This partial bibliography of studies is provided for informational purposes only. It should not be considered to replace medical advice from your physician, nor should it be considered as a list of every existing study on this topic. The ANR Foundation is unable to provide copies of any of the studies. Links to either the study’s abstract or full text are provided when available. The citations referenced below are presented without comment regarding the source, including any potential conflict of interest. Due diligence is recommended in researching the source of any given study before relying on its conclusions.
I. The first part of this bibliography lists studies into the effects of secondhand smoke exposure on the heart.
II. The second part lists studies into the impact of smokefree air laws on heart disease.
I. HEALTH EFFECTS OF SECONDHAND SMOKE EXPOSURE ON HEART DISEASE
Kobayashi, Y.; Yamagishi, K.; Muraki, I.; Kokubo, Y.; Saito, I.; Yatsuya, H.; Iso, H.; Tsugane, S.; Sawada, N., “Secondhand smoke and the risk of incident cardiovascular disease among never-smoking women,” Preventive Medicine 162: 107145, September 2022.
Skipina, T.M.; Patel, N.; Upadhya, B.; Soliman, E.Z., “Secondhand smoke exposure is associated with abnormal P-wave axis,” Public Health 205: 79-82, April 2022.
Kim, K.; Chang, Y., “Association of secondhand smoke exposure with cardiometabolic health in never-smoking adult cancer survivors: a population-based cross-sectional study,” BMC Public Health 22(1): 518, March 17, 2022.
Wu, C.W.; Chuang, H.Y.; Watanabe, K.; Wu, P.S.; Pan, H.C.; Wang, C.L.; Yang, C.C.; Hung, C.H.; Dai, C.Y.; Ho, C.K.; Kawakami, N., “Association between secondhand smoke and peripheral arterial disease: a meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies,” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health [Epub ahead of print], January 26, 2022.
Shu, D.; Chen, F.; Zhang, C.; Guo, W.; Dai, S., “Environmental tobacco smoke and carotid intima-media thickness in healthy children and adolescents: a systematic review,” Open Heart 9(1): e001790, January 2022.
Bernabe-Ortiz, A.; Carrillo-Larco, R.M., “Second-hand smoking, hypertension and cardiovascular risk: findings from Peru,” BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 21(1): 576, December 2, 2021.
Lv, L.; Wu, S.; Yang, Y.; Yue, X., “Modified effect of active or passive smoking on the association between age and abdominal aortic calcification: a nationally representative cross-sectional study,” BMJ Open 11(10): e047645, October 12, 2021.
Benowitz, N.L.; Liakoni, E., “Tobacco use disorder and cardiovascular health,” Addiction [Epub ahead of print], September 29, 2021.
Sun, J.; Pan, S.; Karey, E.; Chen, Y.J.; Pinkerton, K.E.; Wilson, C.G.; Chen, C.Y., “Secondhand smoke decreased excitability and altered action potential characteristics of cardiac vagal neurons in mice,” Frontiers of Physiology 12: 727000, September 24, 2021.
Le, T.; Martín-Aragón Baudel, M.; Syed, A.; Singhrao, N.; Pan, S.; Flores-Tamez, V.A.; Burns, A.E.; Man, K.N.M.; Karey, E.; Hong, J.; Hell, J.W.; Pinkerton, K.E.; Chen, C.Y.; Nieves-Cintrón, M., “Secondhand smoke exposure impairs ion channel function and contractility of mesenteric arteries,” Function 2(5): zqab041, August 19, 2021.
Theilen, L.; McNeil, R.; Hunter, S.; Grobman, W.; Parker, C.; Catov, J.M.; Pemberton, V.; Ehrenthal, D.B.; Haas, D.; Hoffman, M.; Chung, J.H.; Mukhtar, F.; Arzumanyan, Z.; Mercer, B.; Parry, S.; Saade, G.; Simhan, H.; Wapner, R.; Silver, R.M., “Serum cotinine and adverse cardiovascular outcomes: a cross-sectional secondary analysis of the nuMoM2b Heart Health Study,” American Journal of Perinatology [Epub ahead of print], August 6, 2021.
Gać, P.; Martuszewski, A.; Paluszkiewicz, P.; Poręba, M.; Mazur, G.; Poręba, R., “Aortic valve calcification score in patients with arterial hypertension environmentally exposed to tobacco smoke,” Cardiovascular Toxicology [Epub ahead of print], July 26, 2021.
Wang, K.; Wang, Y.; Zhao, R.; Gong, L.; Wang, L.; He, Q.; Chen, L.; Qin, J., “Relationship between childhood secondhand smoke exposure and the occurrence of hyperlipidaemia and coronary heart disease among Chinese non-smoking women: a cross-sectional study,” BMJ Open 11(7): e048590, July 5, 2021.
Skipina, T.M.; Upadhya, B.; Soliman, E.Z., “Secondhand smoke exposure is associated with prevalent heart failure: longitudinal examination of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], July 2, 2021.
Sellers, E.A.C.; Dart, A.B.; McGavock, J.; Wicklow, B.A., “Cardiovascular comorbidity associated with albuminuria in youth-onset type 2 diabetes: analyses from the iCARE study,” Canadian Journal of Diabetes 45(5): 458-465, July 1, 2021.
Miguel, J.P.; Dias, A.C.; Bettini, N.R.; de Souza, S.A.B.A.; Durão, M.P.L.; de Castro Oliveira, L.V.; Monedeiro, F.; Ramalho, L.N.Z.; Branco, L.G.S.; Sabino, J.P.J.; de Toledo Durand, M., “Cigarette smoke exposure causes systemic and autonomic cardiocirculatory changes in rats depending on the daily exposure dose,” Life Sciences 277: 119498, July 2021.
Skipina, T.M.; Upadhya, B.; Soliman, E.Z., “Exposure to secondhand smoke is associated with increased left ventricular mass,” Tobacco Induced Diseases [Epub ahead of print], June 4, 2021.
Liu, F.; Liu, Y.; Zhuang, Z.; Ma, J.; Xu, X.; Zhang, W.; Peng, H.; Yang, L.; Zhang, W.; Pei, Z.; Ren, J., “Beclin1 Haploinsufficiency accentuates second-hand smoke exposure -induced myocardial remodeling and contractile dysfunction through a STING-mediated mechanism,” Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology [Epub ahead of print], September 3, 2020.
Sert, A., “Is pediatric obesity itself or second-hand smoking exposure effective on cardiovascular risk factors?,” Atherosclerosis 308: 57-58, September 2020.
Zhang, D.; Liu, Y.; Cheng, C.; Wang, Y.; Xue, Y.; Li, W.; Li, X., “Dose-related effect of secondhand smoke on cardiovascular disease in nonsmokers: systematic review and meta-analysis,” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 228: 113546, July 2020.
Skipina, T.M.; Soliman, E.Z.; Upadhya, B., “Association between secondhand smoke exposure and hypertension: nearly as large as smoking,” Journal of Hypertension [Epub ahead of print], May 7, 2020.
Sadeghi, M.; Daneshpour, M.S.; Khodakarim, S.; Momenan, A.A.; Akbarzadeh, M.; Soori, H., “Impact of second-hand smoke exposure followed by cigarette smoking quitting on subsequent risk of coronary heart disease: evidence from the population-based cohort of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS),”
Epidemiology and Health [Epub ahead of print], March 8, 2020.
Regev-Avraham, Z.; Rosenfeld, I.; Sharabi-Nov, A.; Halabi, M., “Is second hand smoking associated with atrial fibrillation risk among women in Israel? A case-control study,” International Journal of Cardiology [Epub ahead of print], January 29, 2020.
Psotka, M.A.; Rushakoff, J.; Glantz, S.A.; De Marco, T.; Fleischmann, K.E., “The association between secondhand smoke exposure and survival for patients with heart failure,” Journal of Cardiac Failure [Epub ahead of print], January 8, 2020.
He, X.; Zhao, J.; He, J.; Dong, Y.; Liu, C., “Association of household secondhand smoke exposure and mortality risk in patients with heart failure,” BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 19(1): 280, December 2, 2019.
Lippi, G.; Sanchis-Gomar, F., “Secondhand smoke and ischaemic heart disease: demographic characteristic of a worldwide healthcare problem,” European Journal of Preventive Cardiology [Epub ahead of print], October 25, 2019.
Harbin, M.M.; Kelly, A.S.; Dengel, D.R.; Rudser, K.D.; Evanoff, N.G.; Ryder, J.R., “Relation of secondhand smoke exposure to vascular phenotypes in children and adolescents,” Pediatric Research [Epub ahead of print], October 23, 2019.
Groh, C.A.; Vittinghoff, E.; Benjamin, E.J.; Dupuis, J.; Marcus, G.M., “Childhood tobacco smoke exposure and risk of atrial fibrillation in adulthood,” Journal of the American College of Cardioliology 74(13): 1658-1664, October 1, 2019.
Chamberlain, A.M., “Secondhand smoke and atrial fibrillation: importance of managing modifiable risk factors,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology 74(13): 1665-1666, October 1, 2019.
Ozierański, K.; Witkowska, A.; Wojtyniak, B.; Gierlotka, M.; Zdrojewski, T.; Stokwiszewski, J.; Gąsior, M.; Poloński, L.; Opolski, G., “Smoking ban in public places and myocardial infarction hospitalizations in a European country with high cardiovascular risk: insights from the Polish nationwide AMI-PL database,” Polish Archives of Internal Medicine 129(6): 386-391, June 28, 2019.
Ballengee, C.R.; Brooks, P.; Leong, T.; Geem, D.; Freeman, A.J., “Effects of second-hand smoke on pancreatitis in children,” Pancreas 48(5): 706-710, May-June 2019.
McNeely, E.; Mordukhovich, I.; Staffa, S.; Tideman, S.; Coull, B., “Legacy health effects among never smokers exposed to occupational secondhand smoke,” PLoS One 14(4): e0215445, April 18, 2019.
Zhao, L.; Chen, L.; Yang, T.; Wang, L.; Wang, T.; Zhang, S.; Chen, L.; Ye, Z.; Zheng, Z.; Qin, J., “Parental smoking and the risk of congenital heart defects in offspring: an updated meta-analysis of observational studies,” European Journal of Preventive Cardiology [Epub ahead of print], March 23, 2019.
Pistilli, M.; Howard, V.J.; Safford, M.M.; Lee, B.K.; Lovasi, G.S.; Cushman, M.; Malek, A.M.; McClure, L.A., “Association of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure during childhood on adult cardiovascular disease risk among never-smokers,” Annals of Epidemiology [Epub ahead of print], February 5, 2019.
DiGiacomo, S.I.; Jazayeri, M.A.; Barua, R.S.; Ambrose, J.A., “Environmental tobacco smoke and cardiovascular disease,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(1): 96, December 31, 2018.
Burroughs Peña, M.S.; Swett, K.; Kaplan, R.C.; Perreira, K.; Daviglus, M.; Kansal, M.M.; Cai, J.; Giachello, A.L.; Gellman, M.D.; Velazquez, E.J.; Rodriguez, C.J., “Childhood and adult exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke and cardiac structure and function: results from Echo-SOL,” Open Heart 5(2): e000831, June 2018.
Lu, L.; Mackay, D.F.; Pell, J.P., “Secondhand smoke exposure and risk of incident peripheral arterial disease and mortality: a Scotland-wide retrospective cohort study of 4045 non-smokers with cotinine measurement,” BMC Public 18(1): 348, March 19, 2018.
Liu, X.; Nie, Z.; Chen, J.; Guo, X.; Ou, Y.; Chen, G.; Mai, J.; Gong, W.; Wu, Y.; Gao, X.; Qu, Y.; Bell, E.M.; Lin, S.; Zhuang, J., “Does maternal environmental tobacco smoke interact with social-demographics and environmental factors on congenital heart defects?,” Environmental Pollution 234: 214-222, March 2018.
Wang, D.; Juonala, M.; Viikari, J.SA.; Wu, F.; Hutri-Kähönen, N.; Raitakari, O.T.; Magnussen, C.G., “Exposure to parental smoking in childhood is associated with high c-reactive protein in adulthood: the cardiovascular risk in Young Finns Study,” Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis 24(12): 1231-1241, December 1, 2017.
Washington, R., “Secondhand tobacco smoke exposure: perhaps the most important cardiovascular risk factor for toddlers,” Journal of Pediatrics 189:1-2, October 2017.
Groner, J.A.; Huang, H.; Joshi, M.S.; Eastman, N.; Nicholson, L.; Bauer, J.A., “Secondhand smoke exposure and preclinical markers of cardiovascular risk in toddlers,” Journal of Pediatrics 189: 155-161, October 2017.
Kim, S.; Kang, S.H.; Han, D.; Kim, S.H.; Kim, H.J.; Park, J.J.; Cho, Y.; Yoon, Y.E.; Han, K.D.; Oh, I.Y.; Yoon, C.H.; Suh, J.W.; Lee, H.Y.; Cho, Y.S.; Youn, T.J.; Cho, G.Y.; Chae, I.H.; Choi, D.J.; Kim, C.H., “Relation between secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular risk factors in never smokers,” Journal of Hypertension 35(10): 1976-1982, October 2017.
Kihara, T.; Yamagishi, K.; Iso, H.; Tamakoshi, A., “Passive smoking and mortality from aortic dissection or aneurysm,” Atherosclerosis 263: 145-150, August 2017.
Bizoń, A.; Milnerowicz, H., “The effect of passive and active exposure to tobacco smoke on lipid profile parameters and the activity of certain membrane enzymes in the blood of women in the first trimester of pregnancy,” Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 53: 74-80, July 2017.
Yankelevitz, D.F.; Cham, M.D.; Hecht, H.; Yip, R.; Shemesh, J.; Narula, J.; Henschke, C.I., “The association of secondhand tobacco smoke and CT angiography-verified coronary atherosclerosis,” JACC Cardiovascular Imaging 10(6): 652-659, June 2017.
Nasir, K.; Patel, J., “Risk of ASCVD and secondhand tobacco exposure: all smoke and mirrors? No more,” JACC Cardiovascular Imaging 10(6): 660-662, June 2017.
Lu, L.; Jiang, C.; Mackay, D.F.; Pell, J.P.; Cheng, K.K.; Lam, T.H.; Thomas, G.N., “Exposure to secondhand smoke and risk of peripheral arterial disease in southern Chinese non-smokers: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study-Cardiovascular Disease Sub-cohort,” Vascular 25(3): 283-289, June 2017.
Jones, M.R.; Magid, H.S.; Al-Rifai, M.; McEvoy, J.W.; Kaufman, J.D.; Hinckley Stukovsky, K.D.; Szklo, M.; Polak, J.; Burke, G.L.; Post, W.S.; Blaha, M.J.; Navas-Acien, A., “Secondhand smoke exposure and subclinical cardiovascular disease: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis,” Journal of the American Heart Association 5(12): e002965, December 19, 2016.
Raghuveer, G.; White, D.A.; Hayman, L.L.; Woo, J.G.; Villafane, J.; Celermajer, D.; Ward, K.D.; de Ferranti, S.D.; Zachariah, J., “Cardiovascular consequences of childhood secondhand tobacco smoke exposure: prevailing evidence, burden, and racial and socioeconomic disparities: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association,” Circulation 134(16): e336-e359, October 18, 2016.
Wu, J.P.; Chang-Lee, S.N.; Day, C.H.; Ho, T.J.; Viswanadha, V.P.; Chung, L.C.; Hwang, J.M.; Jong, G.P.; Kuo, W.W.; Huang, C.Y., “Secondhand smoke exposure enhances cardiac fibrosis effects on the aging rat hearts,” Acta Cardioligica Sinica 32(5): 594-603, September 2016.
Garza, J.L.; Mittleman, M.A.; Zhang, J.; Christiani, D.C.; Cavallari, J.M., “Time course of heart rate variability response to pm2.5 exposure from secondhand smoke,” PLoS One 11(5): e0154783, May 25, 2016.
Wang, F.; Jia, X.; Wang, X.; Zhao, Y.; Hao, W., “Particulate matter and atherosclerosis: a bibliometric analysis of original research articles published in 1973-2014,” BMC Public Health 16(1): 348, April 19, 2016.
Fischer, F.; Kraemer, A., “Health impact assessment for second-hand smoke exposure in Germany–quantifying estimates for ischaemic heart diseases, COPD, and stroke,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(2): 198, February 5, 2016.
Dixit, S.; Pletcher, M.J.; Vittinghoff, E.; Imburgia, K.; Maguire, C.; Whitman, I.R.; Glantz, S.A.; Olgin, J.E.; Marcus, G.M., “Secondhand smoke and atrial fibrillation: data from the Health eHeart Study,” Heart Rhythm 13(1): 3-9, January 2016.
Fischer, F.; Kraemer, A., “Meta-analysis of the association between second-hand smoke exposure and ischaemic heart diseases, COPD and stroke,” BMC Public Health 15: 1202, December 1, 2015.
Lv, X.; Sun, J.; Bi, Y.; Xu, M.; Lu, J.; Zhao, L.; Xu, Y., “Risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease associated with secondhand smoke exposure: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” International Journal of Cardiology 199: 106-115, November 15, 2015.
Chen, W.; Yun, M.; Fernandez, C.; Li, S.; Sun, D.; Lai, C.C.; Hua, Y.; Wang, F.; Zhang, T.; Srinivasan, S.R.; Johnson, C.C.; Berenson, G.S., “Secondhand smoke exposure is associated with increased carotid artery intima-media thickness: the Bogalusa Heart Study,” Atherosclerosis 240(2): 374-379, June 2015.
Lim, G.B., “Carotid plaque in adulthood after childhood exposure to parental smoking,” Nature Reviews Cardiology 12(6): 319, June 2015.
Jiang, F.; Wang, J.; Zhang, R.; Chen, M.; Peng, D.; Sun, X.; Yan, J.; Luo, Y.; Tang, S.; Hu, C.; Jia, W., “Effects of active and passive smoking on the development of cardiovascular disease as assessed by a carotid intima-media thickness examination in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus,” Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 42(5): 444-450, May 2015.
Vandivier, R.W., “Learning to act on secondhand tobacco smoke exposure to limit risk for coronary heart disease,” JAMA Internal Medicine 175(1): 136, January 2015.
Batty, G.D.; Gale, C.R.; Jefferis, B.; Kvaavik, E., “Passive smoking assessed by salivary cotinine and self-report in relation to cause-specific mortality: 17-year follow-up of study participants in the UK Health and Lifestyle Survey,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 68(12): 1200-1203, December 2014.
Qiang, Y.; Ruijun, G.; Zhen, C.; Zhian, L.; Changyan, L.; Xiaohui, Y.; Shu, L.; Jie, L.; Yuanfeng,M.; Ruobing, Z.; Yan, C.; Qiao, M.; Shuang, Z.; Zhu, Y., “Evaluation of the impact of passive smoke on arterial elasticity via echo-tracking technology in a rabbit model,” J Ultrasound Med 33(11): 1949-1956, November 2014.
Middlekauff, H.R.; Park, J.; Moheimani, R.S., “Adverse effects of cigarette and noncigarette smoke exposure on the autonomic 209 nervous system: mechanisms and implications for cardiovascular risk,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology 64(16): 1740-1750, October 2014.
Valenti, V.E.; Vanderlei, L.C.; Ferreira, C.; Fonseca, F.L.; Oliveira, F.R.; Sousa, F.H.; Rodrigues, L.M.; Monteiro, C.B.; Adami, F.; Wajnsztejn, R.; de Abreu, L.C., “Sidestream cigarette smoke and cardiac autonomic regulation,” International Archives of Medicine 6(11): 1-5, March 7, 2013.
Yankelevitz, D.F.; Henschke, C.I.; Yip, R.; Boffetta, P.; Shemesh, J.; Cham, M.D.; Narula, J.; Hecht, H.S., “Second-hand tobacco smoke in never smokers is a significant risk factor for coronary artery calcification,” JACC Cardiovascular Imaging [Epub ahead of print], March 13, 2013.
Iversen, B.; Jacobsen, B.K.; Lochen, M.L., “Active and passive smoking and the risk of myocardial infarction in 24,968 men and women during 11 year of follow-up: the Tromso Study,” European Journal of Epidemiology [Epub ahead of print], February 27, 2013.
Liu, R.; Bohac, D.L.; Gundel, L.A.; Hewett, M.J.; Apte, M.G.; Hammond, S.K., “Assessment of risk for asthma initiation and cancer and heart disease deaths among patrons and servers due to secondhand smoke exposure in restaurants and bars,”Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], February 13, 2013.
Ansari, R.; Khosravi, A.; Bahonar, A.; Shirani, S.; Kelishadi, R.; Khosravi, Z., “Risk factors of atherosclerosis in male smokers, passive smokers, and hypertensive nonsmokers in Central Iran,” ARYA Atherosclerosis 8(2): 90-95, Summer 2012.
Suzuki, T.; Tomiyama, H.; Higashi, Y., “Vascular dysfunction even after 20 years in children exposed to passive smoking: alarming results and need for awareness,” Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 32: 841-842, April 2012.
Yang, B.; Li, M.; Chen, B.; Xu, Y.; Li, T.D., “Deterioration of endothelial function and carotid intima-media thickness in Tibetan male adolescents exposed to second-hand smoke,” Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System [Epub ahead of print], March 30, 2012.
Kent, B.D.; Sulaiman, I.; Nicholson, T.T.; Lane, S.J.; Moloney, E.D., “Acute pulmonary admssions following implementation of a national workplace smoking ban,” Chest [Epub ahead of print], March 1, 2012.
Juonala, M.; Magnussen, C.G.; Venn, A.; Gall, S.; Kähönen, M.; Laitinen, T.; Taittonen, L.; Lehtimäki, T.; Jokinen, E.; Sun, C.;
Viikari, J.S.A.; Dwyer, T.; Raitakari, O.T., “Parental smoking in childhood and brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation in young adults: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study and the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health study,” Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology [Epub ahead of print], February 16, 2012.
Weeks, S.G.; Glantz, S.A.; De Marco, T.; Rosen, A.B.; Fleischmann, K.E., “Secondhand smoke exposure and quality of life in patients with heart failure,”Archives of Internal Medicine 71(21):1887-1893, November 28, 2011.
Jordan, R.E.; Cheng, K.K.; Miller, M.R.; Adab, P., “Passive smoking and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: cross-sectional analysis of data from the Health Survey for England,” BMJ Open [Epub ahead of print], September 6, 2011.
Leone, A., “Interactive effect of combined exposure to active and passive smoking on cardiovascular system,” Recent Patents on Cardiovascular Drug Discovery 6(1): 61-69, January 2011.
Metsios, G.; Flouris, A.D.; Angioi, M.; Koutedakis, Y., “Passive smoking and the development of cardiovascular disease in children: a systematic review,” Cardiology Research and Practice [Epub ahead of print], 2011.
Hamer, M.; Stamatakis, E.; Kivimaki, M.; Lowe, G.D.; Batty, G.D., “Objectively measured secondhand smoke exposure and risk of cardiovascular disease: what is the mediating role of inflammatory and hemostatic factors?,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology 56(1): 18-23, June 2010.
Jefferis, B.J.; Lawlor, D.A.; Ebrahim, S.; Wannamethee, S.G.; Feyerabend, C.; Doig, M.; McMeekin, L.; Cook, D.G.; Whincup, P.H., “Cotinine-assessed second-hand smoke exposure and risk of cardiovascular disease in older adults,” Heart 96(11): 854-859, June 2010.
Vardavas, C.I.; Panagiotakos, D.B., “The causal relationship between passive smoking and inflammation on the development of cardiovascular disease: a review of the evidence,” Inflammation & Allergy-Drug Targets 8(5): 328-333, December 2009.
Jefferis, B.J.; Lowe, G.D.O; Welsh, P.; Rumley, A.; Lawlor, D.A.; Ebrahim, S.; Carson, C.; Doig, M.; Feyerabend, C.; McMeekin, L.; Wannamethee, S.G.; Cook, D.G.; Whincup, P.H., “Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with circulating markers of inflammation and endothelial function in adult men and women,” Atherosclerosis [Epub ahead of print], July 30, 2009.
Ding, D.; Fung, W.; Zhang, Q.; Yip, G.W.; Chan, C.K.; Yu, C.M., “Effect of household passive smoking exposure on the risk of ischaemic heart disease in never-smoke female patients in Hong Kong,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], May 7, 2009.
Lightwood, J.M.; Coxson, P.G.; Bibbins-Domingo, K.; Williams, L.W.; Goldman, L., “Coronary heart disease attributable to passive smoking: CHD Policy Model,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 36(1):13-20, January 2009.
Meyers, D.G.; Neuberger, J.S., “Cardiovascular effect of bans on smoking in public places,” American Journal of Cardiology 102(10): 1421-1424, November 2008.
Heiss, C.; Amabile, N.; Lee, A.C.; Real, W.M.; Schick, S.F.; Lao, D.; Wong, M.L.; Jahn, S.; Angeli, F.S.; Minasi, P.; Springer, M.L.: Hammond, S.K.; Glantz, S.A.; Grossman, W.; Balmes, J.R.; Yeghiazarians, Y., “Brief secondhand smoke exposure depresses endothelial progenitor cells activity and endothelial function: sustained vascular injury and blunted nitric oxide production,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology 51(18): 1760-1771, May 6, 2008.
Venn, A.; Britton, J., “Exposure to secondhand smoke and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease in never-smoking adults,” Circulation [Epub ahead of print], February 12, 2007.
Kato, T.; Inoue, T.; Morooka, T.; Yoshimoto, N.; Node, K., “Short-term passive smoking causes endothelial dysfunction via oxidative stress in nonsmokers,” Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 84(5): 523-529, May 2006.
Barnoya, J.; Glantz, S.A., “Cardiovascular effects of secondhand smoke: nearly as large as smoking,” Circulation 111(20): 2684 – 2698, May 24, 2005.
Whincup, P.H., Gilg, J.A., Emberson, J.R., Jarvis, M.J., Feyerabend, C., Bryant, A., Walker, M., Cook, D.G., “Passive smoking and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: prospective study with cotinine measurement, “ BMJ Online First, June 30, 2004.
II. IMPACT OF SMOKEFREE AIR LAWS ON HEART DISEASE
Chu, M.; Liu, Z.; Fang, X.; Wu, Y.; Liu, H.; Zhao, X.; Zhang, T.; Wu, Q.; Tan, F., “Effects of a smoke-free policy in Xi’an, China: impact on hospital admissions for acute ischemic heart disease and stroke,” Frontiers in Public Health 10: 898461, June 21, 2022.
Oliver, J.F., “The impact of smoke-free air laws and conventional cigarette taxes on cardiovascular hospitalizations,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 24(5): 663–669, May 2022.
Wu, Y.; Wang, Z.; Zheng, Y.; Wang, M.; Wang, S.; Wang, J.; Wu, J.; Wu, T.; Chang, C.; Hu, Y., “The impact of comprehensive tobacco control policies on cardiovascular diseases in Beijing, China,” Addiction 116(8): 2175-2184, August 2021.
Zheng, Y.; Wu, Y.; Wang, M.; Wang, Z.; Wang, S.; Wang, J.; Wu, J.; Wu, T.; Chang, C.; Hu, Y., “Impact of a comprehensive tobacco control policy package on acute myocardial infarction and stroke hospital admissions in Beijing, China: interrupted time series study,” Tobacco Control 30(4): 434-442, July 2021.
Khawaja, O.; Al-Mallah, M., “The impact of public smoking ban on the incidence of myocardial infarction hospitalizations,” Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine 11(3): e121-e129, Summer 2010.
Xiao, H.; Qi, F.; Jia, X.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, H.; Li, S.; Yang, G.; Wan, X.; Naghavi, M., “Impact of Qingdao’s smoke-free legislation on hospitalizations and mortality from acute myocardial infarction and stroke: an interrupted time series analysis,” Addiction 115(8): 1561-1570, August 2020.
Mackay, D.F.; Pell, J.P., “Ten-year follow-up of the impact of Scottish smoke-free legislation on acute myocardial infarction,” Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes 12(7): e005392, July 2019.
Kokubo, Y.; Padmanabhan, S., “Necessity of preventing cardiovascular disease by smoke-free policies,” Journal of the American Heart Association 7(23): e011120, December 4, 2018.
Mazzonna, F.; Salari, P., “Can a smoking ban save your heart?,” Health Economics 27(10): 1435-1449, October 2018.
Xiao, H.; Zhang, H.; Wang, D.; Shen, C.; Xu, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Jiang, G.; Yang, G.; Wan, X.; Naghavi, M., “Impact of smoke-free legislation on acute myocardial infarction and stroke mortality: Tianjin, China, 2007–2015,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], January 28, 2019.
Galán, I.; Simón, L.; Boldo, E.; Ortiz, C.; Medrano, M.J.; Fernández-Cuenca, R.; Linares, C.; Pastor-Barriuso, R., “Impact of 2 successive smoking bans on hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases in Spain,” Revista Española Cardiología 71(9): 726-734, September 2018.
Patel, M.T.; Persky, V.W., “ED visits for AMI, stroke, ACS & COPD after the statewide smoking ban in Cook Co., IL,” Online Journal of Public Health Informatics 10(1): e7, 2018.
Weaver, A.M.; Wang, Y.; Rupp, K.; Watson, D.P., “Effects of smoke-free air law on acute myocardial infarction hospitalization in Indianapolis and Marion County, Indiana,” BMC Public Health 18(1): 232, February 9, 2018.
Ho, V.; Ross, J.S.; Steiner, C.A.; Mandawat, A.; Short, M.; Ku-Goto, M.H.; Krumholz, H.M., “A nationwide assessment of the association of smoking bans and cigarette taxes with hospitalizations for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia,” Medical Care Research and Review 74(6): 687-704, December 2017.
Abe, T.M.; Scholz, J.; de Masi, E.; Nobre, M.R.; Filho, R.K., “Decrease in mortality rate and hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction after the enactment of the smoking ban law in São Paulo city, Brazil,” Tobacco Control 26(6): 656-662, November 2017.
Nazzal, C.; Harris, J.E., “Lower incidence of myocardial infarction after smoke-free legislation enforcement in Chile,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 95(10): 674-682, October 1, 2017.
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