This partial bibliography of studies is provided for informational purposes only. It should not be considered to replace medical advice from your physician, nor should it be considered as a list of every existing study on this topic. The ANR Foundation is unable to provide copies of any of the studies. Links to either the study’s abstract or full text are provided when available. The citations referenced below are presented without comment regarding the source, including any potential conflict of interest. Due diligence is recommended in researching the source of any given study before relying on its conclusions.

Azagba, S.; Shan, L., “Disparities in the frequency of tobacco products use by sexual identity status,” Addictive Behaviors 122: 107032, November 2021.

Martins, S.S.; Segura, L.E.; Levy, N.S.; Mauro, P.M.; Mauro, C.M.; Philbin, M.M.; Hasin, D.S., “Racial and ethnic differences in cannabis use following legalization in US states with medical cannabis laws,” JAMA Network Open 4(9): e2127002, September 27, 2021.

Robson, M.; Lord, J.; Doran, T., “Estimating the equity impacts of the smoking ban in England on cotinine levels: a regression discontinuity design,” BMJ Open 11(9): e049547, September 21, 2021.

Mills, S.D.; Golden, S.D.; O’Leary, M.C.; Logan, P.; Hassmiller Lich, K., “Using systems science to advance health equity in tobacco control: a causal loop diagram of smoking,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], September 17, 2021.

Mendez, D.; Le, T.T.T., “Consequences of a match made in hell: the harm caused by menthol smoking to the African American population over 1980–2018,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], September 16, 2021.

Cwalina, S.N.; Ihenacho, U.; Barker, J.; Smiley, S.L.; Pentz, M.A.; Wipfli, H., “Advancing racial equity and social justice for Black communities in US tobacco control policy,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], September 15, 2021.

Mahabee-Gittens, E.M.; Ding, L.; Merianos, A.L.; Khoury, J.C.; Gordon, J.S., “Examination of the ‘5-2-1-0’ recommendations in racially diverse young children exposed to tobacco smoke,” American Journal of Health Promotion 35(7): 966-972, September 2021.

McAfee, T.; Malone, R.E.; Cataldo, J., “Ignoring our elders: tobacco control’s forgotten health equity issue,” Tobacco Control 30(5): 479-480, September 2021.

Sanjeevi, N.; Sachdev, P.K., “Household food insecurity and in-utero and early life smoke exposure: data from NHANES 2003-2016,” Preventive Medicine 150: 106710, September 2021.

Henriksen, L.; Schleicher, N.C.; Fortmann, S.P., “Menthol cigarettes in black neighbourhoods: still cheaper after all these years,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], August 12, 2021.

Titus, A.R.; Xie, Y.; Colston, D.C.; Patrick, M.E.; Elliott, M.R.; Levy, D.T.; Thrasher, J.F.; Fleischer, N.L., “Smoke-free laws and disparities in youth smoking in the U.S., 2001–2018,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine [Epub ahead of print], August 7, 2021.

Titus, A.R.; Xie, Y.; Thrasher, J.F.; Levy, D.T.; Elliott, M.R.; Patrick, M.E.; Fleischer, N.L., “A longitudinal analysis of smoke-free laws and smoking initiation disparities among young adults in the United States,” Addiction [Epub ahead of print], August 3, 2021.

Laffey, K.G.; Nelson, A.D.; Laffey, M.J.; Nguyen, Q.; Sheets, L.R.; Schrum, A.G., “Chronic respiratory disease disparity between American Indian/Alaska Native and white populations, 2011–2018,” BMC Public Health 21: 1466, July 28, 2021.

Colston, D.C.; Xie, Y.; Thrasher, J.F.; Emery, S.; Patrick, M.E.; Titus, A.R.; Elliott, M.R.; Fleischer, N.L., “Exploring how exposure to Truth and state-sponsored anti-tobacco media campaigns affect smoking disparities among young adults using a national longitudinal dataset, 2002-2017,” International Journal of Environmental Research And Public Health 18(15): 7803, July 23, 2021.

Ganz, O., Delnevo, C.D., “Cigarette smoking and the role of menthol in tobacco use inequalities for sexual minorities,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], July 13, 2021.

Lee, M.H.; Kim-Godwin, Y.S.; Hur, H., “Race/ethnicity differences in risk and protective factors for marijuana use among U.S. adolescents,” BMC Public Health 21(1): 1167, July 1, 2021.

Parnell, M.; Gee, I.; Foweather, L.; Whyte, G.; Knowles, Z., “Children of smoking and non-smoking households’ perceptions of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise,” Children 8(7): 552, July 2021.

Dunn, D.S.; Johnson, A.L.; Sterling, K.L.; Cohn, A.M., “Differences in reasons for little cigar/cigarillo use across white and black/African American young adult users,” Addictive Behaviors 118: 106884, July 2021.

Gearhart-Serna, L.M.; Tacam, M.; Slotkin, T.A.; Devi, G.R., “Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon intake in the US adult population from NHANES 2005-2014 identifies vulnerable subpopulations, suggests interaction between tobacco smoke exposure and sociodemographic factors,” Environmental Research [Epub ahead of print], June 30, 2021.

Grube, J.W.; Lipperman-Kreda, S.; García-Ramírez, G.; Paschall, M.J.; Abadi, M.H., “California’s tobacco 21 minimum sales age law and adolescents’ tobacco and nicotine use: differential associations among racial and ethnic groups,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], June 30, 2021.

Melamed, O.C.; Zawertailo, L.; Schwartz, R.; Buckley, L.; Selby, P., “Protecting vulnerable groups from tobacco-related harm during and following the COVID-19 pandemic,” Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada [Epub ahead of print], June 23, 2021.

Gaffney, A.W.; Himmelstein, D.U.; Christiani, D.C.; Woolhandler, S., “Socioeconomic inequality in respiratory health in the US from 1959 to 2018,” JAMA Internal Medicine [Epub ahead of print], May 28, 2021.

Sherburne Hawkins, S., “Addressing health disparities among families: policy approaches to improve infant health,” Journal of Moral Theology [Epub ahead of print], May 19, 2021.

Blank, M.D.; Ozga, J.E.; Romm, K.F.; Douglas, A.; Alexander, L.; Doogan, N.J.; Wilson, M.; Dino, G., “Geographic isolation predicts tobacco product use among youth: a latent class analysis,” Journal of Rural Health [Epub ahead of print], May 12, 2021.

Fleischer, N.L.; Donahoe, J.T.; McLeod, M.C.; Thrasher, J.F.; Levy, D.T.; Elliott, M.R.; Meza, R.; Patrick, M.E.,“Taxation reduces smoking but may not reduce smoking disparities in youth,” Tobacco Control 30(3): 264-272, May 2021.

Hoek, J.; Edwards, R.; Thomson, G.W.; Waa, A.; Wilson, N., “Tobacco excise taxes: a health and social justice measure?,” Tobacco Control 30(3): 258-259, May 2021.

Kong, A.Y.; Delamater, P.L.; Gottfredson, N.C.; Ribisl, K.M.; Baggett, C.D.; Golden, S.D., “Neighborhood inequities in tobacco retailer density and the presence of tobacco-selling pharmacies and tobacco shops,” Health Education & Behavior [Epub ahead of print], April 19, 2021.

Ho, J.T.K.; Tyndale, R.F.; Baker, T.B.; Amos, C.I.; Chiu, A.; Smock, N.; Chen, J.; Bierut, L.J.; Chen, L.S., “Racial disparities in intensity of smoke exposure and nicotine intake among low-dependence smokers,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 221: 108641, April 1, 2021.

Berg, C.J.; Yang, Y.T.; Pratt-Chapman, M.L.; Evans, W.D.; Cupertino, A.; Horn, K.; Bernat, D.H.; Abroms, L.C.; Tercyak, K.P., “Campus tobacco control policies and cessation interventions in college students: a commentary calling for research and action to address tobacco-related health disparities,” Translational Behavioral Medicine 11(4): 1030-1036, April 2021.

Kang, S.Y.; Lim, M.K.; Cho, H.J., “Trends in the socioeconomic inequalities related to second-hand smoke exposure as verified by urine cotinine levels among nonsmoking adults: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008 – 2018,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], March 25, 2021.

Schneider, S.; Lunau, T.; Eikemo, T.A.; Kotz, D.; Bambra, C.; Kuntz, B.; Dragano, N., “Better air but not for all? Changes in second-hand smoke exposure at workplaces in 29 European countries over 10 years,” European Journal of Public Health [Epub ahead of print], March 24, 2021.

Colston, D.C.; Simard, B.J.; Xie, Y.; McLeod, M.C.; Elliott, M.R.; Thrasher, J.F.; Fleischer, N.L., “The association between quitline characteristics and smoking cessation by educational attainment, income, race/ethnicity, and sex,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18: 3297, March 23, 2021.

Scherman, A.; Spindel, E.R.; Park, B.; Tepper, R.; Erikson, D.W.; Morris, C.; McEvoy, C.T., “Maternal prenatal hair cortisol is associated with child wheeze among mothers and infants with tobacco smoke exposure and who face high socioeconomic adversity,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(5): 2764, March 9, 2021.

Titus, A.R.; Thrasher, J.F.; Gamarel, K.E.; Meza, R.; Fleischer, N.L., “Smoke-free laws and disparities in secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmoking adults in the United States, 1999-2014,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], March 5, 2021.

Syamlal, G.; Clark, K.A.; Blackley, D.J.; King, B.A., “Prevalence of electronic cigarette use among adult workers — United States, 2017–2018,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 70(9): 297–303, March 5, 2021.

Islami, F.; Bandi, P.; Sahar, L.; Ma, J.; Drope, J.; Jemal, A., “Cancer deaths attributable to cigarette smoking in 152 U.S. metropolitan or micropolitan statistical areas, 2013–2017,” Cancer Causes & Control 32(3): 311-316, March 2021.

Smiley, S.L.; Cho, J.; Blackman, K.C.; Cruz, T.B.; Pentz, M.A.; Samet, J.M., “Retail marketing of menthol cigarettes in Los Angeles, California: a challenge to health equity,” Preventing Chronic Disease Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy 18: 200144, February 11, 2021.

Epperson, A.E.; Gonzalez, M.; Skorek, M.; Song, A.V., “Challenging assumptions about race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and cigarette smoking among adolescents,” Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities [Epub ahead of print], February 4, 2021.

Chu, M.T.; Gillooly, S.E.; Levy, J.I.; Vallarino, J.; Reyna, L.N.; Cedeño Laurent, J.G.; Coull, B.A.; Adamkiewicz, G., “Real-time indoor PM2.5 monitoring in an urban cohort: implications for exposure disparities and source control,” Environmental Research 193: 110561, February 2021.

Ji, X.; Cox, S.; Grosse, S.D.; Barfield, W.D.; Armour, B.S.; Courtney-Long, E.A.; Li, R., “Association of smoke‐free laws with preterm or low birth weight deliveries — a multistate analysis,” Health Services Research 56: 61–72, February 2021.

Marbin, J.; Balk, S.J.; Gribben, V.; Groner, J., “Health disparities in tobacco use and exposure: a structural competency approach,” Pediatrics 147(1): e2020040253, January 2021.

López, J.D.; Duncan, A.; Shacham, E.; McKay, V., “Disparities in health behaviors and outcomes at the intersection of race and sexual identity among women: results from the 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,” Preventive Medicine 142: 106379, January 2021.

Tan, A.S.L.; Hanby, E.P.; Sanders-Jackson, A.; Lee, S.; Viswanath, K.; Potter, J., “Inequities in tobacco advertising exposure among young adult sexual, racial and ethnic minorities: examining intersectionality of sexual orientation with race and ethnicity,” Tobacco Control 30(1): 84-93, January 2021.

Al Rifai, M.; Mirbolouk, M.; Jia, X.; Nasir, K.; Pickett, J.K.; Nambi, V.; Ballantyne, C.M.; Merchant, A.T.; Blaha, M.J.; Virani, S.S., “E-cigarette use and risk behaviors among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adults: the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Survey,” Kansas Journal of Medicine 13: 318-321, December 11, 2020.

Kalousova, L.; Levy, D.; Titus, A.R.; Meza, R.; Thrasher, J.; Elliott, M.R.; Fleischer, N.L., “Cigarette taxes, prices, and disparities in current smoking in the United States,” SSM-Population Health 12: 100686, December 2020.

Shastri, S.S.; Talluri, R.; Shete, S., “Disparities in secondhand smoke exposure in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2018,” JAMA Internal Medicine [Epub ahead of print], November 23, 2020.

Sakuma, K.K.; Pierce, J.P.; Fagan, P.; Nguyen-Grozavu, F.T.; Leas, E.C.; Messer, K.; White, M.M.; Tieu, A.S.; Trinidad, D.R., “Racial/ethnic disparities across indicators of cigarette smoking in the era of increased tobacco control, 1992- 2019,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], November 16, 2020.

Titus, A.R.; Gamarel, K.E.; Thrasher, J.F.; Meza, R.; Fleischer, N.L., “State-level structural stigma and smoking among sexual minority adults in the USA, 2012–2014,” Annals of Behavioral Medicine [Epub ahead of print], November 16, 2020.

Gagné, T.; Lapalme, J.; Ghenadenik, A.E.; O’Loughlin, J.L.; Frohlich, K., “Socioeconomic inequalities in secondhand smoke exposure before, during and after implementation of Quebec’s 2015 ‘An Act to Bolster Tobacco Control’,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], October 28, 2020.

Parks, M.J.; Patrick, M.E.; Levy, D.T.; Thrasher, J.F.; Elliott, M.R.; Fleischer, N.L., “Tobacco taxation and its prospective impact on disparities in smoking initiation and progression among young adults,” Journal of Adolescent Health [Epub ahead of print], October 8, 2020.

Xie, L.; Rao, D.R.; Harrell, M.B.; Vidot, D.C.; Gelfand, A.; Sterling, K.; Messiah, S.E., “Ethnic disparities in the e-cigarette use epidemic and childhood asthma in the US,” Pediatric Pulmonology 55(10): 2498-2500, October 2020.

Nguyen-Grozavu, F.T.; Pierce, J.P.; Sakuma, K.K.; Leas, E.C.; McMenamin, S.; Kealey, S.; Benmarhnia, T.; Emery, S.L.; White, M.M.; Fagan, P.; Trinidad, D.R., “Widening disparities in cigarette smoking by race/ethnicity across education level in the United States,” Preventive Medicine 139: 106220, October 2020.

Oates, G.R.; Baker, E.; Rowe, S.M.; Gutierrez, H.H.; Schechter, M.S.; Morgan, W.; Harris, W.T., “Tobacco smoke exposure and socioeconomic factors are independent predictors of pulmonary decline in pediatric cystic fibrosis,” Journal of Cystic Fibrosis 19(5): 783-790, September 2020.

Payne, T.J.; Hart, J.L.; Giachello, A.L.; Walker, K.L.; Wang, W.; Groom, A.; Sims, M.; Sears, C.G.; Lee, A.S.; Tompkins, L.K.; Kesh, A.; Robb, K.; Robertson, R.M., “Tobacco perceptions and practices: user groups and demographic characteristics, Mississippi, USA,” Population Medcine 2: 30, September 2020.

Parks, M.J.; Kegler, M.C.; Kingsbury, J.H.; Borowsky, I.W., “Reducing socioeconomic disparities in comprehensive smoke-free rules among households with children: a pilot intervention implemented through a national cancer program,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(18): 6787, September 17, 2020.

Shokoohi, M.; Salway, T.; Ahn, B.; Ross, L.E., “Disparities in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among bisexual people: a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], September 15, 2020.

Ji, X.; Cox, S.; Grosse, S.D.; Barfield, W.D.; Armour, B.S.; Courtney‐Long, E.A.; Li, R., “Association of smoke‐free laws with preterm or low birth weight deliveries—a multistate analysis,” Health Services Research [Epub ahead of print], September 2, 2020.

Daley, A.; Rahman, M.; Watson, B., “Racial/ethnic differences in light of 100% smoke-free state laws: evidence from adults in the United States,” Population Health Management [Epub ahead of print], July 7, 2020.

Caryl, F.; Shortt, N.K.; Pearce, J.; Reid, G.; Mitchell, R., “Socioeconomic inequalities in children’s exposure to tobacco retailing based on individual-level GPS data in Scotland,” Tobacco Control 29(4): 367-373, July 2020.

Chido-Amajuoyi, O.G.; Ozigbu, C.E.; Zhang, K., “School proximity and census tract correlates of e-cigarette specialty retail outlets (vape shops) in central Texas,” Preventive Medicine Reports 18: 101079, June 2020.

Agaku, I.T.; Odani, S.; Okuyemi, K.S.; Armour, B., “Disparities in current cigarette smoking among US adults, 2002–2016,” Tobacco Control 29(3): 269-276, May 2020.

Montreuil, A.; Wellman, R.J.; O’Loughlin, J.L., “Single-parent status and smoke-free home rules among daily smokers,” Canadian Journal of Public Health 111(2): 297-304, April 2020.

Mills, S.D.; Golden, S.D.; Queen, T.L.; Kong, A.Y.; Ribisl, K.M., “Are state-level income-based disparities in adult smoking declining?,” Preventive Medicine 113: 106019, April 2020.

Cunningham, J.K.; Ritchey, J.; Arambula Solomon, T.G., “With socioeconomic status controlled, cigarette use is lower among American Indians/Alaska Natives than whites,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence [Epub ahead of print], March 4, 2020.

Prochaska, J.J.; Hazarika Watts, M.; Zellers, L.; Huang, D.; Daza, E.J.; Rigdon, J.; Peters, M.J.; Henriksen, L., “Inequity in California’s smokefree workplace laws: a legal epidemiologic analysis of loophole closures,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 58(1): e71-e78, March 1, 2020.

Escobedo, P.; Tsai, K.Y.; Majmundar, A.; Allem, J.P.; Soto, D.W.; Pattarroyo, M.; Unger, J.B.; Cruz, T.B., “Do tobacco industry websites target content to specific demographic groups?,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence [Epub ahead of print], January 17, 2020.

Assari, S., “Association of educational attainment and race/ethnicity with exposure to tobacco advertisement among US young adults,” JAMA Network Open 3(1): e1919393, January 17, 2020.

Kong, A.Y.; Queen, T.L.; Golden, S.D.; Ribisl, K.M., “Neighborhood disparities in the availability, advertising, promotion, and youth appeal of little cigars and cigarillos, United States, 2015,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], January 9, 2020.

Venugopal, P.D.; Morse, A.L.; Tworek, C.; Chang, H.W., “Socioeconomic disparities in vape shop density and proximity to public schools in the conterminous United States, 2018,” Health Promotion Practice 21(1_suppl): 9S-17S, January 7, 2020.

Rose, S.W.; Amato, M.S.; Anesetti-Rothermel, A.; Carnegie, B.E.; Safi, Z.; Benson, A.F.; Czaplicki, L.; Simpson, R.; Zhou, Y.; Akbar, M.; Younger Gagosian, S.; Chen-Sankey, J.C.; Schillo, B.A., “Characteristics and reach equity of policies restricting flavored tobacco product sales in the United States,” Health Promotion Practice 21(1_suppl): 44S-53S, January 2020.

Gatzke-Kopp, L.M.; Willoughby, M.T.; Warkentien, S.M.; O’Connor, T.; Granger, D.A.; Blair, C., “Magnitude and chronicity of environmental smoke exposure across infancy and early childhood in a sample of low-income children,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 21(12): 1665-1672, December 2019.

Hafez, A.Y.; Gonzalez, M.; Kulik, M.C.; Vijayaraghavan, M.; Glantz, S.A., “Uneven access to smoke-free laws and policies and its effect on health equity in the United States: 2000-2019,” American Journal of Public Health 109(11): 1568-1575, November 1, 2019.

Dutra, L.M.; Farrelly, M.C.; Nonnemaker, J.; Bradfield, B.; Gaber, J.; Patel, M.; Hair, E.C., “Differential relationship between tobacco control policies and U.S. adult current smoking by poverty,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(21): 4130, October 26, 2019.

Hernandez, E.M.; Vuolo, M.; Frizzell, L.C.; Kelly, B.C., “Moving upstream: the effect of tobacco clean air restrictions on educational inequalities in smoking among young adults,” Demography 56(5): 1693-1721, October 2019.

Fallin-Bennett, A.; Aleshire, M.; Scott, T.; Lee, Y.O., “Marketing of e-cigarettes to vulnerable populations: an emerging social justice issue,” Perspectives in Psychiatric Care 55(4): 584-591, October 2019.

Holmes, L.M.; Llamas, J.D.; Smith, D.; Ling, P.M., “Drifting tobacco smoke exposure among young adults in multiunit housing,” Journal of Community Health [Epub ahead of print], September 18, 2019.

Chu, A.K.; Kaufman, P.; Chaiton, M., “Prevalence of involuntary environmental cannabis and tobacco smoke exposure in multiunit housing,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health [Epub ahead of print], September 10, 2019.

Rhoades, D.A.; Comiford, A.L.; Dvorak, J.D.; Ding, K.; Driskill, L.M.; Hopkins, A.M.; Spicer, P.; Wagener, T.L.; Doescher, M.P., “Dual versus never use of e-cigarettes among American Indians who smoke,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 57(3): e59-e68, September 2019.

Giovenco, D.P.; Spillane, T.E.; Mauro, C.M.; Hernández, D., “Evaluating the impact and equity of a tobacco-free pharmacy law on retailer density in New York City neighbourhoods,” Tobacco Control 28(5): 548-554, September 2019.

Maddox, R.; Waa, A.; Lee, K.; Nez Henderson, P.; Blais, G.; Reading, J.; Lovett, R., “Commercial tobacco and indigenous peoples: a stock take on Framework Convention on Tobacco Control progress,” Tobacco Control 28(5): 574–581, September 2019.

Johnson, S.E.; O’Brien, E.K.; Coleman, B.; Tessman, G.K.; Hoffman, L.; Delahanty, J., “Sexual and gender minority U.S. youth tobacco use: Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study Wave 3, 2015-2016,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 57(2): 256-261, August 2019.

Buettner-Schmidt, K.; Miller, D.R.; Maack, B., “Disparities in rural tobacco use, smoke-free policies, and tobacco taxes,” Western Journal of Nursing Research 41(8): 1184-1202, August 2019.

Schroth, K.R.J., “Increasing price and reducing access to tobacco in New York City,” Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 47(Suppl.2): 87-90, July 12, 2019.

Unger, J.B.; Soto, D.W.; Rendon, A.D.; Baezconde-Garbanati, L.; Cruz, T.B., “Empowering Hispanic multiunit housing residents to advocate for smokefree policies: a randomized controlled trial of a culturally tailored fotonovela intervention,” Health Equity 3(1): 198-204, July 2019.

Delgado Rendon, A.; Cruz, T.B.; Baezconde-Garbanati, L.; Soto, C.; Unger, J.B., “Managers’ practices of tobacco and marijuana smoking: policies in Hispanic-occupied multiunit housing,” Health Equity 3(1): 304-311, July 2019.

Smith, P.H.; Assefa, B.; Kainth, S.; Salas-Ramirez, K.Y.; McKee, S.A.; Giovino, G.A., “Use of mentholated cigarettes and likelihood of smoking cessation in the United States: a meta-analysis,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], June 17, 2019.

Leventhal, A.M.; Bello, M.S.; Galstyan, E.; Higgins, S.T.; Barrington-Trimis, J.L., “Association of cumulative socioeconomic and health-related disadvantage with disparities in smoking prevalence in the United States, 2008 to 2017,” JAMA Internal Medicine 179(6): 777-785, June 1, 2019.

Merianos, A.L.; Jandarov, R.A.; Choi, K.; Mahabee-Gittens, E.M., “Tobacco smoke exposure disparities persist in U.S. children: NHANES 1999-2014,” Preventive Medicine 123: 138-142, June 2019.

Mills, S.D.; Golden, S.D.; Henriksen, L.; Kong, A.Y.; Queen, T.L.; Ribisl, K.M., “Neighbourhood disparities in the price of the cheapest cigarettes in the USA,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health [Epub ahead of print], May 23, 2019.

Wheldon, C.W.; Wiseman, K.P., “Tobacco use among transgender and gender non-conforming adults in the United States,” Tobacco Use Insights 12: 1179173X19849419 [Epub ahead of print], May 23, 2019.

McNeely, E.; Mordukhovich, I.; Staffa, S.; Tideman, S.; Coull, B., “Legacy health effects among never smokers exposed to occupational secondhand smoke,” PLoS One 14(4): e0215445, April 18, 2019.

Stallings-Smith, S.; Ballantyne, T., “Ever use of e-cigarettes among adults in the United States: a cross-sectional study of sociodemographic factors,” Inquiry 56: 46958019864479, January-December, 2019.

Tsai, J.; Homa, D.M.; Gentzke, A.S.; Mahoney, M.; Sharapova, S.R.; Sosnoff, C.S.; Caron, K.T.; Wang, L.; Melstrom, P.C.; Trivers, K.F., “Exposure to secondhand smoke among nonsmokers — United States, 1988–2014,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 67(48): 1342–1346, December 7, 2018.

Hemsing, N.; Greaves, L., “New challenges: developing gendered and equitable responses to involuntary exposures to electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and cannabis vaping,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(10): e2097, September 25, 2018.

Buettner-Schmidt, K.; Boursaw, B.; Lobo, M.L., “Place and policy: secondhand smoke exposure in bars and restaurants,” Nursing Research 67(4): 324–330, July-August 2018.

Vijayaraghavan, M.; Benmarnhia, T.; Pierce, J.P.; White, M.M.; Kempster, J.; Shi, Y.; Trinidad, D.R.; Messer, K., “Income disparities in smoking cessation and the diffusion of smoke-free homes among U.S. smokers: results from two longitudinal surveys,” PLOS ONE, July 27, 2018.

Nanninga, S.; Lehne, G.; Ratz, T.; Bolte, G., “Impact of public smoking bans on social inequalities in children’s exposure to tobacco smoke at home: an equity-focused systematic review,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], July 7, 2018.

Lee, J.; Schram, A.; Riley, E.; Harris, P.; Baum, F.; Fisher, M.; Freeman, T.; Friel, S., “Addressing health equity through action on the social determinants of health: a global review of policy outcome evaluation methods,” International Journal of Health Policy and Management 7(7): 581-592, July 2018.

de Groot, P.M.; Wu, C.C.; Carter, B.W.; Munden, R.F., “The epidemiology of lung cancer,” Translational Lung Cancer Research 7(3): 220-233, June 2018.

Maclean, J.C.; Oney, M.; Marti, J.; Sindelar, J., “What factors predict the passage of state-level e-cigarette regulations?,” Health Economics 27(5): 897-907, May 2018.

Schauer, G.L.; Peters, E.N.; Rosenberry, Z.; Kim, H., “Trends in and characteristics of marijuana and menthol cigarette use among current cigarette smokers, 2005-2014,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 20(3): 362-369, March 2018.

St. Claire, A.W.; Amato, M.S.; Boyle, R.G.; Rode, P.; Kinney, A.M., “Secondhand smoke exposure 7 years after an indoor smoke-free law,” American Journal of Health Promotion 32(1): 131-134, January 2018.

Golden, S.D.; Kong, A.Y.; Lee, J.G.L.; Ribisl, K.M., “Disparities in cigarette tax exposure by race, ethnicity, poverty status and sexual orientation, 2006–2014, USA,” Preventive Medicine 108: 137-144, March 2018.

Lowrie, C.; Pearson, A.L.; Thomson, G., “Inequities in coverage of smokefree space policies within the United States,” BMC Public Health 18: 736, 2018.

Mills, S.D.; Henriksen, L.; Golden, S.D.; Kurtzman, R.; Kong, A.Y.; Queen, T.L.; Ribisl, K.M., “Disparities in retail marketing for menthol cigarettes in the United States, 2015,” Health & Place 53: 62-70, 2018.

Kava, C.M.; Parker, E.A.; Baquero, B.; Curry, S.J.; Gilbert, P.A.; Sauder, M.; Sewell, D.K., “A qualitative assessment of the smoking policies and cessation activities at smaller workplaces,” BMC Public Health 18: 1094, 2018.

Shenassa, E.D.; Rossen, L.M.; Cohen, J.; Morello-Frosch, R.; Payne-Sturges, D.C., “Income inequality and U.S. children’s secondhand smoke exposure: distinct associations by race-ethnicity,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 19(11): 1292–1299, November 1, 2017.

Villanti, A.C.; Johnson, A.L.; Rath, J.M., “Beyond education and income: identifying novel socioeconomic correlates of cigarette use in U.S. young adults,” Preventive Medicine 104: 63-70, November 2017.

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Wintemberg, J.; McElroy, J.A.; Ge, B.; Everett, K.D., “Can smoke-free policies reduce tobacco use disparities of sexual and gender minorities in Missouri?,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 19(11): 1308–1314, November 2017.

Asfar, T.; Arheart, K.L.; Koru-Sengul, T.; Byrne, M.M.; Dietz, N.A.; Jeng Chen, C.; Lee, D.J., “National estimates and correlates of secondhand smoke exposure in US cancer survivors,” Journal of Cancer Survivorship 11(4): 469-476, August 2017.

Larson, E.; Santos, B., “Disparities in secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmoking adults in Rhode Island: tobacco control’s pro-equity approach,” Rhode Island Medical Journal 100(5): 40-42, May 1, 2017.
Abstract Unavailable.

Vijayaraghavan, M.; Hurst, S.; Pierce, J.P., “A qualitative examination of smoke-free policies and electronic cigarettes among sheltered homeless adults,” American Journal of Health Promotion 31(3): 243-350, May 2017.

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Henley, S.J.; Thomas, C.C.; Sharapova, S.R.; Momin, B.; Massetti, G.M.; Winn, D.M.; Armour, B.S.; Richardson, L.C., “Vital signs: disparities in tobacco-related cancer incidence and mortality — United States, 2004–2013,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 65(44): 1212-1218, November 11, 2016.

Perlman, S.E.; Chernov, C.; Farley, S.M.; Greene, C.M.; Aldous, K.M.; Freeman, A.; Rodriguez-Lopez, J.; Thorpe, L.E., “Exposure to secondhand smoke among nonsmokers in New York City in the context of recent tobacco control policies: current status, changes over the past decade, and national comparisons,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 18(11): 2065-2074, November 2016.

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Nguyen, K.H.; Marshall, L.; Brown, S.; Neff, L., “State-specific prevalence of current cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco use among adults — United States, 2014,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 65(39): 1045-1051, October 7, 2016.

Seto, J.C.; Davis, J.W.; Taira, D.A., “E-cigarette use related to demographic factors in Hawai’i,” Hawai’i Journal of Medicine & Public Health 75(10): 295-302, October 2016.

Pederson, A.; Okoli, C.T.; Hemsing, N.; O’Leary, R.; Wiggins, A.; Rice, W.; Bottorff, J.L.; Greaves, L., “Smoking on the margins: a comprehensive analysis of a municipal outdoor smoke-free policy,” BioMed Central 16: 852, August 22, 2016.

Martell, B.N.; Garrett, B.E.; Caraballo, R.S., “Disparities in adult cigarette smoking — United States, 2002–2005 and 2010–2013,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 65(30): 753–758, August 5, 2016.

Tynan, M.A.; Baker Holmes, C.; Promoff, G.; Hallett, C.; Hopkins, M.; Frick, B., “State and local comprehensive smoke-free laws for worksites, restaurants, and bars — United States, 2015,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 65(24): 623-626, June 24, 2016.

Max, W.B.; Stark, B.; Sung, H.; Offen, N., “Sexual identity disparities in smoking and secondhand smoke exposure in California: 2003-2013,” American Journal of Public Health 106(6): 1136-1142, June 2016.

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Tran, T.T.; Yiengprugsawan, V.; Chinwong, D.; Seubsman, S.; Sleigh, A., “Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and health disparities: 8-year longitudinal findings from a large cohort of Thai adults,” BMC Public Health 15: 1217, December 8, 2015.

Trinidad, D.R.; Xie, B.; Fagan, P.; Pulvers, K.; Romero, D.R.; Blanco, L.; Sakuma, K.K., “Disparities in the population distribution of African American and non-Hispanic white smokers along the quitting continuum,” Health Education & Behavior 42(6): 742-751, December 2015.

Roberts, M.E.; Berman, M.L.; Slater, M.D.; Hinton, A.; Ferketich, A., “Point-of-sale tobacco marketing in rural and urban Ohio: could the new landscape of tobacco products widen inequalities?,” Preventive Medicine 81: 232-235, December 2015.

Nazar, G.P.; Lee, J.T.; Arora, M.; Millett, C., “Socioeconomic inequalities in secondhand smoke exposure at home and at work in fifteen low- and middle-income countries,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], November 25, 2015.

Marchese, M.E.; Shamo, F.; Miller, C.E.; Wahl, R.L.; Li, Y., “Racial disparities in asthma hospitalizations following implementation of the Smoke-Free Air Law, Michigan, 2002-2012,” Preventing Chronic Disease 12: 150144, November 19, 2015.

Gan, W.Q.; Mannino, D.M.; Jemal, A., “Socioeconomic disparities in secondhand smoke exposure among US never-smoking adults: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-2010,”Tobacco Control 24(6): 568-573, November 2015.

Lee, J.G.; Henriksen, L.; Rose, S.W.; Moreland-Russell, S.; Ribisl, K.M., “A systematic review of neighborhood disparities in point-of-sale tobacco marketing,” American Journal of Public Health 105(9): e8-e18, September 2015.

Huang, J.; King, B.A.; Babb, S.D.; Xu, X.; Hallett, C.; Hopkins, M., “Sociodemographic disparities in local smoke-free law coverage in 10 states,” American Journal of Public Health 105(9): 1806-1813, September 2015.

Buettner-Schmidt, K.; Lobo, M.L.; Travers, M.J.; Boursaw, B., “Tobacco smoke exposure and impact of smoking legislation on rural and non-rural hospitality venues in North Dakota,” Research in Nursing and Health 38(4): 268–277, August 2015.

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Johnson, C.Y.; Luckhaupt, S.E.; Lawson, C.C., “Inequities in workplace secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmoking women of reproductive age,” American Journal of Public Health 105(Suppl 3): e33-e40, July 2015.

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Zhang, X.; Martinez-Donate, A.P.; Jones, N.R., “Educational disparities in home smoking bans among households with underage children in the United States: can tobacco control policies help to narrow the gap?,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 15(12): 1978-1987, December 2013.

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