking ban if they ..

Research Highlights Need For Smoke-Free Car Laws, Public Health Campaigns To Protect Youngsters From Toxins
Medical News TODAY(UK), 2011-05-01

It is absolutely unacceptable to subject children to any tobacco smoke exposure in cars, according to the authors of an abstract to be presented Sunday, May 1, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Denver.

Jackson’s car-smoking bill falls short
The State (SC), April 7, 2011

Sen. Darrell Jackson has introduced a bill to protect children by prohibiting smoking in a vehicle occupied by a child younger than 6 years old. True, these children have no choice but to breathe second-hand smoke. But why would Sen. Jackson not want to include any young people who are unable to drive themselves, who also have no choice in breathing second-hand smoke? Or adults who are unable to have a driver’s license, for that matter? …

SC lawmakers stop bill barring smoking around kids
Associated Press (AP), 2011-04-05

A South Carolina proposal to fine drivers or passengers who puff away with a child under 6 in the car is going nowhere.

Smoke Free Cars Law now helps more minors
Today's THV - Lauren Clark - March 31, 2011

LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (KTHV) -- Governor Beebe signed into law Wednesday an amendment to the 2006 Smoke Free Cars law. The former law required a child to be older than 6 years old to be in a vehicle if someone was smoking. Now that age has been raised to ...

S.C. bill would ban smoking in cars with kids
Aiken Standard, March 31, 2011

COLUMBIA -- Drivers or passengers who puff away with a child younger than 6 in the car could be fined in South Carolina under a legislative proposal. Proponents said it's about protecting children from the dangers of second-hand smoke, including i ...

Banning smoking in cars ‘only way to protect children’
WalesOnline (uk), 2011-03-28
Madeleine Brindley, Western Mail

STARTLING research today reveals children are still breathing in harmful particles in cigarette smoke in a car even when adults aren't smoking.

A Welsh study reveals high levels of particulate matter (PM) from tobacco smoke is present in the back seat of cars for up to two hours after a cigarette has been smoked. ...

OUR VIEW Smoking in cars is toxic for kids
Delmarva Now - March 17, 2011

Smoking was once ubiquitous; today, it is banned inside most buildings and a growing number of outdoor spaces as well. Many people do not tolerate smoking inside their own homes. This bill would impose a $50 fine on anyone caught smoking in a car with ...

Law on smoking in car with children could change
KTHV-DT CBS (Little Rock, AR), 2011-03-16
Written by B.J. Steed

Senate Bill 1004 to go before House Wednesday afternoon that wants to change the law regarding smoking in cars with children. ...

New York Lawmakers Propose Car Smoking Ban
NACS Online - March 11, 2011

NEW YORK — Two New York legislators are proposing a bill that would ban smoking in a car when a minor is present, NBC New York reports.

Introduced in Nassau County, the ban would make it illegal to smoke in a car if someone under the age of 18 is present, with violators subject to a $1,000 fine ...

House OKs bill that would make it illegal to smoke in cars with kids present
Deseret News, 2011-03-08
Amanda Verzello, Deseret News

The House passed a bill late Monday evening that would make it illegal for adults to smoke in cars when children are present. ...

Bill takes another run at banning smoking with kids in the car
Bismarck Tribune, January 13, 2011

BISMARCK -- Students are the catalyst behind a bill that would ban smoking with children in the car. ...Police officers are supposed to stop everybody that ’s smoking in case there ’s a kid in the car. ...

Stumbo's bill would target smokers in cars with children
Lexington Herald-Leader, January 12, 2011

Smoking in a vehicle where a child under 17 is present would be illegal under a bill filed by House Speaker Greg Stumbo.

A person in a vehicle with a child could not smoke "cigars, cigarettes or other tobacco in any form" under House Bill 216. ...

Bill would ban smoking in cars around kids
Seattle (WA) Post-Intelligencer, 2011-01-10
VANESSA HO SEATTLEPI.COM STAFF

After being banished from bars, doorways and a growing number of smoke-free apartment buildings, smokers may find one of their last refuges -- their car -- off-limits too.

A bill (SB5106) introduced by Sen. Scott White, D-Seattle, would prohibit smoking in a parked or moving car if children are present. The act would be considered a secondary traffic violation, enforced only when a driver has been stopped for another offense. The infraction would not go on a driver's record.

The Legislature considered similar measures in 2008, but did not pass them into law. ...

Smoking in cars with kids will soon be illegal
Regina (Sas) Leader-Post (ca), 2010-09-17
ANGELA HALL, Leader-Post

People who smoke in cars that have kids as passengers will be breaking Saskatchewan law as of Oct. 1, as provisions under The Tobacco Control Amendment Act take effect.

The new rule is meant to protect children under 16 from second-hand smoke in vehicles, the provincial government said.

"Children specifically are much more vulnerable to exposure to tobacco smoke than adults because they are still physically developing, so we're just trying to protect our youngest citizens from that exposure," said Nicole Nieminen, senior policy analyst with the Ministry of Health.

The ministry on Friday issued a reminder that the month of October will also usher in other new tobacco control rules, including: ...

Residual tobacco smoke in used cars: futile efforts and persistent pollutants
Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 2010-08-30

Methods: Surface wipe, air, and dust samples were collected in used cars sold by nonsmokers (n = 40) and smokers (n = 87) and analyzed for nicotine. . . .

Discussion: Findings suggest that smokers can prevent their cars from becoming contaminated with residual TSP by reducing or ceasing smoking; however, commonly used cleaning and ventilation methods did not successfully decrease contamination levels. Disclosure requirements and smoke-free certifications could help protect buyers of used cars and empower them to request nonsmoking environments or a discount on cars that have been smoked in previously. …

Canadians, Americans, Britons support tobacco crackdowns
Toronto Sun - 8 August 18, 2010

The Angus Reid Public Opinion poll found that most respondents supported the laws that ban smoking indoors, in a vehicle that has a child present and in ...

A qualitative case study of policy maker views about the protection of children from smoking in cars
George Thomson, Sheena Hudson, Nick Wilson, and Richard Edwards
Nicotine & Tobacco Research published 9 August 2010

City council mulling smoking-in-vehicle ban
Record Herald - Lance Cranmer - June 24, 2010

What began as an idea proposed by a Washington High School government class could become a reality in the very near future.

Washington C.H. City Council discussed the possibility of a city-wide ban on smoking in cars where small children are present during Wednesday's meeting.

"It's a worthwhile thing," said council chairman Dale Lynch. "And the fact that this is something students came up with - it shows that people can initiate things."

The proposal was first brought up by a group of Washington students from Jon Creamer's AP Government class when they spoke before council on May 12.

The students presented information on similar laws already in place in Arkansas, California, Louisiana and Maine. Currently there are no similar laws - in either state or individual city governments - in the state of Ohio.

Washington C.H. City Council recently took on a controversial topic in a different way last month when it approved a resolution to support a statewide texting while driving ban. In that case, though, state leaders were already crafting a bill - which later passed - to ban texting while driving. ...

Arkansas motorists who smoke with young kids in their vehicle could ...
KFSM - May 6, 2010

LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP) — Arkansas law enforcement says motorists who smoke while driving with a young child can now be pulled over and given a ticket.

The state Health Department and police said Thursday that smoking while driving with a child younger than 6 or weighing less than 60 pounds can generate a $25 ticket.

Most law enforcement agencies will take a month to warn motorists about the law and the dangers of secondhand smoke. ...

Ban near on smoking in cars
Honolulu Advertiser - Jason Armstrong - April 22, 2010

Motorists should not subject children to second-hand tobacco smoke, Hawai'i County Council members decided Tuesday by voting 5-3 to outlaw the practice.

Smoking would be illegal in any motor vehicle occupied by someone less than 18 years old, according to the bill from Puna Councilwoman Emily Naeole-Beason.

The ban is to protect kids, said Naeole-Beason, who has often credited her children for helping her quit smoking.

The measure now goes to Mayor Billy Kenoi, who may choose to sign it into law, allow it to take effect without his approval or veto it.

Kenoi told the Tribune-Herald that he supports the bill's intent of protecting children's health and safety.

"I will look very favorably on it," he said by phone following the council's action. ...

Tampa Bay students arguing for anti-smoking bill
ABC Action News - Sean O'Reilly - April 7, 2010

TALLAHASSEE, FL -- Eight Tampa Bay high school students are in Tallahassee today to present an anti-smoking bill they wrote before Florida lawmakers.

The students from Tampa Bay Tech, Durant High School and Bloomingdale High School go before the Senate Transportation Committee to argue their bill that would outlaw smoking in vehicles when children are present.

The students hope to gain enough support that the bill will advance to the full Senate and pass in a vote. ...

Smoking would be banned in all cars, parks and play areas under new proposals
Smoking in all private cars and outdoor spaces where children gather should be banned, the Royal College of Physicians has proposed.
Electronic Telegraph (uk), 2010-03-24
Heidi Blake

Passive smoking doubles the risk of cot death in babies and toddlers, the Royal College of Physicians said.

Parks, play areas, outdoor swimming pools and all vehicles should be covered by an extension of the existing smoking ban, England's oldest medical institution said.

The proposals, which have won the backing of Sir Liam Donaldson, the Government's Chief Medical Officer, are outlined in a report showing the impact of passive smoking on children's health.

Doctors reported 20,500 cases of lower respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis in children caused directly by passive smoking, the report said. . . .

The report was timed to influence the Government's July review of existing smoking legislation, which came into force in 2007.

The proposals, which were welcomed by the Department of Health, include a call for smoking to be outlawed in all vehicles, rather than just those which contain children, to make the ban easier to enforce. ...

Smoking In The Car Could Cost You
Central Florida News 13 ( Orlando, FL), 2010-03-17
Reported by Troy Kinsey

The federal government finds developing kids exposed to second-hand smoke are at high risk of having weaker lungs or life-threatening illnesses.

That's why lawmakers could move to slap a $100 fine on drivers caught puffing with a kid under 16 years old in the car.

Smoking is already banned in schools and on playgrounds. Logic follows the family car ought to be off limits too.
But tell that to critics, who complain the bill is tantamount to throwing a wet blanket over the flickering flame of freedom.

“This is going to be a very controversial, hot issue,” said Sen. Victor Crist.

The Tampa Republican is backing the bill in the Senate.

By his own admission, the opposition will be tough. But he argues the facts are tougher....

Big Island bill to ban smoking while kids are in car advances
Honolulu Advertiser, 2010-03-17
Jason Armstrong Hawaii Tribune-Herald

A bill that would outlaw smoking in any motorized vehicle occupied by a child or young adult was advanced yesterday by a 6-3 vote of a Hawaii County Council committee.

The Human Services and Economic Development Committee's supportive recommendation sends Bill 216 to the full council for the first of two votes required for its passage.

If approved as law, the ban would take effect 90 days later.

Puna Councilwoman Emily Naeole-Beason, the bill's author and a former smoker, said some people have been unfairly critical of her proposal. ...

Minn. bill would ban smoking in cars with kids
KSAX - 2010-03-17

ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) - A proposal to ban smoking in cars with kids is back.

The bill from Democratic Rep. Nora Slawik of Maplewood gets a hearing - but not a vote - in a House health panel on Wednesday.

The legislation would prohibit smoking in vehicles where children under 18 years old are present. But law enforcement officers couldn't ticket for violations unless they pulled the car over for another reason. ...

House backs ban on smoking in car with young children
Salt Lake Tribune, 2010-02-24
Brandon Loomis The Salt Lake Tribune

Utah lawmakers on Tuesday passed a proposed ban on smoking in a vehicle in which children are riding.

HB82, sponsored by Rep. Jay Seegmiller, D-Sandy, would bar smoking in the vehicle when a child younger than 8 and requiring a restraining device is present. The proposed penalty is a $45 ticket.

Several lawmakers argued passionately for keeping children from breathing various chemicals in cigarette smoke, and Seegmiller said the children have no other protection.

"This is a tremendously important bill to protect the rights of children who can't speak for themselves," he said. . . .

The bill passed 40-31 and now goes to the Senate. ...

Hundreds fined for smoking in cars since new laws
News Interactive Network/News Limited/News.com (au), 2009-11-08
ELISSA DOHERTY, HEALTH REPORTER

MORE than 400 people have been cautioned or fined for smoking in cars with children in South Australia since the controversial law was introduced.

The state led the nation by introducing a law prohibiting smoking in vehicles in the presence of people under 16 in May 2007, in a bid to protect children from passive smoking.

Since then, police have fined 317 people and cautioned 85.
Offenders can be issued with an on-the-spot fine of $75 and if it proceeds to court, the maximum penalty is $200.

A woman was recently convicted for the offence in NSW just three months after that state brought in the new laws.

Qld bans smoking in cars carrying kids
The Age - October 29, 2009

Queensland motorists who smoke while children are in their cars will be fined from next year.

From January 1, Queensland police will enforce a $200 on-the-spot fine to drivers who smoke with children under 16 in their cars.

Premier Anna Bligh said the laws would protect children from the dangers of passive smoke.

"It is important we protect children who have no choice but to travel in cars with adults and their parents and family members ... where those people don't make the right choices about smoking around them," Ms Bligh told reporters.

She made no apologies for the crackdown. ...

Ban on smoking in vehicles with children
Lakes District News - October 28, 2009

Anyone caught in B.C. smoking in a vehicle with a child present will have to pay a $109 fine.

April of this year, the B.C. Government passed the legislation to enforce a ban on smoking in vehicles when a child under the age of 16 is present last spring under the Motor Vehicle Act.

Healthy living and sport minister Mary Pollack said in a statement regarding the ban, "Any level of second-hand smoke has harmful effects on a child's health, so it's important that we protect vulnerable children who are confined in a vehicle." ...

AAP Calls For Tobacco-Free Environments For All Children
Medical News Today (press release) - October 20, 2009

A life free of tobacco means smoke-free homes and apartment buildings, cars, schools, restaurants, parks, beaches, sidewalks and sporting events ...

Government Stubs Out Car Smoking Ban Laws
Sky News - October 20, 2009

The Government has ditched plans to ban smoking in cars when children are passengers, Sky News Online can reveal. ...

Britain was considering moves to introduce similar legislation next year as part of its review of 'smoke-free laws' introduced three years ago.

But a spokeswoman for the Department of Health told Sky this has now changed.

"The Government does not have any plans at this point in time to introduce legislation to prohibit smoking in private cars," she said. ...

$100 fine proposed for drivers who smoke with kids in car
Boston Herald - October 1, 2009

Drivers smoking with children in the car would face $100 fines for each child under legislation that got a push in committee Thursday. Rep. Denis Guyer’s bill (H 3233) imposes fines of at least $100 for each child.

Drivers could duck the fine by performing five hours of community service or taking tobacco education or cessation courses.

Children, who breathe more quickly than adults, are particularly at risk of suffering second-hand smoke side effects, said Dr. Mona Sharifi, a pediatrician at Children’s Hospital. A child sitting in a car for roughly 10 minutes breathes in the equivalent of what a firefighter breathes during hours battling wildfires, she said. “It’s the one environmental exposure that stands out above the rest,” Sharifi said. ...

Smoking in vehicles brings higher nicotine exposure
The researchers said their findings pointed to a need for a campaign to discourage smoking in cars.
Richmond (VA) Times-Dispatch, 2009-09-17
David Ress

Sharing a ride with a smoker will give you a much heftier dose of nicotine than having a meal in a restaurant that allows smoking or hanging out at a smoky bar, according to new research.

Even opening the window or switching on the air-conditioner when a smoker lights up leaves significant amounts of nicotine in the air, according to the study by four researchers at Johns Hopkins University.
In fact smokers who put their windows down all the way averaged more nicotine in the air, perhaps because they tended to be heavier smokers or perhaps because the air whipping around inside their cars distributed smoke and nicotine more widely, said Dr. Ana Navas-Acien, one of the researchers and an assistant professor at Johns Hopkins' School of Public Health.

"In any case it is clear that ventilation is insufficient to eliminate tobacco smoke," she said.

Nicotine, which is toxic, is the addictive substance in tobacco.
The Hopkins team believes its research, using air samplers placed in 22 drivers' cars last summer, is the first to measure nicotine concentrations in actual driving conditions rather than in laboratory simulations. Their results were published in the medical journal Tobacco Control. . . .

A handful of states, including Arkansas, California and Louisiana, ban smoking in cars when children are passengers. So does Puerto Rico. Beginning next month, Avis Budget Group Inc. will ban smoking in all of its rental cars, citing customers' complaints about tobacco odors and residues.

The Hopkins researchers said their findings were generally in line with recent studies suggesting that smoking two cigarettes a day inside a car leaves the air with about 20 percent more particulate matter than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's ceiling for what it considers unpolluted air.

They said the drivers they studied all agreed that smoking posed a health risk to passengers, and that 15 percent would only smoke when they had no passengers in their cars. ...

Passive smoking in cars linked to hayfever and wheezing in children
Eur Resp J 2009; 34: 629–633
MedWire News (uk), 2009-09-15
Mark Cowen

Children who are regularly exposed to second-hand tobacco smoke when traveling by car have significantly higher rates of hayfever and wheezing than those without such exposure, results of an Irish study show.

Writing in the European Respiratory Journal, Luke Clancy, from the Tobacco Free Research Institute in Dublin, and team explain: “Children may be more vulnerable to second-hand smoke-induced respiratory diseases due to smaller airways and greater oxygen demand, as well as a less-mature immune system.”

But they add that “there is no evidence quantifying second-hand smoke-induced respiratory health effects in children exposed to second-hand smoke in cars.”

To address this, the team studied 2809 children, aged 13–14 years, selected randomly from schools throughout Ireland. ...

Finland To Restrict Smoking In Private Cars
Bernama - September 15, 2009

HELSINKI, Sept 15 (Bernama) -- Finland will soon ban smoking in private vehicles if a child under 18 years old is a passenger in that car, local media reported on Tuesday.

A proposal on the issue will be handed to Finland's Parliament within two weeks. The legislation, which is expected to pass, would make Finland the only European country to regulate smoking in private cars, according to Xinhua news agency's report, citing the local media.

However, no punishments are planned for smokers who break the rule for the time being. That means smokers can be urged, but not forced, to stop smoking if a child is in the car. ...

Smoking ban in cars closer
ABC Online - September 10, 2009

A bill banning smoking in cars carrying children has passed the upper house of the West Australian parliament.

The bill was introduced earlier this year by the Independent Mp Janet Woollard.

It will also ban retailers from being able to display tobacco products and prohibits people from smoking in certain parts of alfresco dining areas. ...

Experts support crackdown on bad habits
Sydney Morning Herald - Danny Rose - September 1, 2009

The Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) welcomed the further recommendation to introduce Australia-wide legislation to ban smoking in all motor ...

New smoking ban - No smoking in car
Sowetan - September 1, 2009

ALTHOUGH it may prove impossible to stop people with children from smoking in their homes, it is now officially illegal to smoke in your car if you are travelling with a child under the age of 12.

Enjoying a smoke at a restaurant in the company of your children is now also illegal, even if you are in a smoking area. Children under 18 years are not even allowed to enter a designated smoking area. ...

Smokers' Cars Loaded With Nicotine
Levels twice those found in places that permit smoking, study suggests
HealthDay [HealthScout], 2009-08-24
Steven Reinberg HealthDay Reporter

Passengers riding in the cars of smokers are exposed to nicotine levels nearly twice those found in restaurants and bars that permit smoking, a new study suggests.

The dangers of exposure to secondhand smoke are well known, including the risk for heart and respiratory disease, and have led to laws banning smoking in many public places. Many anti-smoking advocates believe the next frontier in the fight against secondhand smoke is in cars.
"These levels of exposure are unacceptable for nonsmoking passengers, particularly children, who are at increased risk for secondhand smoke-related health problems," said study co-author Patrick Breysse, director of the Division of Environmental Health Engineering at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Breysse and his co-author Dr. Ana Navas-Acien, an assistant professor of occupational and environmental health at Hopkins, believe that smoking should be banned in cars as it has been in other places.

Secondhand tobacco smoke concentrations in motor vehicles
Miranda R Jones, Ana Navas-Acien, Jie Yuan, Patrick N Breysse
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, United States
Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], August 25, 2009


Context: Motor vehicles represent important microenvironments for exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). While some countries and cities have banned smoking in cars with children present, more data are needed to develop the evidence-base on SHS exposure levels in motor vehicles to inform policy and education practices aimed at supporting smoke-free motor vehicles when passengers are present.
Objective: To assess exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke in motor vehicles using passive airborne nicotine samplers.

Methods: Seventeen smokers and five non-smokers who commute to and from work in their own vehicle participated. Two passive airborne nicotine samplers were placed in each vehicle for a 24-hour period, one at the front passenger seat headrest and the other in the backseat behind the driver. At the end of the sampling period, airborne nicotine was analyzed by gas chromatography.

Results: Median (IQR) air nicotine concentrations in smokers' vehicles were 9.6 µg/m3 (5.3-25.5) compared to non-detectable concentrations in non-smokers' vehicles. After adjustment for vehicle size, window opening, air conditioning, and sampling time, there was a 1.96-fold increase (95% CI 1.43, 2.67) in air nicotine concentrations per cigarette smoked.

Conclusions: Air nicotine concentrations in motor vehicles were much higher than air nicotine concentrations generally measured in public or private indoor places, and even higher than concentrations measured in restaurants and bars. These high levels of exposure to SHS support the need for education measures and legislation that regulate smoking in motor vehicles when passengers, especially children, are present.

MK considers bill to bar smoking in vehicles with kids
Jerusalem Post, 2009-08-25
JUDY SIEGEL-ITZKOVICH

After Johns Hopkins University researchers have proven that the amount of harmful nicotine in air-conditioned cars with smokers is much higher than in pubs and restaurants that allow smoking, an MK is considering initiating a bill to bar smoking in vehicles with children as passengers.

Israel Beiteinu MK Robert Ilatov, whose colleague MK Yuri Shtern proposed such legislation three weeks before his death from brain cancer in 2007, told The Jerusalem Post on Monday after learning of the Baltimore study that such a bill would be a fitting memorial to Shtern. He asked to read the study, which was published on Tuesday in the journal Tobacco Control.

Health Ministry associate director-general Dr. Boaz Lev said he personally was very much opposed to smoking in cars containing minors, but that he had not discussed the proposal with Deputy Health Minister Ya'acov Litzman (United Torah Judaism), who decides policy. ...

Smokers support ban in cars carrying young children
Radio New Zealand - August 6, 2009

A study suggests strong support from smokers for a ban on lighting up in cars carrying pre-school children.

The University of Otago study of more than than 1,300 adult smokers found 96% favoured a smoking ban in cars carrying young children.

Lead author Dr George Thompson says support for the ban was consistent across all ethnicities and income-levels.

He says with Parliament currently looking at legislationon the use of cellphones in cars, it's a good opportunity to also consider banning smoking while behind the wheel. ...

Motorists call for total ban on smoking in cars
Easier (press release) - July 13, 2009

Nearly two thirds of motorists would like to see smoking in cars completely banned according to a new survey by Motorpoint.

The poll by the car supermarket giant found 67% of drivers wanted smokers to extinguish their cigarettes before getting behind the wheel. Some 2,028 people took part in the week-long online study.

Smoking in cars is currently the subject of hot debate after Professor Terence Stephenson, the new president of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, called for a complete end to smoking in cars with children. ...

Smoking to be banned while under-18s are in the car
News Interactive Network/News Limited/News.com (au), 2009-06-26

SMOKING in cars carrying children under 18 will be banned.
Police will be able to fine motorists caught smoking while driving with children under legislation introduced in State Parliament on Thursday.
Health Minister Daniel Andrews said the air quality in a car filled with cigarette smoke was similar to that found in a "smoky pub", even with the windows wound down.

"There is no risk-free level of second-hand smoke in confined areas such as cars," he said.

Langley driver gets BC's first ticket for smoking with child in car
CBC.ca - June 24, 2009

RCMP have handed out B.C.'s first ticket to a driver for lighting up with a child in his car.

Police pulled over the man at a roadblock in Langley on Sunday while he was smoking with a 13-year-old in the car.

The driver was slapped with a ticket for $109, as well as a 24-hour suspension for driving under the influence of alcohol. His name was not released by police, and it is not clear if he was eventually charged for drinking and driving. ...

Smoking to be banned in cars with kids
West Australian, 2009-06-20

Places where smoking is prohibited in NSW will soon include cars, if any of their passengers are under the age of 16.

Billboards and print advertisements will start appearing this weekend to remind drivers and smokers of new government regulations aimed at protecting children from tobacco smoke.

The new laws come into effect on July 1.

"The advertisements will hammer home the message that from July 1, drivers and smokers will be banned from smoking in cars when a child or passenger under the age of 16 is present," Minister assisting the Minister for Health (Cancer) Jodi McKay said in a statement on Saturday.

"Any driver or passenger who is caught violating this new law could attract a $250 on-the-spot fine from NSW Police."

Cattaraugus Co. Proposes Smoking Ban in Cars with Kids
WGRZ-TV - May 29, 2009

Some Cattaraugus County legislators want to make it illegal to light up with kids in the car.

"My main issue is that children don't have a say, especially if they're under six years old. They're strapped in a seat, can't relocate in a car, which wouldn't be good [because there's] smoke in the whole vehicle," said legislator William Sprague, who proposed the smoking ban several weeks ago.

The proposed law passed the human services committee as expected, but it's being held up in the public safety committee as legislators await answers to some of their questions, such as how the law will be enforced and how much the fine will be. ...

Quebec is considering a law banning smoking in vehicles with a minor present
Canadian Press, 2009-05-24

Health Minister Yves Bolduc supports a proposal put forward during a provincial Liberal council meeting in Montreal this past weekend.

He brushed off concerns that the eventual legislation could be criticized for trampling on individual rights.

He says lighting up is a choice but inhaling second-hand smoke often isn't. ...

Smoking may be restricted more
Olean Times Herald - May 20, 2009

LITTLE VALLEY - A Cattaraugus County lawmaker wants to prohibit adults from smoking in vehicles carrying children. William Sprague, D-Yorkshire, has introduced a local law that would ban adults from smoking while driving in Cattaraugus County when children are in the vehicle. The proposed local law goes before the Public Safety, Human Services and Finance committees on Wednesday night (May 20).

I’ve been thinking about it for a long time,” Mr. Sprague said in an interview Monday. “I see it all the time.”

Second-hand smoke isn’t good for anyone, he added, especially young children whose lungs are still developing.

More than 25 years ago, Mr. Sprague first proposed banning smoking in the County Legislature chambers on the third floor of the County Center.

“They said it would never pass,” he said. “It was so blue (from the smoke) in there, you couldn’t see.” ...

New law could ban drivers from smoking with kids in car
WHDH-TV - May 11, 2009

BOSTON -- Smokers in vehicles may soon have to "butt out" if kids are in the car.

Representative Denis Guyer is looking to make it illegal for parents to smoke with children under the age of 18 in the car.

The law is aimed at protecting kids from the dangers of secondhand smoke. ...

An Experimental Investigation of Tobacco Smoke Pollution in Cars
Sendzik, T.; Fong, G.T.; Travers, M.J.; Hyland, A.
Nicotine and Tobacco Research. April 7, 2009, [Epub ahead of print]

INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoke pollution (TSP) has been identified as a serious public health threat. Although the number of jurisdictions that prohibit smoking in public places has increased rapidly, just a few successful attempts have been made to pass similar laws prohibiting smoking in cars, where the cabin space may contribute to concentrated exposure. In particular, TSP constitutes a potentially serious health hazard to children because of prolonged exposure and their small size. METHODS: The present study investigated the levels of TSP in 18 cars via the measurement of fine respirable particles (<2.5 microns in diameter or PM(2.5)) under a variety of in vivo conditions. Car owners smoked a single cigarette in their cars in each of five controlled air-sampling conditions. Each condition varied on movement of the car, presence of air conditioning, open windows, and combinations of these airflow influences. RESULTS: Smoking just a single cigarette in a car generated extremely high average levels of PM(2.5): more than 3,800 mug/m(3) in the condition with the least airflow (motionless car, windows closed). In moderate ventilation conditions (air conditioning or having the smoking driver hold the cigarette next to a half-open window), the average levels of PM(2.5) were reduced but still at significantly high levels (air conditioning = 844 mug/m(3); holding cigarette next to a half-open window = 223 mug/m(3)). DISCUSSION: This study demonstrates that TSP in cars reaches unhealthy levels, even under realistic ventilation conditions, lending support to efforts occurring across a growing number of jurisdictions to educate people and prohibit smoking in cars in the presence of children.

Children harmed by smoke in cars
A study by Irish doctors claims passive smoking in vehicles gives rise to significant respiratory symptoms in children
Times Of London (uk), 2009-04-19
Jan Battles

Irish doctors claim they have found evidence that exposure to "second-hand smoke" in cars is damaging children's health.

Their study isolated the effects of passive smoking in cars and found it gives rise to significant respiratory symptoms in children. Those exposed to cigarette smoke had a 35% increased risk of having wheeze symptoms and a 30% higher risk of hay fever.

"This paper is the first to isolate exposure in cars as distinct from the children smoking themselves and from exposure at home," said Luke Clancy, the director general of the Research Institute for a Tobacco Free Society, and one of the study's authors.

"We find second-hand smoke in cars does give rise to significant symptoms in these children. People say they're only going down the road to school and 'how do we know that it's actually doing any harm?'. This says, 'yes it is'."

Clancy, a respiratory consultant, claims the findings support calls for a ban on smoking in cars similar to the workplace ban.

Second hand smoke exposure in cars and respiratory health effects in children
Z. Kabir, P.J. Manning, J. Holohan, S. Keogan, P.G. Goodman, and L. Clancy
Eur. Respir. J., published online before print April 8, 2009 as doi:doi:10.1183/09031936.00167608

Overall 14.8% (13.9% in boys, 15.4% in girls) of Irish children aged 13–14 years were exposed to SHS in cars. Although there was a tendency towards increased likelihood of both respiratory and allergic symptoms with SHS exposure in cars, wheeze and hay fever symptoms were significantly higher (AOR with 95% CI: 1.35 [1.08–1.70] and 1.30 [1.01–1.67]), respectively, while bronchitis symptoms and asthma were not significant (1.33 [0.92–1.95] and 1.07 [0.81–1.42]), respectively.

Approximately one in seven Irish school children are exposed to SHS in cars and could have adverse respiratory health effects. Further studies are imperative to explore such associations across different population settings.

Quebec may ban smoking in cars with children present
Canada.com - April 14, 2009

MONTREAL - The Quebec government is considering banning smoking in cars when children under age 16 are present, an aide to Quebec Health Minister Yves Bolduc says.

Marie-Eve Bedard said Tuesday that Bolduc is ``particularly favourable'' to such a measure, which wouldn't take effect until May 2010, by which time the current anti-tobacco law is to have been reviewed and updated.

Bolduc is meeting with public health officials this week to review the anti- tobacco law and its application before deciding what new measures might be added, she said.

``This is a tool that is being used in other provinces,'' she said. ``It's a question of seeing how this would be applied, since the car is considered a private space. It might require changes to legislation, but if we can improve the health of people we'll do it. That's the aim of the anti-tobacco law.''

Bill banning smoking in cars carrying children passes House
The Register-Guard - April 9, 2009

SALEM — Oregon could become the fifth state in the nation where smoking in a car with children on board could result in a traffic ticket.

The House on Wednesday passed House Bill 2385, which creates the offense of smoking in a motor vehicle with a person under age 17 also in the vehicle. Those convicted a first time could be fined up to $90. Second-time offenders could be fined up to $180, and someone cited a third time could be hit with a fine of up to $360.

The bill passed on a largely partisan vote, 35-25, with most Democrats backing it and most Republicans in opposition. Lane County representatives followed party lines. ...

Legislature Vote on Smoking Ban
KXMC - April 1, 2009

Smokers are banned from lighting up in many public places but they'll be able to continue to smoking in their vehicles...

The North Dakota House voted to defeat a bill to ban smoking in cars when children under the age of 16 are in the vehicle.

It would have been a $50 fine.

No Fines For Drivers Smoking With Kids In The Car
AP, 2009-04-02

For now, there will be no fines for Tennessee drivers smoking with children in the car, as two proposals with that aim failed in Nashville.

One bill was withdrawn from consideration in the House General Subcommittee of Agriculture on Wednesday, and the other failed for lack of a motion.

NB to ban smoking in cars with kids
The Northern Light - March 30, 2009

FREDERICTON - The provincial government is going to pass a law making it illegal to smoke in vehicles carrying children, the Times & Transcript has learned.

Health Minister Mike Murphy confirmed he will make an announcement this afternoon to outline legislation that would ban New Brunswickers from smoking in cars with children under the age of 16.

"Secondary smoke has been proven as a cause of illness amongst children and adults," said Murphy.

The ban will also promote public awareness of the dangers of smoking, said Murphy.

The provincial government doesn't plan to hire anyone to enforce the ban, he said, adding it's simply another ticketable offence that peace officers will oversee.

Monroe Co. bans smoking in car with kids
Indianapolis Star - March 27, 2009

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. — The Monroe County commissioners have approved an expansion of the county’s smoking ban to prohibit smoking in vehicles carrying children.

Commissioners voted 2-1 in favor of the ban at a meeting today, one day after the county’s Board of Health unanimously recommended the move.

The ordinance will carry a fine of $100 for a person caught smoking in a vehicle carrying a child age 13 or younger. Police officers would not be able to stop a car just to enforce the ordinance.

Support for smoke ban in cars containing children
ABC Online - March 26, 2009

The ACT Government will push to ban smoking in cars where children are present after it received strong support from the community.

ACT Health received 48 submissions in relation to managing smoking in cars where children under 16 are present, with three-quarters of respondents supporting a ban. ...

NH House Kills Ban on Smoking in Car With Kids
WCAX - March 25, 2009

The New Hampshire House rejected a ban on smoking in the car with kids because it is a violation of the adults' civil liberties.

Critics of the bill also said not smoking around children is common sense and should not be legislated.

But supporters argued the safety of children and their civil rights trump the rights of adults.

Monroe County could ban smoking in cars with kids
Chicago Tribune - March 24, 2009

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. - The Monroe County Board of Health is considering a proposal to prohibit smoking in vehicles carrying children.

The board will hold a public forum Thursday in Bloomington and county commissioners will consider the proposal on Friday.

NH House to vote on smoking ban in cars with kids
WCAX - March 23, 2009

CONCORD, N.H. (AP) - New Hampshire legislators will debate a proposed ban on smoking in cars with young passengers this week.

The bill's critics say the state shouldn't infringe on the adult drivers' use of their private property. They say not smoking around children is common sense but should not be legislated.

Supporters of the bill say keeping children safe and protecting their civil rights trumps the rights of drivers. They say children have no defense against second-hand smoke in confined places.

Fine introduced for second hand smoking in cars
Energeticcity.ca - March 18, 2009

The BC government has set $109, as the fine, for those caught smoking in vehicles with children under the age of 16.

That's the same as the province's booster seat fine and, failure to pay, will result in a refusal to issue, both a driver's licence and auto insurance.

The new regulations are set to go into effect on April 7th, which is World Health Day. Healthy Living and Sport Minister Mary Polak says, "Any level of second hand smoke has harmful effect on a child's health and, it's important for the government to help them get the best and healthiest start in life".

Lawmakers want to fine drivers who smoke with kids in car
Baltimore Sun - March 10, 2009

AP A Maryland lawmaker hopes to pass a bill that would prohibit people from smoking while driving young children around. Montgomery County Sen. ...

Smoking in cars with kids illegal, under bill
The State - March 4, 2009

Motorists who light up in the car with passengers 10 and under would be subject to a fine of up to $100, according tot a bill that passed a Senate Committee Wednesday.

The bill, which passed the Senate last year and died in the House, would allow law enforcement to pose a fine when there is clear evidence a someone has been smoking in a car with young children.

The bill's chief sponsor, Sen. Darrell Jackson, D-Richland, said the bill is intended to protect children from second-hand smoke.

The bill is still expected to have opposition in the House. Some members who helped kill the bill last year saw it as a slippery slope that would begin to ban smoking in private venues.

Ban on Smoking with a Child in the Car Gets Second Wind
KCPW - March 4, 2009

Legislators narrowly approved a bill yesterday to prohibit adults from smoking in a car if a child seven or younger is inside, after voting against it on Friday. Bill Sponsor Jay Seegmiller said after the bill failed last week, he worked hard to convince House Transportation Committee members of its merits, but it was their constituents that swayed legislators to reconsider the proposal. However, a representative from the Utah Eagle Forum, Michelle Seegmiller, argued the bill is not the way to solve the underlying problem.

"A person's home is private property, a car is private property, we see some enforcement issues with this bill. There are many ways that you can educate the public on this issue and you can allow people to regulate themselves," Seegmiller said.

Smoking Ban Expansion Passes NM Senate
KFOXtv.com - February 26, 2009

California, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Maine are four states in the nation that have outlawed smoking in cars with kids.

Now, Minnesota and New Mexico might join them.

The New Mexico state Senate voted to pass a bill that would expand the state’s smoking ban to cars, if kids are present.

“Smoking is bad it can kill you,” said Desert Hills Elementary School student Jordan Olivas.

As kids get into the car after school, the last thing they want to worry about is dying of second hand smoke. Olivas said he has never had to deal with it.

“Nuh uh, but I wouldn't like to,” he said.

Members of the New Mexico Legislature hope that kids don't have to worry about it too. The Senate just passed a bill that would expand New Mexico's smoking ban from public enclosed spaces to cars that have kids.

Smoking ban may expand to vehicles
KOB-TV Channel 4 (Albuquerque, NM), 2009-02-25

Smoking a cigarette in a car when children are along for the ride may soon be illegal in New Mexico.

A bill that would expand New Mexico's indoor smoking ban is now half-way to becoming law.

The fines would be the same as they are for businesses that let people smoke inside, starting at $100 and topping off at $300 for repeat offenders.

The well-known dangers of second-hand smoke propelled the bill through the Senate after a lively debate...

EDITORIAL: Smoking, cars and kids
Saint Paul (MN) Pioneer Press, 2009-02-25

Lawmaking gets a bad rap, and we all know of a bill that seems to be a fix in search of a problem. But the act of discussing and debating an idea can educate the public on a subject that hasn't fully taken hold.

We hope the attempt to ban smoking in cars where children are riding falls into the category of 'legislation-as-education.'' The bill is to have its first hearing today in a committee of the Minnesota Senate.

Getting parents and caretakers to stop smoking when young lungs are present is an important goal, and we support it. We think this law, as written, would have the effect of driving home the message without nailing drivers with a lot of tickets and fines. We admit that it raises equally good questions about the reach of government into our private lives. . . .

Many of us who would accept a no-smoking-with-kids rule for the car would be nervous about a similar law for the home. At some point, legislation must give way to education. We think this bill could do both -- protect those vulnerable breathers strapped into the back seats and stimulate the widest possible public discussion about the dangers of exposing growing lungs to secondhand smoke anywhere.

Ark. bill would ban smoking in cars with minors
Baxter Bulletin, AR - February 24, 2009

A lawmaker wants Arkansas to ban smoking in any car that has a passenger younger than 18.

Rep. Fred Allen, D-Little Rock, on Tuesday proposed expanding a state law that bans smoking in cars that have a child who is less than six years old, weighs less than 60 pounds and is in a car seat.

The smoking restriction passed in an April 2006 special session that was primarily devoted to education funding, though the Legislature also passed a workplace smoking ban then. California, Maine and Louisiana have passed similar laws.

Virginia Senate OKs Bill Barring Smoking With Kids In Car
AP, 2009-02-10

People who smoke with a minor in the car would face a $100 fine under a bill passed by the Senate. The Senate voted 30-10 Tuesday in favor of Sen. Ralph Northam's bill.

 

ND Senate Bans Smoking in Car With Children
KFYR-TV, ND - February 2, 2009

Supporters of the bill say children often don`t have a choice about whether to be in the vehicle. The law is intended to protect them from secondhand smoke.

Oregon lawmakers consider smoking ban in cars
AP, 2009-01-31

A proposed law would carry a $90 fine for the first offense and a $360 penalty the third time an adult is caught blowing smoke in a vehicle with anyone younger than 17 in the front or back seat.

The proposed law got its first public hearing Friday as legislators, physicians and public health officials agreed the state must protect children's health.

Ont. ban on smoking in cars with kids takes effect
Canada.com, Canada - January 20, 2009

A new Ontario law comes into effect Wednesday that makes it illegal to smoke in a motor vehicle in the presence of a child under age 16.

The Smoke-Free Ontario Act applies to drivers and passengers and to both moving and stationary vehicle, regardless of whether windows, sunroofs or doors are open.

The Ministry of Health says violations carry fines of up to $250 and will be enforced by police.

"This new law will protect children and youth, who are more vulnerable to the effects of second-hand smoke," said Dr. Elizabeth Richardson, medical officer of health for the City of Hamilton.

Legislative bills on the floor for Thursday
KHAS-TV, NE - January 8, 2008

A bill introduced Thursday would ban smoking in a vehicle if anyone inside is younger than 16. The goal is to keep kids safe from second–hand smoke.

Smoking in vehicles puts children’s health at risk
TheNewsTribune.com, WA - January 8, 2009

Health officials and anti- smoking advocates are looking for legislative sponsors for a bill to ban smoking in vehicles when children are present.

Washington could ban smoking in cars with children
KING5.com, January 5, 2008

Anti-smoking groups are rounding up sponsors for legislation that would outlaw smoking in vehicles when children are passengers.

A member of the Tobacco Advisory Board of Pierce County, Leonard Sanderson, told The Olympian the proposal would make it a secondary offense, meaning smoking drivers could be ticketed if they were pulled over for another offense, such as speeding.

Four other states have outlawed smoking in cars with children: California, Arkansas, Louisiana and Maine. A similar bill died in last year's session of the Washington Legislature.

Maine's smoking-in-vehicles law starts today
Bangor Daily News, September 1, 2008

Maine today joins other states and Canadian provinces that have made it illegal to smoke in a car while children are present. But for the first year the law is in effect, violators will only get warnings.

A law passed by the Legislature earlier this year outlaws smoking in cars while youths under 16 are present. It's modeled after a tougher Bangor ordinance. California, Arkansas and Louisiana have passed similar laws, as have Puerto Rico and some Canadian provinces. Other states have also looked at the proposal.

When he signed Maine's bill into law in April, Gov. John Baldacci hailed the legislation as a strike against secondhand smoke, saying that tobacco use costs too many lives and too much money.

Putting smoking in cars to the test
Los Angeles Times, January 4, 2008

California demonstration promotes the state's new ban on tobacco use in cars with minors.

Smoking a cigarette in a car makes the air inside 10 to 30 times more toxic than the air outdoors on one of Southern California's most polluted days.

On Thursday, state officials put on a live demonstration of that health hazard to promote a new law that bans smoking in cars carrying minors.

Neil Klepeis, a Stanford University environmental health scientist, attached sensors to the dashboard of a 1999 Toyota Corolla parked on the lot of the Hollywood United Methodist Church. He attached additional sensors to a child safety seat in the back.

Stanford researchers measure secondhand smoke concentrations in automobiles
Stanford University News, August 29, 2007

It's Labor Day weekend and you have packed the family into the car for the two-hour drive to grandma's house. Because of the heat, you crank the AC and keep the windows closed. The problem is you are a smoker and after just two cigarettes you will have exposed your spouse and kids to particulates at a level well above government safety standards. That's the bottom-line finding of measurements recently published by engineering researchers at Stanford University.

"This is the most comprehensive set of measurements ever made of vehicle air change rates and smoke particulate levels in real driving conditions," says Neil Klepeis, a consulting professor of civil and environmental engineering (CEE) at Stanford. Klepeis co-authored the study published online July 18 in the Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. "Conditions in a car with a smoker can vary widely, but in some situations we can confirm that passengers will receive an exposure to secondhand smoke that is considered unhealthful."

Co-author Wayne Ott, also a CEE consulting professor who worked for decades as a scientist at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), noted that legislation banning smoking in cars with children present passed in Arkansas last year and has been considered in seven other states. ..

Maine City Bans Smoking in Cars with Children
New York Times, January 19, 2007

Bangor is banning smoking in cars if children are present, and Ms. Henderson, 24, is accustomed to having a cigarette when her boyfriend's 7-year-old daughter is in the back seat.

She is just the kind of person City Council members had in mind when they passed the ordinance, which has delighted some and angered others and prompted complaints about invasion of privacy and even threats to boycott the city, Maine's second-largest. The ordinance, which takes effect on Jan. 19, allows the police to stop cars if an adult is smoking while a child under 18 is a passenger. The smoker can be fined $50.

"I've heard people say it's the smoke police or the Gestapo," said Mayor Richard D. Greene, a pack-a-day smoker who says he shields his two children from his cigarette fumes. "I think it boils down to common sense: smoking is not good for you. Certainly if you have young children who are in the process of developing and growing, it's even worse for them. You wouldn't say, 'Hey, here's a bottle of mercury. Go bob it around.' "

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