This partial bibliography of studies is provided for informational purposes only. It should not be considered to replace medical advice from your physician, nor should it be considered as a list of every existing study on this topic. The ANR Foundation is unable to provide copies of any of the studies. Links to either the study’s abstract or full text are provided when available. The citations referenced below are presented without comment regarding the source, including any potential conflict of interest. Due diligence is recommended in researching the source of any given study before relying on its conclusions.

Henrikse, L.; Andersen-Rodgers, E.; Voelker, D.H.; Johnson, T.O.; Schleicher, N.C., “Evaluations of compliance with California’s first tobacco sales bans and tobacco marketing in restricted and cross-border stores,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Online ahead of print], March 2, 2024.

Seidenberg, A.B.; Henriksen, L.; Ribisl, K.M., “Cigarette promotions in U.S. pharmacies,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 24(4): 612–616, April 2022.

Phillips, A.Z.; Ahern, J.A.; Kerr, W.C.; Rodriguez, H., “Cigarettes smoked among daily and non-daily smokers following CVS Health’s tobacco-free pharmacy policy,” Tobacco Control 31(1): 25-31, January 2022.

Kong, A.Y.; Delamater, P.L.; Gottfredson, N.C.; Ribisl, K.M.; Baggett, C.D.; Golden, S.D., “Neighborhood inequities in tobacco retailer density and the presence of tobacco-selling pharmacies and tobacco shops,” Health Education & Behavior [Online ahead of print], April 19, 2021.

Smith, E.A.; McDaniel, P.A.; Malone, R.E., “California advocates’ perspectives on challenges and risks of advancing the tobacco endgame,” Journal of Public Health Policy 41(3): 321-333, September 2020.

Ali, F.R.M.; Neff, L.; Wang, X.; Hu, S.S.; Shecter, A.; Mahoney, M.; Melstrom, P.C., “Tobacco-free pharmacies and U.S. adult smoking behavior: evidence from CVS Health’s removal of tobacco sales,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 58(1): 41-49, January 2020.

Giovenco, D.P.; Spillane, T.E.; Mauro, C.M.; Hernández, D., “Evaluating the impact and equity of a tobacco-free pharmacy law on retailer density in New York City neighbourhoods,” Tobacco Control 28(5): 548-554, September 2019.

Schroth, K.R.J., “Increasing price and reducing access to tobacco in New York City,” Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 47(Suppl.2): 87-90, June 2019.

Myers, A.E.; Knocke, K.; Leeman, J., “Tapping into multiple data ‘springs’ to strengthen policy streams: a guide to the types of data needed to formulate local retail tobacco control policy,” Preventing Chronic Disease 16(E43): 180282, April 2019.

Mills, S.D.; Henriksen, L.; Golden, S.D.; Kurtzman, R.; Kong, A.Y.; Queen, T.L.; Ribisl, K.M., “Disparities in retail marketing for menthol cigarettes in the United States, 2015,” Health & Place 53: 62-70, September 2018.

Suchanek Hudmon, K.; Elkhadragy, N.; Kusynová, Z.; Besançon, L.; Penick Brock, T.; Corelli, R.L., “Global sale of tobacco products and electronic nicotine delivery systems in community pharmacies,” Tobacco Control 26(e2): e127-e129, December 2017.

Polinski, J.M.; Howell, B.; Gagnon, M.A.; Kymes, S.M.; Brennan, T.A.; Shrank, W.H., “Impact of CVS Pharmacy’s discontinuance of tobacco sales on cigarette purchasing (2012–2014),” American Journal of Public Health 107(4): 556-562, April 1, 2017.

Ackerman, A.; Etow, A.; Bartel, S.; Ribisl, K.M., “Reducing the density and number of tobacco retailers: policy solutions and legal issues,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 19(2): 133-140, February 1, 2017.

Wang, T.W.; Agaku, I.; Marynak, K.L.; King, B.A., “Attitudes toward prohibiting tobacco sales in pharmacy stores among U.S. adults,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 51(6): 1038-1043, December 2016.

Jin, Y.; Klein, E.G.; Berman, M.; Foraker, R.E.; Ferketich, A.K., “Tobacco-free pharmacy laws and trends in tobacco retailer density in California and Massachusetts,” American Journal of Public Health 106(4): 679-685, April 2016.

McDaniel, P.A.; Patzke, H.; Malone, R.E., “Twitter users’ reaction to a chain pharmacy’s decision to end tobacco sales,” Tobacco Induced Diseases 13: 36, November 4, 2015.

McDaniel, P.A.; Offen, N.; Yerger, V.B.; Malone, R.E., “‘A breath of fresh air worth spreading’: media coverage of retailer abandonment of tobacco sales,” American Journal of Public Health 104(3): 562–569, March 2014.

Seidenberg, A.B.; Hong, W.; Liu, J.; Noel, J.K.; Rees, V.W., “Availability and range of tobacco products for sale in Massachusetts pharmacies,” Tobacco Control 22(6): 372-375, November 2013.

Seidenberg, A.B.; Behm, I.; Rees, V.W.; Connolly, G.N., “Cigarette sales in pharmacies in the USA (2005-2009),” Tobacco Control 21(5): 509-510, September 2012.

Smith, D.M.; Hyland, A.J.; Rivard, C.; Bednarczyk, E.M.; Brody, P.M.; Marshall, J.R., “Tobacco sales in pharmacies: a survey of attitudes, knowledge and beliefs of pharmacists employed in student experiential and other worksites in Western New York,” BMC Research Notes 5: 413, August 6, 2012.

Corelli, R.L.; Aschebrook-Kilfoy, B.; Kim, G.; Ambrose, P.J.; Hudmon, K.S., “Availability of tobacco and alcohol products in Los Angeles community pharmacies,” Journal of Community Health 37(1): 113-118, February 2012.

Kotecki, J.E.; Fowler, J.B.; German, T.C.; Stephenson, S.L.; Warnick, T., “Kentucky pharmacists’ opinions and practices related to the sale of cigarettes and alcohol in pharmacies,” Journal of Community Health 25: 343-355, August 2000.

Brown, L.J.; DiFranza, J.R., “Pharmacy promotion of tobacco use among children in Massachusetts,” American Pharmacy NS32(5): 421-424, May 1992.