This partial bibliography of studies is provided for informational purposes only. It should not be considered to replace medical advice from your physician, nor should it be considered as a list of every existing study on this topic. The ANR Foundation is unable to provide copies of any of the studies. Links to either the study’s abstract or full text are provided when available. The citations referenced below are presented without comment regarding the source, including any potential conflict of interest. Due diligence is recommended in researching the source of any given study before relying on its conclusions.

Crosbie, E.; Snider, K.M.; McMillen, R.; Hartman, J.; Alvarez, F.; Wood, E.; Dahir, V.B., “Expanding smoke-free communities: attitudes and beliefs surrounding smoke-free casinos and bars in Washoe County, Nevada,” Journal of Hospital Management and Health Policy 4, September 2020.

Tynan, M.A.; Wang, T.W.; Marynak, K.L.; Lemos, P.; Babb, S.D., “Attitudes toward smoke-free casino policies among US adults, 2017,” Public Health Reports 134(3): 234-240, May/June 2019.

Matt, G.E.; Quintana, P.J.E.; Hoh, E.; Zakarian, J.M.; Chowdhury, Z.; Hovell, M.F.; Jacob, P.; Watanabe, K.; Theweny, T.S.; Flores, V.; Nguyen, A.; Dhaliwal, N.; Hayward, G., “A casino goes smoke free: a longitudinal study of secondhand and thirdhand smoke pollution and exposure,” Tobacco Control 27(6): 643-649, November 2018.

Clouser, J.M.; Flunker, J.C.; Swanberg, J.E.; Betz, G. “Occupational exposures and associated risk factors among US casino workers: a narrative review,” AIMS Public Health 5(4): 378–393, October 10, 2018.

Tauras, J.A.; Chaloupka, F.J.; Moor, G.; Nez-Henderson, P.; Leischow, S.J., “Effect of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act on casino admissions and revenue,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], January 19, 2018.

Zhou, Z.; Bohac, D.; Boyle, R.G., “Continuous weeklong measurements of indoor particle levels in a Minnesota tribal casino resort,” BMC Public Health 16(1): 870, August 24, 2016.

Kleipeis, N.E.; Dhaliwal, N.; Hayward, G.; Acevedo-Bolton, V.; Ott, W.R.; Read, N.: Layton, S.; Jiang, R.; Cheng, K.; Hildemann, L.M.; Repace, J.L.; Taylor, S.; Ong, S.; Buchting, F.O.; Lee, J.P.; Moore, R.S., “Measuring indoor air quality and engaging California Indian stakeholders at theWin-River Resort and Casino: collaborative smoke-free policy development,”International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(1): 143, January 2016.

Few, J.R.; Bartter, T.; Steliga, M.; Donald, K.; Wheeler, G; Bartter, T.; Andersen, J., “Particulate exposure at two Arkansas racinos; unsafe environments?,” Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society 112(7): 117-118, November 2015.

Shamo, F.; Wilson, T.; Kiley, J.; Repace, J., “Assessing the effect of Michigan’s Smoke-Free Law on air quality inside restaurants and casinos: a before-and-after observational study,” BMJ Open5(7): e007530, July 16, 2015.

Babb, S.; McNeil, C.; Kruger, J.; Tynan, M.A., “Secondhand smoke and smoking restrictions in casinos: a review of the
evidence
,” Tobacco Control 24(1): 11-17, January 2015.

Glantz, S.A.; Gibbs, E., “Changes in ambulance calls following implementation of a smokefree law and its extension to casinos,” Circulation [Epub ahead of print], August 5, 2013.

Cochran, C.; Henriques, D.; York, N.; Lee, K., “Risk of exposure to second hand smoke for adolescents in Las Vegas casinos: an evaluation of the Nevada Clean Indoor Air Act,” Journal of Health and Human Services Administration 35(2): 231-252, Fall 2012.

Klepeis, N.E.; Omoto, J.; Ong, S.; Sahota Omoto, H.; Dhaliwal, N., “Small proportions of actively-smoking patrons and high PM2.5 levels in southern California tribal casinos: support for smoking bans or designated smoking areas,” BMC Public Health 12: 819, September 22, 2012.

Repace, J.L.; Jiang, R.; Acevedo-Bolton, V.; Cheng, K.; Klepeis, N.E.; Ott, W.R.; Hildemann, L.M., “Fine particle air pollution and secondhand smoke exposures and risks inside 66 US casinos,” Environmental Research 111(4): 473-484, May 2011.

Achutan, C.; West, C.; Mueller, C.; Bernert, J.T.; Bernard, B., “Environmental tobacco smoke exposure among casino dealers,” Journal of Occupational and Enviromental Medicine 53(4): 346-351, April 2011.

Achutan, C.; West, C.; Mueller, C.; Boudreau, Y.; Mead, K., “Environmental and biological assessment of environmental tobacco smoke exposure among casino dealers: Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 2005-0076; 2005-0201-3080 Bally’s, 86 Paris, and Caesars Palace Casinos Las Vegas, Nevada May 2009,” Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Centers for Disease Control (CDC), National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), May 2009.