This partial bibliography of studies is provided for informational purposes only. It should not be considered to replace medical advice from your physician, nor should it be considered as a list of every existing study on this topic. The ANR Foundation is unable to provide copies of any of the studies. Links to either the study’s abstract or full text are provided when available. The citations referenced below are presented without comment regarding the source, including any potential conflict of interest. Due diligence is recommended in researching the source of any given study before relying on its conclusions.

Repace, J., “Quantifying risk to flight attendants from secondhand smoke exposure in airline cabins using pharmacokinetic modeling: a case report,” Medical Research Archives 11(7.2): July 2023

Diaz Del Valle, F.; Zakrajsek, J.K.; Min, S.J.; Koff, P.B.; Bell, H.W.; Kincaid, K.A.; Frank, D.N.; Ramakrishnan, V.; Ghosh, M.; Vandivier, R.W., “Impact of airline secondhand tobacco smoke exposure on respiratory health and lung function decades after exposure cessation,” Chest [Online ahead of print], March 7, 2022.

Wilson, N.; Jones, A.C.; Thomson, G.W., “Poor smoke-free status of airports in a country with a smoke-free goal: New Zealand,” Tobacco Control [Online ahead of print], July 24, 2020.

Lopez Medina, M.J.; Continente, X.; Soong, A.; Stillman, F.; Zheng, L.; Garcia-Esquinas, E., “E-cigarettes in airports and on flights: Europe and the US/cigarrillos electronicos en aeropuertos y en vuelos: Europa y EEUU,” Adicciones 31(3): 196-200, September 1, 2019.

Zhang, M.; Garcia, A.D.; Zamora, M.; Anderson, I.A.; Jativa, D.F., “Exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke at airport terminals,” Journal of Environmental and Public Health 2019: 9648761, February 3, 2019.

Stillman, F.A.; Soong, A.; Pang, Y.; Zheng, L.; Garcia-Esquinas, E.; Lopez, M.J.; Navas-Acien, A., “Tobacco smoke exposure in indoor and outdoor locations in airports across Europe and the United States: a cross-sectional study,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Online ahead of print], September 14, 2016.

Malone, R.E., “Tobacco exceptionalism in airports: time to address gaps,” Tobacco Control 24(6): 527, November 2015.

Stillman, F.A.; Soong, A.; Kleb, C.; Grant, A.; Navas-Acien, A.,
A review of smoking policies in airports around the world,” Tobacco Control 24(6): 528-531, November 2015.

Peesing, J.; Charoenca, N.; Tipayarom, A.; Kungskulniti, N.; Hamann, S.L.; Pitayarangsarit, S., “Tobacco smoke pollution from designated smoking rooms in Bangkok’s major international airport,” Environment and Natural Resources Journal 13(2): 26-32, July-December, 2015.

Stillman, F.A.; Soong, A.; Zheng, L.Y.; Navas-Acien, A., “E-cigarette use in air transit: self-reported data from US flight attendants,” Tobacco Control 24(4): 417-418, July 2015.

Liu, R.; Dix-Cooper, L.; Hammond, S.K., “Modeling flight attendants’ exposure to secondhand smoke in commercial aircraft: historical trends from 1955 to 1989,” Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 12(3): 145-155, March 2015.

McNeely, E.; Gale, S.; Tager, I.; Kincl, L.; Bradley, J.; Coull, B.; Hecker, S., “The self-reported health of U.S. flight attendants compared to the general population,” Environmental Health 13: 13, March 10, 2014.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Indoor air quality at nine large-hub airports with and without designated smoking areas – United State, October-November 2012,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report61(46): 948-951, November 23, 2012.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Smoking Restrictions in large-hub airports: United States, 2002 and 2010,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 59(45): 1484-1487, November 19, 2010.

Lee, K.; Hahn, E.J.; Robertson, H.E.; Whitten, L.; Jones, L.K.; Zahn, B., “Air quality in and around airport enclosed smoking rooms,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Online ahead of print], April 21, 2010.

Popipero, P.; Bero, L.A., “Tobacco interests or the public interest: 20 years of industry strategies to undermine airline smoking restrictions,” Tobacco Control 15(4): 323-332, August 2006.

Leavell, N.R.; Muggli, M.E.; Hurt, R.D.; Repace, J., “Blowing smoke: British American Tobacco’s air filtration scheme,” BMJ 332: 227-229, January 2006.

Pan, J.; Barbeau, E.M.; Levenstein, C.; Balbach, E.D., “Smoke-free airlines and the role of organized labor: a case study,” American Journal of Public Health 95(3): 398-404, March 2005.

Pevzner, E.S.; Davis, R.M., “Survey of airport smoking policies — United States, 2002,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 53(50): 1175-1178, December 24, 2004.

Pion, M.; Givel, M.S., “Airport smoking rooms don’t work,” Tobacco Control 13(Suppl I): i37-i40, March 2004.

Susman, E., “Frequent fumers: airport study shows smoke gets to your heart,” Environmental Health Perspectives 109(7), July 2001.

Pope, III, C.A.; Eatough, D.J.; Gold, D.R.; Pang, Y.; Nielsen, K.R.; Nath, P.; Verrier, R.L.; Kanner, R.E., “Acute exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and heart rate variability,” Environmental Health Perspectives109(7): 711-716, July 2001.