This partial bibliography of studies is provided for informational purposes only. It should not be considered to replace medical advice from your physician, nor should it be considered as a list of every existing study on this topic. The ANR Foundation is unable to provide copies of any of the studies. Links to either the study’s abstract or full text are provided when available. The citations referenced below are presented without comment regarding the source, including any potential conflict of interest. Due diligence is recommended in researching the source of any given study before relying on its conclusions.

Marbin, J.; Balk, S.J.; Gribben, V.; Groner, J., “Health disparities in tobacco use and exposure: a structural competency approach,” Pediatrics 147(1): e2020040253, January 2021.

López, J.D.; Duncan, A.; Shacham, E.; McKay, V., “Disparities in health behaviors and outcomes at the intersection of race and sexual identity among women: results from the 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,” Preventive Medicine 142: 106379, January 2021.

Tan, A.S.L.; Hanby, E.P.; Sanders-Jackson, A.; Lee, S.; Viswanath, K.; Potter, J., “Inequities in tobacco advertising exposure among young adult sexual, racial and ethnic minorities: examining intersectionality of sexual orientation with race and ethnicity,” Tobacco Control 30(1): 84-93, January 2021.

Kalousova, L.; Levy, D.; Titus, A.R.; Meza, R.; Thrasher, J.; Elliott, M.R.; Fleischer, N.L., “Cigarette taxes, prices, and disparities in current smoking in the United States,” SSM-Population Health 12: 100686, December 2020.

Shastri, S.S.; Talluri, R.; Shete, S., “Disparities in secondhand smoke exposure in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2018,” JAMA Internal Medicine [Epub ahead of print], November 23, 2020.

Gagné, T.; Lapalme, J.; Ghenadenik, A.E.; O’Loughlin, J.L.; Frohlich, K., “Socioeconomic inequalities in secondhand smoke exposure before, during and after implementation of Quebec’s 2015 ‘An Act to Bolster Tobacco Control’,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], October 28, 2020.

Parks, M.J.; Patrick, M.E.; Levy, D.T.; Thrasher, J.F.; Elliott, M.R.; Fleischer, N.L., “Tobacco taxation and its prospective impact on disparities in smoking initiation and progression among young adults,” Journal of Adolescent Health [Epub ahead of print], October 8, 2020.

Xie, L.; Rao, D.R.; Harrell, M.B.; Vidot, D.C.; Gelfand, A.; Sterling, K.; Messiah, S.E., “Ethnic disparities in the e-cigarette use epidemic and childhood asthma in the US,” Pediatric Pulmonology 55(10): 2498-2500, October 2020.

Nguyen-Grozavu, F.T.; Pierce, J.P.; Sakuma, K.K.; Leas, E.C.; McMenamin, S.; Kealey, S.; Benmarhnia, T.; Emery, S.L.; White, M.M.; Fagan, P.; Trinidad, D.R., “Widening disparities in cigarette smoking by race/ethnicity across education level in the United States,” Preventive Medicine 139: 106220, October 2020.

Parks, M.J.; Kegler, M.C.; Kingsbury, J.H.; Borowsky, I.W., “Reducing socioeconomic disparities in comprehensive smoke-free rules among households with children: a pilot intervention implemented through a national cancer program,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(18): 6787, September 17, 2020.

Shokoohi, M.; Salway, T.; Ahn, B.; Ross, L.E., “Disparities in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among bisexual people: a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], September 15, 2020.

Berg, C.J.; Yang, Y.T.; Pratt-Chapman, M.L.; Evans, W.D.; Cupertino, A.; Horn, K.; Bernat, D.H.; Abroms, L.C.; Tercyak, K.P., “Campus tobacco control policies and cessation interventions in college students: a commentary calling for research and action to address tobacco-related health disparities,” Translational Behavioral Medicine [Epub ahead of print], September 7, 2020.

Ji, X.; Cox, S.; Grosse, S.D.; Barfield, W.D.; Armour, B.S.; Courtney‐Long, E.A.; Li, R., “Association of smoke‐free laws with preterm or low birth weight deliveries—a multistate analysis,” Health Services Research [Epub ahead of print], September 2, 2020.

Daley, A.; Rahman, M.; Watson, B., “Racial/ethnic differences in light of 100% smoke-free state laws: evidence from adults in the United States,” Population Health Management [Epub ahead of print], July 7, 2020.

Caryl, F.; Shortt, N.K.; Pearce, J.; Reid, G.; Mitchell, R., “Socioeconomic inequalities in children’s exposure to tobacco retailing based on individual-level GPS data in Scotland,” Tobacco Control 29(4): 367-373, July 2020.

Chido-Amajuoyi, O.G.; Ozigbu, C.E.; Zhang, K., “School proximity and census tract correlates of e-cigarette specialty retail outlets (vape shops) in central Texas,” Preventive Medicine Reports 18: 101079, June 2020.

Agaku, I.T.; Odani, S.; Okuyemi, K.S.; Armour, B., “Disparities in current cigarette smoking among US adults, 2002–2016,” Tobacco Control 29(3): 269-276, May 2020.

Fleischer, N.L.; Donahoe, J.T.; McLeod, M.C.; Thrasher, J.F.; Levy, D.T.; Elliott, M.R.; Meza, R.; Patrick, M.E., “Taxation reduces smoking but may not reduce smoking disparities in youth,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], April 8, 2020.

Montreuil, A.; Wellman, R.J.; O’Loughlin, J.L., “Single-parent status and smoke-free home rules among daily smokers,” Canadian Journal of Public Health 111(2): 297-304, April 2020.

Mills, S.D.; Golden, S.D.; Queen, T.L.; Kong, A.Y.; Ribisl, K.M., “Are state-level income-based disparities in adult smoking declining?,” Preventive Medicine 113: 106019, April 2020.

Cunningham, J.K.; Ritchey, J.; Arambula Solomon, T.G., “With socioeconomic status controlled, cigarette use is lower among American Indians/Alaska Natives than whites,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence [Epub ahead of print], March 4, 2020.

Prochaska, J.J.; Hazarika Watts, M.; Zellers, L.; Huang, D.; Daza, E.J.; Rigdon, J.; Peters, M.J.; Henriksen, L., “Inequity in California’s smokefree workplace laws: a legal epidemiologic analysis of loophole closures,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 58(1): e71-e78, March 1, 2020.

Escobedo, P.; Tsai, K.Y.; Majmundar, A.; Allem, J.P.; Soto, D.W.; Pattarroyo, M.; Unger, J.B.; Cruz, T.B., “Do tobacco industry websites target content to specific demographic groups?,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence [Epub ahead of print], January 17, 2020.

Assari, S., “Association of educational attainment and race/ethnicity with exposure to tobacco advertisement among US young adults,” JAMA Network Open 3(1): e1919393, January 17, 2020.

Kong, A.Y.; Queen, T.L.; Golden, S.D.; Ribisl, K.M., “Neighborhood disparities in the availability, advertising, promotion, and youth appeal of little cigars and cigarillos, United States, 2015,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], January 9, 2020.

Venugopal, P.D.; Morse, A.L.; Tworek, C.; Chang, H.W., “Socioeconomic disparities in vape shop density and proximity to public schools in the conterminous United States, 2018,” Health Promotion Practice 21(1_suppl): 9S-17S, January 7, 2020.

Rose, S.W.; Amato, M.S.; Anesetti-Rothermel, A.; Carnegie, B.E.; Safi, Z.; Benson, A.F.; Czaplicki, L.; Simpson, R.; Zhou, Y.; Akbar, M.; Younger Gagosian, S.; Chen-Sankey, J.C.; Schillo, B.A., “Characteristics and reach equity of policies restricting flavored tobacco product sales in the United States,” Health Promotion Practice 21(1_suppl): 44S-53S, January 2020.

Gatzke-Kopp, L.M.; Willoughby, M.T.; Warkentien, S.M.; O’Connor, T.; Granger, D.A.; Blair, C., “Magnitude and chronicity of environmental smoke exposure across infancy and early childhood in a sample of low-income children,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 21(12): 1665-1672, December 2019.

Hafez, A.Y.; Gonzalez, M.; Kulik, M.C.; Vijayaraghavan, M.; Glantz, S.A., “Uneven access to smoke-free laws and policies and its effect on health equity in the United States: 2000-2019,” American Journal of Public Health 109(11): 1568-1575, November 1, 2019.

Dutra, L.M.; Farrelly, M.C.; Nonnemaker, J.; Bradfield, B.; Gaber, J.; Patel, M.; Hair, E.C., “Differential relationship between tobacco control policies and U.S. adult current smoking by poverty,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(21): 4130, October 26, 2019.

Hernandez, E.M.; Vuolo, M.; Frizzell, L.C.; Kelly, B.C., “Moving upstream: the effect of tobacco clean air restrictions on educational inequalities in smoking among young adults,” Demography 56(5): 1693-1721, October 2019.

Fallin-Bennett, A.; Aleshire, M.; Scott, T.; Lee, Y.O., “Marketing of e-cigarettes to vulnerable populations: an emerging social justice issue,” Perspectives in Psychiatric Care 55(4): 584-591, October 2019.

Holmes, L.M.; Llamas, J.D.; Smith, D.; Ling, P.M., “Drifting tobacco smoke exposure among young adults in multiunit housing,” Journal of Community Health [Epub ahead of print], September 18, 2019.

Chu, A.K.; Kaufman, P.; Chaiton, M., “Prevalence of involuntary environmental cannabis and tobacco smoke exposure in multiunit housing,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health [Epub ahead of print], September 10, 2019.

Rhoades, D.A.; Comiford, A.L.; Dvorak, J.D.; Ding, K.; Driskill, L.M.; Hopkins, A.M.; Spicer, P.; Wagener, T.L.; Doescher, M.P., “Dual versus never use of e-cigarettes among American Indians who smoke,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 57(3): e59-e68, September 2019.

Giovenco, D.P.; Spillane, T.E.; Mauro, C.M.; Hernández, D., “Evaluating the impact and equity of a tobacco-free pharmacy law on retailer density in New York City neighbourhoods,” Tobacco Control 28(5): 548-554, September 2019.

Maddox, R.; Waa, A.; Lee, K.; Nez Henderson, P.; Blais, G.; Reading, J.; Lovett, R., “Commercial tobacco and indigenous peoples: a stock take on Framework Convention on Tobacco Control progress,” Tobacco Control 28(5): 574–581, September 2019.

Johnson, S.E.; O’Brien, E.K.; Coleman, B.; Tessman, G.K.; Hoffman, L.; Delahanty, J., “Sexual and gender minority U.S. youth tobacco use: Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study Wave 3, 2015-2016,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 57(2): 256-261, August 2019.

Buettner-Schmidt, K.; Miller, D.R.; Maack, B., “Disparities in rural tobacco use, smoke-free policies, and tobacco taxes,” Western Journal of Nursing Research 41(8): 1184-1202, August 2019.

Schroth, K.R.J., “Increasing price and reducing access to tobacco in New York City,” Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 47(Suppl.2): 87-90, July 12, 2019.

Unger, J.B.; Soto, D.W.; Rendon, A.D.; Baezconde-Garbanati, L.; Cruz, T.B., “Empowering Hispanic multiunit housing residents to advocate for smokefree policies: a randomized controlled trial of a culturally tailored fotonovela intervention,” Health Equity 3(1): 198-204, July 2019.

Delgado Rendon, A.; Cruz, T.B.; Baezconde-Garbanati, L.; Soto, C.; Unger, J.B., “Managers’ practices of tobacco and marijuana smoking: policies in Hispanic-occupied multiunit housing,” Health Equity 3(1): 304-311, July 2019.

Smith, P.H.; Assefa, B.; Kainth, S.; Salas-Ramirez, K.Y.; McKee, S.A.; Giovino, G.A., “Use of mentholated cigarettes and likelihood of smoking cessation in the United States: a meta-analysis,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], June 17, 2019.

Leventhal, A.M.; Bello, M.S.; Galstyan, E.; Higgins, S.T.; Barrington-Trimis, J.L., “Association of cumulative socioeconomic and health-related disadvantage with disparities in smoking prevalence in the United States, 2008 to 2017,” JAMA Internal Medicine 179(6): 777-785, June 1, 2019.

Merianos, A.L.; Jandarov, R.A.; Choi, K.; Mahabee-Gittens, E.M., “Tobacco smoke exposure disparities persist in U.S. children: NHANES 1999-2014,” Preventive Medicine 123: 138-142, June 2019.

Mills, S.D.; Golden, S.D.; Henriksen, L.; Kong, A.Y.; Queen, T.L.; Ribisl, K.M., “Neighbourhood disparities in the price of the cheapest cigarettes in the USA,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health [Epub ahead of print], May 23, 2019.

Wheldon, C.W.; Wiseman, K.P., “Tobacco use among transgender and gender non-conforming adults in the United States,” Tobacco Use Insights 12: 1179173X19849419 [Epub ahead of print], May 23, 2019.

McNeely, E.; Mordukhovich, I.; Staffa, S.; Tideman, S.; Coull, B., “Legacy health effects among never smokers exposed to occupational secondhand smoke,” PLoS One 14(4): e0215445, April 18, 2019.

Stallings-Smith, S.; Ballantyne, T., “Ever use of e-cigarettes among adults in the United States: a cross-sectional study of sociodemographic factors,” Inquiry 56: 46958019864479, January-December, 2019.

Tsai, J.; Homa, D.M.; Gentzke, A.S.; Mahoney, M.; Sharapova, S.R.; Sosnoff, C.S.; Caron, K.T.; Wang, L.; Melstrom, P.C.; Trivers, K.F., “Exposure to secondhand smoke among nonsmokers — United States, 1988–2014,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 67(48): 1342–1346, December 7, 2018.

Hemsing, N.; Greaves, L., “New challenges: developing gendered and equitable responses to involuntary exposures to electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and cannabis vaping,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(10): e2097, September 25, 2018.

Buettner-Schmidt, K.; Boursaw, B.; Lobo, M.L., “Place and policy: secondhand smoke exposure in bars and restaurants,” Nursing Research 67(4): 324–330, July-August 2018.

Vijayaraghavan, M.; Benmarnhia, T.; Pierce, J.P.; White, M.M.; Kempster, J.; Shi, Y.; Trinidad, D.R.; Messer, K., “Income disparities in smoking cessation and the diffusion of smoke-free homes among U.S. smokers: results from two longitudinal surveys,” PLOS ONE, July 27, 2018.

Nanninga, S.; Lehne, G.; Ratz, T.; Bolte, G., “Impact of public smoking bans on social inequalities in children’s exposure to tobacco smoke at home: an equity-focused systematic review,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], July 7, 2018.

Lee, J.; Schram, A.; Riley, E.; Harris, P.; Baum, F.; Fisher, M.; Freeman, T.; Friel, S., “Addressing health equity through action on the social determinants of health: a global review of policy outcome evaluation methods,” International Journal of Health Policy and Management 7(7): 581-592, July 2018.

de Groot, P.M.; Wu, C.C.; Carter, B.W.; Munden, R.F., “The epidemiology of lung cancer,” Translational Lung Cancer Research 7(3): 220-233, June 2018.

Maclean, J.C.; Oney, M.; Marti, J.; Sindelar, J., “What factors predict the passage of state-level e-cigarette regulations?,” Health Economics 27(5): 897-907, May 2018.

Schauer, G.L.; Peters, E.N.; Rosenberry, Z.; Kim, H., “Trends in and characteristics of marijuana and menthol cigarette use among current cigarette smokers, 2005-2014,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 20(3): 362-369, March 2018.

St. Claire, A.W.; Amato, M.S.; Boyle, R.G.; Rode, P.; Kinney, A.M., “Secondhand smoke exposure 7 years after an indoor smoke-free law,” American Journal of Health Promotion 32(1): 131-134, January 2018.

Golden, S.D.; Kong, A.Y.; Lee, J.G.L.; Ribisl, K.M., “Disparities in cigarette tax exposure by race, ethnicity, poverty status and sexual orientation, 2006–2014, USA,” Preventive Medicine 108: 137-144, March 2018.

Lowrie, C.; Pearson, A.L.; Thomson, G., “Inequities in coverage of smokefree space policies within the United States,” BMC Public Health 18: 736, 2018.

Mills, S.D.; Henriksen, L.; Golden, S.D.; Kurtzman, R.; Kong, A.Y.; Queen, T.L.; Ribisl, K.M., “Disparities in retail marketing for menthol cigarettes in the United States, 2015,” Health & Place 53: 62-70, 2018.

Kava, C.M.; Parker, E.A.; Baquero, B.; Curry, S.J.; Gilbert, P.A.; Sauder, M.; Sewell, D.K., “A qualitative assessment of the smoking policies and cessation activities at smaller workplaces,” BMC Public Health 18: 1094, 2018.

Shenassa, E.D.; Rossen, L.M.; Cohen, J.; Morello-Frosch, R.; Payne-Sturges, D.C., “Income inequality and U.S. children’s secondhand smoke exposure: distinct associations by race-ethnicity,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 19(11): 1292–1299, November 1, 2017.

Villanti, A.C.; Johnson, A.L.; Rath, J.M., “Beyond education and income: identifying novel socioeconomic correlates of cigarette use in U.S. young adults,” Preventive Medicine 104: 63-70, November 2017.

Montreuil, A.; Hanusaik, N.; Cantinotti, M.; Leclerc, B.S.; Kestens, Y.; Tremblay, M.; Cohen, J.; McGrath, J.; Datta, G.D.; O’Loughlin, J.L., “Social disparities in children’s exposure to secondhand smoke in privately owned vehicles,” Tobacco Control 26(6): 663-668, November 2017.

Wintemberg, J.; McElroy, J.A.; Ge, B.; Everett, K.D., “Can smoke-free policies reduce tobacco use disparities of sexual and gender minorities in Missouri?,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 19(11): 1308–1314, November 2017.

Asfar, T.; Arheart, K.L.; Koru-Sengul, T.; Byrne, M.M.; Dietz, N.A.; Jeng Chen, C.; Lee, D.J., “National estimates and correlates of secondhand smoke exposure in US cancer survivors,” Journal of Cancer Survivorship 11(4): 469-476, August 2017.

Larson, E.; Santos, B., “Disparities in secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmoking adults in Rhode Island: tobacco control’s pro-equity approach,” Rhode Island Medical Journal 100(5): 40-42, May 1, 2017.
Abstract Unavailable.

Vijayaraghavan, M.; Hurst, S.; Pierce, J.P., “A qualitative examination of smoke-free policies and electronic cigarettes among sheltered homeless adults,” American Journal of Health Promotion 31(3): 243-350, May 2017.

Ribisl, K.M.; Luke, D.A.; Henriksen, L., “The case for a concerted push to reduce place-based disparities in smoking-related cancers,” JAMA Internal Medicine 176(12): 1799-1800, December 1, 2016.

Henley, S.J.; Thomas, C.C.; Sharapova, S.R.; Momin, B.; Massetti, G.M.; Winn, D.M.; Armour, B.S.; Richardson, L.C., “Vital signs: disparities in tobacco-related cancer incidence and mortality — United States, 2004–2013,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 65(44): 1212-1218, November 11, 2016.

Perlman, S.E.; Chernov, C.; Farley, S.M.; Greene, C.M.; Aldous, K.M.; Freeman, A.; Rodriguez-Lopez, J.; Thorpe, L.E., “Exposure to secondhand smoke among nonsmokers in New York City in the context of recent tobacco control policies: current status, changes over the past decade, and national comparisons,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 18(11): 2065-2074, November 2016.

Raghuveer, G.; White, D.A.; Hayman, L.L.; Woo, J.G.; Villafane, J.; Celemajer, D.; Ward, K.D.; de Ferranti, S.D.; Zachariah, J., “Cardiovascular consequences of childhood secondhand tobacco smoke exposure: prevailing evidence, burden, and racial and socioeconomic disparities — a scientific statement from the American Heart Association,” Circulation 134(16): e336-e359, October 18, 2016.

Nguyen, K.H.; Marshall, L.; Brown, S.; Neff, L., “State-specific prevalence of current cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco use among adults — United States, 2014,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 65(39): 1045-1051, October 7, 2016.

Seto, J.C.; Davis, J.W.; Taira, D.A., “E-cigarette use related to demographic factors in Hawai’i,” Hawai’i Journal of Medicine & Public Health 75(10): 295-302, October 2016.

Pederson, A.; Okoli, C.T.; Hemsing, N.; O’Leary, R.; Wiggins, A.; Rice, W.; Bottorff, J.L.; Greaves, L., “Smoking on the margins: a comprehensive analysis of a municipal outdoor smoke-free policy,” BioMed Central 16: 852, August 22, 2016.

Martell, B.N.; Garrett, B.E.; Caraballo, R.S., “Disparities in adult cigarette smoking — United States, 2002–2005 and 2010–2013,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 65(30): 753–758, August 5, 2016.

Tynan, M.A.; Baker Holmes, C.; Promoff, G.; Hallett, C.; Hopkins, M.; Frick, B., “State and local comprehensive smoke-free laws for worksites, restaurants, and bars — United States, 2015,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 65(24): 623-626, June 24, 2016.

Max, W.B.; Stark, B.; Sung, H.; Offen, N., “Sexual identity disparities in smoking and secondhand smoke exposure in California: 2003-2013,” American Journal of Public Health 106(6): 1136-1142, June 2016.

Baker Holmes, C.; King, B.A.; Babb, S.D., “Stuck in neutral: stalled progress in statewide comprehensive smoke-free laws and cigarette excise taxes, United States, 2000–2014,” Preventing Chronic Disease 13(E80): 150409, June 2016.

Tran, T.T.; Yiengprugsawan, V.; Chinwong, D.; Seubsman, S.; Sleigh, A., “Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and health disparities: 8-year longitudinal findings from a large cohort of Thai adults,” BMC Public Health 15: 1217, December 8, 2015.

Roberts, M.E.; Berman, M.L.; Slater, M.D.; Hinton, A.; Ferketich, A., “Point-of-sale tobacco marketing in rural and urban Ohio: could the new landscape of tobacco products widen inequalities?,” Preventive Medicine 81: 232-235, December 2015.

Nazar, G.P.; Lee, J.T.; Arora, M.; Millett, C., “Socioeconomic inequalities in secondhand smoke exposure at home and at work in fifteen low- and middle-income countries,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], November 25, 2015.

Marchese, M.E.; Shamo, F.; Miller, C.E.; Wahl, R.L.; Li, Y., “Racial disparities in asthma hospitalizations following implementation of the Smoke-Free Air Law, Michigan, 2002-2012,” Preventing Chronic Disease 12: 150144, November 19, 2015.

Gan, W.Q.; Mannino, D.M.; Jemal, A., “Socioeconomic disparities in secondhand smoke exposure among US never-smoking adults: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-2010,”Tobacco Control 24(6): 568-573, November 2015.

Huang, J.; King, B.A.; Babb, S.D.; Xu, X.; Hallett, C.; Hopkins, M., “Sociodemographic disparities in local smoke-free law coverage in 10 states,” American Journal of Public Health 105(9): 1806-1813, September 2015.

Buettner-Schmidt, K.; Lobo, M.L.; Travers, M.J.; Boursaw, B., “Tobacco smoke exposure and impact of smoking legislation on rural and non-rural hospitality venues in North Dakota,” Research in Nursing and Health 38(4): 268–277, August 2015.

Garrett, B.E.; Dube, S.R.; Babb, S.; McAfee, T., “Addressing the social determinants of health to reduce tobacco-related disparities,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 17(8): 892–897, August 2015.

Johnson, C.Y.; Luckhaupt, S.E.; Lawson, C.C., “Inequities in workplace secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmoking women of reproductive age,” American Journal of Public Health 105(Suppl 3): e33-e40, July 2015.

Homa, D.M.; Neff, L.J.; King, B.A.; Caraballo, R.S.; Bunnell, R.E.; Babb, S.D.; Garrett, B.E.; Sosnoff, C.S.; Wang, L., “Vital signs: disparities in nonsmokers’ exposure to secondhand smoke — United States, 1999-2012,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 64(4): 103-108, February 6, 2015.

Homa, D.M.; Neff, L.J.; King, B.A.; Caraballo, R.S.; Bunnell, R.E.; Babb, S.D.; Garrett, B.E.; Sosnoff, C.S.; Wang, L., “Vital signs: disparities in nonsmokers’ exposure to secondhand smoke — United States, 1999–2012,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 64: 1-7, February 3, 2015.

Hahn, E.J.; Rayens, M.K.; Adkins, S.; Begley, K.; York, N., “A controlled community-based trial to promote smoke-free policy in rural communities,” Journal of Rural Health 31(1): 76-88, Winter, 2015.

Zhang, X.; Martinez-Donate, A.P.; Jones, N.R., “Educational disparities in home smoking bans among households with underage children in the United States: can tobacco control policies help to narrow the gap?,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 15(12): 1978-1987, December 2013.

Garrett, B.E.; Dube, S.R.; Caraballo, R.S.; Winder, C., “Cigarette smoking — United States, 2006-2008 and 2009-2010. In: CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report —

United States, 2013,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Supplement 62(3): 81-84, November 22, 2013.

Schoj, V.; Allemandi, L.; Ianovsky, O.; Lago, M.; Alderete, M., “Smoke-free environments: age, sex, and educational disparity in 25 Argentinean cities,” Cancer Causes & Control 23(10): 1607-1614, October 2012.

Pisinger, C.; Hammer-Helmich, L.; Andreasen, A.H.; Jorgensen, T.; Glumer, C., “Social disparities in children’s exposure to second hand smoke at home: a repeated cross-sectional survey,” Environmental Health [Epub ahead of print], September 17, 2012.

Schoj, V.; Allemandi, L.; Ianovsky, O.; Lago, M.; Alderete, M., “Smoke-free environments: age, sex, and educational disparity in 25 Argentinean cities,” Cancer Causes and Control [Epub ahead of print], August 1, 2012.

Shoe, E., “Tobacco-free parks: maximizing health impact in built environment planning,” New England Journal of Medicine 73(4): 287-288, July-August, 2012.

Zhang, X.; Martinez-Donate, A.P.; Kuo, D.; Jones, N.R.; Palmersheim, K.A., “Trends in home smoking bans in the USA,1995-2007: prevalence, discrepancies and disparities,” Tobacco Control 21(3): 330-336, May 2012.

Hawkins, S.S.; Chandra, A.; Berkman, L., “The impact of tobacco control policies on disparities in children’s secondhand smoke exposure: a comparison of methods,” Maternal and Child Health Journal 16(Suppl 1): S70-S77, April 2012.

Moore, G.F.; Currie, D.; Gilmore, G.; Holliday, J.C.; Moore, L., “Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood exposure to secondhand smoke before and after smoke-free legislation in three UK countries,” Journal of Public Health [Epub ahead of print], March 23, 2012.

Mangrio, E.; Hansen, K.; Lindstrom, M.; Kohler, M.; Rosvall, M., “Maternal educational level, parental preventive behavior, risk behavior, social support and medical care consumption in 8-month-old children in Malmo, Sweden,” BMC Public Health 11: 891, November 24, 2011.

Stotts, A.L.; Evans, P.W.; Green, C.E.; Northrup, T.F.; Dodrill, C.L.; Fox, J.M.; Tyson, J.E.; Hovell, M.F., “Secondhand smoke risk in infants discharged from an NICU: potential for significant health disparities?,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 13(11): 1015-1022, November 2011.

Akuete, K.; Oh, S.S.; Thyne, S.; Rodriguez-Santana, J.R.; Chapela, R.; Meade, K.; Rodriguez-Cintron, W.; LeNoir, M.; Ford, J.G.; Williams, L.K.; Avila, P.C.; Burchard, E. G.; Tcheurekdjian, H., “Ethnic variability in persistent asthma after in utero tobacco exposure,” Pediatrics 128(3): e623-e630, September 2011.

Hatzenbuehler, M.L.; Wieringa, N.F.; Keyes, K.M., “Community-level determinants of tobacco use disparities in lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth: results from a population-based study,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 165(6): 527-532, June 2011.

McElroy, J.A.; Everett, K.D.; Zaniletti, I., “An examination of smoking behavior and opinions about smoke-free environments in a large sample of sexual and gender minority community members,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 13(6): 440-448, June 2011.

Blosnich, J.R.; Jarrett, T.; Horn, K., “Racial and ethnic differences in current use of cigarettes, cigars, and hookahs among lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 13(6): 487-491, June 2011.

Trinidad, D.R.; Perez-Stable, E.J.; White, M.M.; Emery, S.L.; Messer, K., “A nationwide analysis of US racial/ethnic disparities in smoking behaviors, smoking cessation, and cessation-related factors,” American Journal of Public Health 101(4): 699-706, April 2011.

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