This partial bibliography of studies is provided for informational purposes only. It should not be considered to replace medical advice from your physician, nor should it be considered as a list of every existing study on this topic. The ANR Foundation is unable to provide copies of any of the studies. Links to either the study’s abstract or full text are provided when available. The citations referenced below are presented without comment regarding the source, including any potential conflict of interest. Due diligence is recommended in researching the source of any given study before relying on its conclusions.
I.                    The first part of this bibliography lists studies into the effects of secondhand smoke exposure on the heart.
II.                  The second part lists studies into the impact of smokefree air laws on heart disease.


Sassano, M.; Mariani, M.; Pastorino, R.; Ricciardi, W.; La Vecchia, C.; Boccia, S., “Association of national smoke-free policies with per-capita cigarette consumption and acute myocardial infarction mortality in Europe,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 78(6): 388-394, May 9, 2024.

Muheriwa-Matemba, S.R.; Baral, A.; Abdshah, A.; Diggs, B.A.; Gerber Collazos, K.S.; Morris, K.B.; Messiah, S.E.; Vidot, D.C., “Cardiovascular and respiratory effects of cannabis use by route of administration: a systematic review,” Substance Use and Misuse [Online ahead of print], April 21, 2024.

Fernandez, M.I.C.; Co, M.F.; Rafael, J.B.M.; Mag-Usara, R.C.; Ediza, V.; Gavino, R.L.; Feliciano, J.C.; Santos, N.J.; Yano, M.A.; Huibonhoa, J.A.; Tiongco, R.H.; Fernandez, L., “Acute myocardial infarction with e-cigarette or vaping-use associated lung injury in a young Filipino vape user,” Respirology Case Reports 12(4): e01353, April 17, 2024.

Rey-Brandariz, J.; Guerra-Tort, C.; López-Medina, D.C.; García, G.; Teijeiro, A.; Casal-Fernández, R.; Candal-Pedreira, C.; Varela-Lema, L.; Ruano-Ravina, A.; Pérez-Ríos, M., “Mortality attributable to secondhand smoke exposure in the autonomous communities of Spain,” Revista Española de Cardiología [Online ahead of print], April 10, 2024.

Chandy, M.; Hill, III, T.; Jimenez-Tellez, N.; Wu, J.C.; Sarles, S.E.; Hensel, E.; Wang, Q.; Rahman, I.; Conklin, D.J., “Addressing cardiovascular toxicity risk of electronic nicotine delivery systems in the Twenty-First Century: “What are the tools needed for the job?” and “Do we have them?“. Cardiovascular Toxicology [Online ahead of print], March 31, 2024.

Qadri, S.; Maia, A.C.G.; Ali, H.E.A.; Alarabi, A.B.; Alshbool, F.Z.; Khasawneh, F.T., “Sex dependent occlusive cardiovascular disease effects of short-term thirdhand smoke exposure,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Online ahead of print], March 23, 2024.

Pan, D.; Guo, J.; Wu, S.; Wang, H.; Wang, J.; Wang, C.; Gu, Y., “Association of secondhand smoke exposure with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular death in patients with hypertension: Insights from NHANES,Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases [Online ahead of print], March 14, 2024.

Zong, H.; Hu, Z.; Li, W.; Wang, M.; Zhou, Q.; Li, X.; Liu, H., “Electronic cigarettes and cardiovascular disease: epidemiological and biological links,” Pflügers Archiv – European Journal of Physiology [Online ahead of print], February 20, 2024.

Dai, W.; Shi, J.; Siddarth, P.; Carreno, J.; Kleinman, M.T.; Herman, D.A.; Arechavala, R.J.; Renusch, S.; Hasen, I.; Ting, A.; Kloner, R.A., ”Effects of electronic cigarette vaping on cardiac and vascular function, and post-myocardial infarction remodeling in rats,” Cardiovascular Toxicology [Online ahead of print], February 10, 2024.

Dorotheo, E.U.; Arora, M.; Banerjee, A.; Bianco, E.; Cheah, N.P.; Dalmau, R.; Eissenberg, T.; Hasegawa, K.; Naidoo, P.; Nazir, N.T.; Newby, L.K.; Obeidat, N.; Skipalskyi, A.; Stępińska, J.; Willett, J.; Wang, Y., “Nicotine and cardiovascular health: when poison is addictive – a WHF Policy Brief,” Global Heart 19(1): 14, January 31, 2024.

Lin, G.M.; Lloyd-Jones, D.M.; Colangelo, L.A.; Lima, J.A.C.; Szklo, M.; Liu, K., “Association between secondhand smoke exposure and incident heart failure: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA),” European Journal of Heart Failure [Online ahead of print], January 30, 2024.

Jiang, X.; Alnoud, M.A.H.; Ali, H.; Ali, I.; Hussain, T.; Khan, M.U.; Khan, S.U.; Khan, M.S.; Khan, S.U.; Ur Rehman, K.; Safhi, A.Y.; Alissa, M., “Heartfelt living: deciphering the link between lifestyle choices and cardiovascular vitality,” Current Problems in Cardiology [Online ahead of print], January 15, 2024.

Hussen, E.; Aakel, N.; Shaito, A.A.; Al-Asmakh, M.; Abou-Saleh, H.; Zakaria, Z.Z., “Zebrafish (Danio Rerio) as a model for the study of developmental and cardiovascular toxicity of electronic cigarettes,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences 25(1): 194, January 1, 2024.

Badejo, P.O.; Umphres, S.S.; Ali, H.E.A.; Alarabi, A.B.; Qadri, S.; Alshbool, F.Z.; Khasawneh, F.T., “Exposure to electronic waterpipes increases the risk of occlusive cardiovascular disease in c57bl/6j mice,” Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 29: 10742484241242702, January 2024.

Liu, J.; Nabavizadeh, P.; Rao, P.; Derakhshandeh, R.; Han, D.D.; Guo, R.; Murphy, M.B.; Cheng, J.; Schick, S.F.; Springer, M.L., “Impairment of endothelial function by aerosol from marijuana leaf vaporizers,” Journal of the American Heart Association 12(23): e032969, December 5, 2023.

Niu, Z.; Mu, L.; Buka, S.L.; Loucks, E.B.; Wang, M.; Tian, L.; Wen, X., “Involuntary tobacco smoke exposures from conception to 18 years increase midlife cardiometabolic disease risk: a 40-year longitudinal study,Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease 14(6): 689-698, December 2023.

Ashraf, M.T.; Shaikh, A.; Khan, M.K.S.; Uddin, N.; Kashif, M.A.B.; Rizvi, S.H.A.; Khalid, H.; Sam, S.J.; Sohail, A., “Association between e-cigarette use and myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Egyptian Heart Journal 75(1): 97, November 30, 2023.

Kucera, C.; Ramalingam, A.; Srivastava, S.; Bhatnagar, A.; Carll, A.P.; “Nicotine formulation influences the autonomic and arrhythmogenic effects of electronic cigarettes,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Online ahead of print], November 27, 2023.

Janjani, H.; Motevaseli, S.; Salehi, N.; Naseri, S.; Fazlzadeh, M.; Janjani, P., “Assessing exposure to secondhand smoke among Iranian patients with cardiac diseases; a cross-sectional study,” Heliyon 9(11): e22715, November 19, 2023.

Mallah, M.A.; Soomro, T.; Ali, M.; Noreen, S.; Khatoon, N.; Kafle, A.; Feng, F.; Wang, W.; Naveed, M.; Zhang, Q., “Cigarette smoking and air pollution exposure and their effects on cardiovascular diseases,” Frontiers in Public Health 11: 967047, November 17, 2023.

Alzahrani T., “Electronic cigarette use and myocardial infarction,” Cureus 15(11): e48402, November 6, 2023.

Freeman, S.; Leone, F.; Mathew, A.R.; Hitsman, B., “The need for more robust clinical prevention approaches to secondhand smoke exposure: beyond smoke-free,” Chest 164(5): 1084-1086, November 2023.

Wang, H.; Ruan, Y.P.; Ma, S.; Wang, Y.Q.; Wan, X.Y.; He, Y.H.; Li, J.; Zou, Z.Y., “Interaction between ozone and paternal smoking on fetal congenital heart defects among pregnant women at high risk: a multicenter maternal-fetal medicine study,” World Journal of Pediatrics [Online ahead of print], September 4, 2023.

Mills, A.; Frazier, J.; Plants, R.; Burrage, E.; Coblentz, T.; Nassabeh, S.; Robinson, M.; Chantler, P.D.; Olfert, I.M.; “Effects of electronic cigarette e-liquid and device wattage on vascular function,” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 474: 116631, September 1, 2023.

Xu, A.; Duan, K.; Yang, W.; Feng, G.; Wu, Z.; Jiang, X.; Li, M.; Liu, P.; Chen, J., “The toxic effects of electronic cigarette aerosol and cigarette smoke on cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and renal systems in mice,” Scientific Reports 13(1): 12366, July 31, 2023.

Rose, J.J.; Krishnan-Sarin, S.; Exil, V.J.; Hamburg, N.M.; Fetterman, J.L.; Ichinose, F.; Perez-Pinzon, M.A.; Rezk-Hanna, M.; Williamson, E., “Cardiopulmonary impact of electronic cigarettes and vaping products: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association,” Circulation [Online ahead of print], July 17, 2023.

Pan, S.; Karey, E.; Nieves-Cintron, M.; Chen, Y.J.; Hwang, S.H.; Hammock, B.D.; Pinkerton, K.E.; Chen, C.Y., “Effects of chronic secondhand smoke exposure on cardiovascular regulation and the role of soluble epoxide hydrolase in mice,” Frontiers in Physiology 14: 1185744, June 8, 2023.

Rahman, A.; Alqaisi, S.; Alzakhari, R.; Saith, S., “Characterization and summarization of the impact of electronic cigarettes on the cardiovascular system: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Cureus 15(5): e39528, May 26, 2023.

Mears, M.J.; Hookfin, H.L.; Bandaru, P.; Vidal, P.; Stanford, K.I.; Wold LE., “Electronic nicotine delivery systems and cardiovascular/cardiometabolic health,” Circulation Research 132(9): 1168-1180, April 28, 2023.

Siddiqi, T.J.; Rashid, A.M.; Siddiqi, A.K.; Anwer, A.; Usman, M.S.; Sakhi, H.; Bhatnagar, A.; Hamburg, N.M.; Hirsch, G.A.; Rodriguez, C.J.; Blaha, M.J.; DeFilippis, A.P.; Benjamin, E.J.; Hall, M.E., “Association of electronic cigarette exposure on cardiovascular health: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Current Problems in Cardiology [Online ahead of print], April 21, 2023.

Tattersall, M.C.; Hughey, C.M.; Piasecki, T.M.; Korcarz, C.E.; Hansen, K.M.; Ott, N.R.; Sandbo, N.; Fiore, M.C.; Baker, T.B.; Stein, J.H., “Cardiovascular and pulmonary responses to acute use of electronic nicotine delivery systems and combustible cigarettes in chronic users,” Chest [Online ahead of print], April 10, 2023.

Chhor, M.; Tulpar, E.; Nguyen, T.; Cranfield, C.G.; Gorrie, C.A.; Chan, Y.L.; Chen, H.; Oliver, B.G.; McClements, L.; McGrath, K.C., “E-cigarette aerosol condensate leads to impaired coronary endothelial cell health and restricted angiogenesis,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences 24(7): 6378, March 28, 2023.

Jarlstrup, N.S.; Thygesen, L.C.; Grønbæk, M.K.; Rod, M.H.; Tolstrup, J.S., “The impact of the Danish National Smoking ban from 2007 on the incidence of eight smoking-related diseases: a nationwide register-based interrupted time series analysis,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 25(4): 648-656, March 22, 2023.

Gać, P.; Martuszewski, A.; Paluszkiewicz, P.; Poręba, M.; Mazur, G.; Poręba, R., “Environmental tobacco smoke exposure estimated using the SHSES scale, and feature tracking computed tomography-derived left ventricular global longitudinal strain in hypertensive patients,” Cardiovascular Toxicology 22: 940-950, December 2022.

Lin, G.M.; Lloyd-Jones, D.M.; Colangelo, L.A.; Szklo, M.; Heckbert, S.R.; Chen, L.Y.; Lima, J.A.C.; Liu, K., “Secondhand tobacco smoke exposure, urine cotinine, and risk of incident atrial fibrillation: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis,” Progress in Cardiovascular Diseasese [Online ahead of print], October 21, 2022.

Teramoto, M.; Iso, H.; Muraki, I.; Shirai, K.; Tamakoshi, A., “Secondhand smoke exposure in childhood and mortality from coronary heart disease in adulthood: the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk,” Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis [Online ahead of print], October 19, 2022.

Monasso, G.S.; Felix, J.F.; Gaillard, R.; Jaddoe, V.W.V., “Fetal and childhood exposure to parental tobacco smoking and arterial health at age 10 years,” American Journal of Hypertension 35(10): 867-874, October 2022.

Xiao, H.; Li, M.; Li, A.; Amaerjiang, N.; Zunong, J.; Vermund, S.H.; Pérez-Escamilla, R.; Song, M.; Hu, Y.; Jiang, G., “Passive smoking exposure modifies cardiovascular structure and function: Beijing Child Growth and Health Cohort (PROC) Study,” Environmental Science & Technology [Online ahead of print], September 12, 2022.

Kobayashi, Y.; Yamagishi, K.; Muraki, I.; Kokubo, Y.; Saito, I.; Yatsuya, H.; Iso, H.; Tsugane, S.; Sawada, N., “Secondhand smoke and the risk of incident cardiovascular disease among never-smoking women,” Preventive Medicine 162: 107145, September 2022.

Skipina, T.M.; Patel, N.; Upadhya, B.; Soliman, E.Z., “Secondhand smoke exposure is associated with abnormal P-wave axis,” Public Health 205: 79-82, April 2022.

Kim, K.; Chang, Y., “Association of secondhand smoke exposure with cardiometabolic health in never-smoking adult cancer survivors: a population-based cross-sectional study,” BMC Public Health 22(1): 518, March 17, 2022.

Wu, C.W.; Chuang, H.Y.; Watanabe, K.; Wu, P.S.; Pan, H.C.; Wang, C.L.; Yang, C.C.; Hung, C.H.; Dai, C.Y.; Ho, C.K.; Kawakami, N., “Association between secondhand smoke and peripheral arterial disease: a meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies,” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health [Online ahead of print], January 26, 2022.

Shu, D.; Chen, F.; Zhang, C.; Guo, W.; Dai, S., “Environmental tobacco smoke and carotid intima-media thickness in healthy children and adolescents: a systematic review,” Open Heart 9(1): e001790, January 2022.

Bernabe-Ortiz, A.; Carrillo-Larco, R.M., “Second-hand smoking, hypertension and cardiovascular risk: findings from Peru,” BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 21(1): 576, December 2, 2021.

Lv, L.; Wu, S.; Yang, Y.; Yue, X., “Modified effect of active or passive smoking on the association between age and abdominal aortic calcification: a nationally representative cross-sectional study,” BMJ Open 11(10): e047645, October 12, 2021.

Benowitz, N.L.; Liakoni, E., “Tobacco use disorder and cardiovascular health,” Addiction [Online ahead of print], September 29, 2021.

Sun, J.; Pan, S.; Karey, E.; Chen, Y.J.; Pinkerton, K.E.; Wilson, C.G.; Chen, C.Y., “Secondhand smoke decreased excitability and altered action potential characteristics of cardiac vagal neurons in mice,” Frontiers of Physiology 12: 727000, September 24, 2021.

Le, T.; Martín-Aragón Baudel, M.; Syed, A.; Singhrao, N.; Pan, S.; Flores-Tamez, V.A.; Burns, A.E.; Man, K.N.M.; Karey, E.; Hong, J.; Hell, J.W.; Pinkerton, K.E.; Chen, C.Y.; Nieves-Cintrón, M., “Secondhand smoke exposure impairs ion channel function and contractility of mesenteric arteries,” Function 2(5): zqab041, August 19, 2021.

Theilen, L.; McNeil, R.; Hunter, S.; Grobman, W.; Parker, C.; Catov, J.M.; Pemberton, V.; Ehrenthal, D.B.; Haas, D.; Hoffman, M.; Chung, J.H.; Mukhtar, F.; Arzumanyan, Z.; Mercer, B.; Parry, S.; Saade, G.; Simhan, H.; Wapner, R.; Silver, R.M., “Serum cotinine and adverse cardiovascular outcomes: a cross-sectional secondary analysis of the nuMoM2b Heart Health Study,” American Journal of Perinatology [Online ahead of print], August 6, 2021.

Gać, P.; Martuszewski, A.; Paluszkiewicz, P.; Poręba, M.; Mazur, G.; Poręba, R., “Aortic valve calcification score in patients with arterial hypertension environmentally exposed to tobacco smoke,” Cardiovascular Toxicology [Online ahead of print], July 26, 2021.

Wang, K.; Wang, Y.; Zhao, R.; Gong, L.; Wang, L.; He, Q.; Chen, L.; Qin, J., “Relationship between childhood secondhand smoke exposure and the occurrence of hyperlipidaemia and coronary heart disease among Chinese non-smoking women: a cross-sectional study,” BMJ Open 11(7): e048590, July 5, 2021.

Skipina, T.M.; Upadhya, B.; Soliman, E.Z., “Secondhand smoke exposure is associated with prevalent heart failure: longitudinal examination of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Online ahead of print], July 2, 2021.

Sellers, E.A.C.; Dart, A.B.; McGavock, J.; Wicklow, B.A., “Cardiovascular comorbidity associated with albuminuria in youth-onset type 2 diabetes: analyses from the iCARE study,” Canadian Journal of Diabetes 45(5): 458-465, July 1, 2021.

Miguel, J.P.; Dias, A.C.; Bettini, N.R.; de Souza, S.A.B.A.; Durão, M.P.L.; de Castro Oliveira, L.V.; Monedeiro, F.; Ramalho, L.N.Z.; Branco, L.G.S.; Sabino, J.P.J.; de Toledo Durand, M., “Cigarette smoke exposure causes systemic and autonomic cardiocirculatory changes in rats depending on the daily exposure dose,” Life Sciences 277: 119498, July 2021.

Skipina, T.M.; Upadhya, B.; Soliman, E.Z., “Exposure to secondhand smoke is associated with increased left ventricular mass,” Tobacco Induced Diseases [Online ahead of print], June 4, 2021.

Liu, F.; Liu, Y.; Zhuang, Z.; Ma, J.; Xu, X.; Zhang, W.; Peng, H.; Yang, L.; Zhang, W.; Pei, Z.; Ren, J., “Beclin1 Haploinsufficiency accentuates second-hand smoke exposure -induced myocardial remodeling and contractile dysfunction through a STING-mediated mechanism,” Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology [Online ahead of print], September 3, 2020.

Sert, A., “Is pediatric obesity itself or second-hand smoking exposure effective on cardiovascular risk factors?,” Atherosclerosis 308: 57-58, September 2020.

Zhang, D.; Liu, Y.; Cheng, C.; Wang, Y.; Xue, Y.; Li, W.; Li, X., “Dose-related effect of secondhand smoke on cardiovascular disease in nonsmokers: systematic review and meta-analysis,” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 228: 113546, July 2020.

Skipina, T.M.; Soliman, E.Z.; Upadhya, B., “Association between secondhand smoke exposure and hypertension: nearly as large as smoking,” Journal of Hypertension [Online ahead of print], May 7, 2020.

Sadeghi, M.; Daneshpour, M.S.; Khodakarim, S.; Momenan, A.A.; Akbarzadeh, M.; Soori, H., “Impact of second-hand smoke exposure followed by cigarette smoking quitting on subsequent risk of coronary heart disease: evidence from the population-based cohort of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS),”

Epidemiology and Health [Online ahead of print], March 8, 2020.

Regev-Avraham, Z.; Rosenfeld, I.; Sharabi-Nov, A.; Halabi, M., “Is second hand smoking associated with atrial fibrillation risk among women in Israel? A case-control study,” International Journal of Cardiology [Online ahead of print], January 29, 2020.

Psotka, M.A.; Rushakoff, J.; Glantz, S.A.; De Marco, T.; Fleischmann, K.E., “The association between secondhand smoke exposure and survival for patients with heart failure,” Journal of Cardiac Failure [Online ahead of print], January 8, 2020.

He, X.; Zhao, J.; He, J.; Dong, Y.; Liu, C., “Association of household secondhand smoke exposure and mortality risk in patients with heart failure,” BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 19(1): 280, December 2, 2019.

Lippi, G.; Sanchis-Gomar, F., “Secondhand smoke and ischaemic heart disease: demographic characteristic of a worldwide healthcare problem,” European Journal of Preventive Cardiology [Online ahead of print], October 25, 2019.

Harbin, M.M.; Kelly, A.S.; Dengel, D.R.; Rudser, K.D.; Evanoff, N.G.; Ryder, J.R., “Relation of secondhand smoke exposure to vascular phenotypes in children and adolescents,” Pediatric Research [Online ahead of print], October 23, 2019.

Groh, C.A.; Vittinghoff, E.; Benjamin, E.J.; Dupuis, J.; Marcus, G.M., “Childhood tobacco smoke exposure and risk of atrial fibrillation in adulthood,” Journal of the American College of Cardioliology 74(13): 1658-1664, October 1, 2019.

Chamberlain, A.M., “Secondhand smoke and atrial fibrillation: importance of managing modifiable risk factors,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology 74(13): 1665-1666, October 1, 2019.

Ozierański, K.; Witkowska, A.; Wojtyniak, B.; Gierlotka, M.; Zdrojewski, T.; Stokwiszewski, J.; Gąsior, M.; Poloński, L.; Opolski, G., “Smoking ban in public places and myocardial infarction hospitalizations in a European country with high cardiovascular risk: insights from the Polish nationwide AMI-PL database,” Polish Archives of Internal Medicine 129(6): 386-391, June 28, 2019.

Ballengee, C.R.; Brooks, P.; Leong, T.; Geem, D.; Freeman, A.J., “Effects of second-hand smoke on pancreatitis in children,” Pancreas 48(5): 706-710, May-June 2019.

McNeely, E.; Mordukhovich, I.; Staffa, S.; Tideman, S.; Coull, B., “Legacy health effects among never smokers exposed to occupational secondhand smoke,” PLoS One 14(4): e0215445, April 18, 2019.

Zhao, L.; Chen, L.; Yang, T.; Wang, L.; Wang, T.; Zhang, S.; Chen, L.; Ye, Z.; Zheng, Z.; Qin, J., “Parental smoking and the risk of congenital heart defects in offspring: an updated meta-analysis of observational studies,” European Journal of Preventive Cardiology [Online ahead of print], March 23, 2019.

Pistilli, M.; Howard, V.J.; Safford, M.M.; Lee, B.K.; Lovasi, G.S.; Cushman, M.; Malek, A.M.; McClure, L.A., “Association of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure during childhood on adult cardiovascular disease risk among never-smokers,” Annals of Epidemiology [Online ahead of print], February 5, 2019.

DiGiacomo, S.I.; Jazayeri, M.A.; Barua, R.S.; Ambrose, J.A., “Environmental tobacco smoke and cardiovascular disease,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(1): 96, December 31, 2018.

Burroughs Peña, M.S.; Swett, K.; Kaplan, R.C.; Perreira, K.; Daviglus, M.; Kansal, M.M.; Cai, J.; Giachello, A.L.; Gellman, M.D.; Velazquez, E.J.; Rodriguez, C.J., “Childhood and adult exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke and cardiac structure and function: results from Echo-SOL,” Open Heart 5(2): e000831, June 2018.

Lu, L.; Mackay, D.F.; Pell, J.P., “Secondhand smoke exposure and risk of incident peripheral arterial disease and mortality: a Scotland-wide retrospective cohort study of 4045 non-smokers with cotinine measurement,” BMC Public 18(1): 348, March 19, 2018.

Liu, X.; Nie, Z.; Chen, J.; Guo, X.; Ou, Y.; Chen, G.; Mai, J.; Gong, W.; Wu, Y.; Gao, X.; Qu, Y.; Bell, E.M.; Lin, S.; Zhuang, J., “Does maternal environmental tobacco smoke interact with social-demographics and environmental factors on congenital heart defects?,” Environmental Pollution 234: 214-222, March 2018.

Wang, D.; Juonala, M.; Viikari, J.SA.; Wu, F.; Hutri-Kähönen, N.; Raitakari, O.T.; Magnussen, C.G., “Exposure to parental smoking in childhood is associated with high c-reactive protein in adulthood: the cardiovascular risk in Young Finns Study,” Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis 24(12): 1231-1241, December 1, 2017.

Washington, R., “Secondhand tobacco smoke exposure: perhaps the most important cardiovascular risk factor for toddlers,” Journal of Pediatrics 189:1-2, October 2017.

Groner, J.A.; Huang, H.; Joshi, M.S.; Eastman, N.; Nicholson, L.; Bauer, J.A., “Secondhand smoke exposure and preclinical markers of cardiovascular risk in toddlers,” Journal of Pediatrics 189: 155-161, October 2017.

Kim, S.; Kang, S.H.; Han, D.; Kim, S.H.; Kim, H.J.; Park, J.J.; Cho, Y.; Yoon, Y.E.; Han, K.D.; Oh, I.Y.; Yoon, C.H.; Suh, J.W.; Lee, H.Y.; Cho, Y.S.; Youn, T.J.; Cho, G.Y.; Chae, I.H.; Choi, D.J.; Kim, C.H., “Relation between secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular risk factors in never smokers,” Journal of Hypertension 35(10): 1976-1982, October 2017.

Kihara, T.; Yamagishi, K.; Iso, H.; Tamakoshi, A., “Passive smoking and mortality from aortic dissection or aneurysm,” Atherosclerosis 263: 145-150, August 2017.

Bizoń, A.; Milnerowicz, H., “The effect of passive and active exposure to tobacco smoke on lipid profile parameters and the activity of certain membrane enzymes in the blood of women in the first trimester of pregnancy,” Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 53: 74-80, July 2017.

Yankelevitz, D.F.; Cham, M.D.; Hecht, H.; Yip, R.; Shemesh, J.; Narula, J.; Henschke, C.I., “The association of secondhand tobacco smoke and CT angiography-verified coronary atherosclerosis,” JACC Cardiovascular Imaging 10(6): 652-659, June 2017.

Nasir, K.; Patel, J., “Risk of ASCVD and secondhand tobacco exposure: all smoke and mirrors? No more,” JACC Cardiovascular Imaging 10(6): 660-662, June 2017.

Lu, L.; Jiang, C.; Mackay, D.F.; Pell, J.P.; Cheng, K.K.; Lam, T.H.; Thomas, G.N., “Exposure to secondhand smoke and risk of peripheral arterial disease in southern Chinese non-smokers: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study-Cardiovascular Disease Sub-cohort,” Vascular 25(3): 283-289, June 2017.

Jones, M.R.; Magid, H.S.; Al-Rifai, M.; McEvoy, J.W.; Kaufman, J.D.; Hinckley Stukovsky, K.D.; Szklo, M.; Polak, J.; Burke, G.L.; Post, W.S.; Blaha, M.J.; Navas-Acien, A., “Secondhand smoke exposure and subclinical cardiovascular disease: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis,” Journal of the American Heart Association 5(12): e002965, December 19, 2016.

Raghuveer, G.; White, D.A.; Hayman, L.L.; Woo, J.G.; Villafane, J.; Celermajer, D.; Ward, K.D.; de Ferranti, S.D.; Zachariah, J., “Cardiovascular consequences of childhood secondhand tobacco smoke exposure: prevailing evidence, burden, and racial and socioeconomic disparities: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association,” Circulation 134(16): e336-e359, October 18, 2016.

Wu, J.P.; Chang-Lee, S.N.; Day, C.H.; Ho, T.J.; Viswanadha, V.P.; Chung, L.C.; Hwang, J.M.; Jong, G.P.; Kuo, W.W.; Huang, C.Y., “Secondhand smoke exposure enhances cardiac fibrosis effects on the aging rat hearts,” Acta Cardioligica Sinica 32(5): 594-603, September 2016.

Garza, J.L.; Mittleman, M.A.; Zhang, J.; Christiani, D.C.; Cavallari, J.M., “Time course of heart rate variability response to pm2.5 exposure from secondhand smoke,” PLoS One 11(5): e0154783, May 25, 2016.

Wang, F.; Jia, X.; Wang, X.; Zhao, Y.; Hao, W., “Particulate matter and atherosclerosis: a bibliometric analysis of original research articles published in 1973-2014,” BMC Public Health 16(1): 348, April 19, 2016.

Fischer, F.; Kraemer, A., “Health impact assessment for second-hand smoke exposure in Germany–quantifying estimates for ischaemic heart diseases, COPD, and stroke,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(2): 198, February 5, 2016.

Dixit, S.; Pletcher, M.J.; Vittinghoff, E.; Imburgia, K.; Maguire, C.; Whitman, I.R.; Glantz, S.A.; Olgin, J.E.; Marcus, G.M., “Secondhand smoke and atrial fibrillation: data from the Health eHeart Study,” Heart Rhythm 13(1): 3-9, January 2016.

Fischer, F.; Kraemer, A., “Meta-analysis of the association between second-hand smoke exposure and ischaemic heart diseases, COPD and stroke,” BMC Public Health 15: 1202, December 1, 2015.

Lv, X.; Sun, J.; Bi, Y.; Xu, M.; Lu, J.; Zhao, L.; Xu, Y., “Risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease associated with secondhand smoke exposure: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” International Journal of Cardiology 199: 106-115, November 15, 2015.

Chen, W.; Yun, M.; Fernandez, C.; Li, S.; Sun, D.; Lai, C.C.; Hua, Y.; Wang, F.; Zhang, T.; Srinivasan, S.R.; Johnson, C.C.; Berenson, G.S., “Secondhand smoke exposure is associated with increased carotid artery intima-media thickness: the Bogalusa Heart Study,” Atherosclerosis 240(2): 374-379, June 2015.

Lim, G.B., “Carotid plaque in adulthood after childhood exposure to parental smoking,” Nature Reviews Cardiology 12(6): 319, June 2015.

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