This partial bibliography of studies is provided for informational purposes only. It should not be considered to replace medical advice from your physician, nor should it be considered as a list of every existing study on this topic. The ANR Foundation is unable to provide copies of any of the studies. Links to either the study’s abstract or full text are provided when available. The citations referenced below are presented without comment regarding the source, including any potential conflict of interest. Due diligence is recommended in researching the source of any given study before relying on its conclusions.

McMeekin, N.; Wu, O.; Boyd, K.A.; Brown, A.; Tweed, E.J.; Best, C.; Craig, P.; Leyland, A.H.; Demou, E.; Byrne, T.; Pell, J.; Semple, S.; Sweeting, H.; Graham, L.; Hunt, K., “Implementation of a national smoke-free prison policy: an economic evaluation within the Tobacco in Prisons (TIPs) study,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], March 7, 2022.

O’Donnell, R.; Brown, A.; Eadie, D.; Mitchell, D.; Bauld, L.; Demou, E.; Purves, R.; Sweeting, H.; Hunt, K., “Challenges associated with e-cigarette use by people in custody in Scottish prisons: a qualitative interview study with prison staff,” BMJ Open 12(2): e051009, February 2022.

Brown, A.; Mitchell, D.; Hunt, K., “Post-implementation perspectives on smokefree prison policy: a qualitative study with staff and people in custody,” European Journal of Public Health 32(1): 112-118, February 2022.

Albany, H.; Richmond, R.; Simpson, M.; Kariminia, A.; Hwang, Y.I.J.; Butler, T., “Smoking beyond prison bans: the impact of prison tobacco bans on smoking among prison entrants,” Journal of Correctional Health Care 27(4): 280-288, December 2021.

Bowe, A.; Marron, L.; Devlin, J.; Kavanagh, P., “An evaluation of the impact of a multicomponent stop smoking intervention in an Irish prison,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(22): 11981, November 15, 2021.

Plugge, E.; Leclerc, E., “Smoking bans in prisons,” Lancet Public Health 6(11): e781-e782, November 1, 2021.

Tweed, E.J.; Mackay, D.F.; Boyd, K.A.; Brown, A.; Byrne, T.; Conaglen, P.; Craig, P.; Demou, E.; Graham, L.; Leyland, A.H.; McMeekin, N.; Pell, J.P.; Sweeting, H.; Hunt, K., “Evaluation of a national smoke-free prisons policy using medication dispensing: an interrupted time-series analysis,” Lancet Public Health 6(11): e795-e804, November 2021.

Valera, P.; Malarkey, S.; Smith, N.; McLaughlin, C., “Exploring the role of telehealth: a novel approach to group-based smoking cessation treatment for men incarcerated in a rural state prison,” Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare [Epub ahead of print], September 15, 2021.

Sweeting, H.; Demou, E.; Brown, A.; Hunt, K., “Prisoners and prison staff express increased support for prison smoking bans following implementation across Scotland: results from the Tobacco In Prisons study,” Tobacco Control 30(5): 597-598, September 2021.

Brown, A.; O’Donnell, R.; Eadie, D.; Ford, A.; Mitchell, D.; Hackett, A.; Sweeting, H.; Bauld, L.; Hunt, K., “E-cigarette use in prisons with recently established smokefree policies: a qualitative interview study with people in custody in Scotland,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 23(6): 939-946, June 2021.

Brown, A.; O’Donnell, R.; Eadie, D.; Purves, R.; Sweeting, H.; Ford, A.; Bauld, L.; Hunt, K., “Initial views and experiences of vaping in prisons: a qualitative study with people in custody preparing for the imminent implementation of Scotland’s prison smokefree policy,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 23(3): 543-549, March 2021.

Demou, E.; Dobson, R.; Sweeting, H.; Brown, A.; Sidwell, S.; O’Donnell, R.; Hunt, K.; Semple, S., “From smoking-permitted to smokefree prisons: a 3-year evaluation of the changes in occupational exposure to second-hand smoke across a national prison system,” Annals of Work Exposures and Health 64(9): 959-969, November 2020.

Brown, A.; Eadie, D.; Purves, R.; Mohan, A.; Hunt, K., “Perspectives on smokefree prison policy among people in custody in Scotland,” International Journal of Prisoner Health 16(4): 389-402, July 29, 2020.

Semple, S.; Dobson, R.; Sweeting, H.; Brown, A.; Hunt, K., “The impact of implementation of a national smokefree prisons policy on indoor air quality: results from the Tobacco in Prisons study,” Tobacco Control 29(2): 234-236, March 2020.

Bondolfi, C.; Taffe, P.; Augsburger, A.; Jaques, C.; Malebranche, M.; Clair, C.; Bodenmann, P., “Impact of incarceration on cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systematic review and meta-regression on weight and BMI change,” BMJ Open 10: e039278, 2020.

Fernandes, A.D., “How far up the river? Criminal justice contact and health outcomes,” Social Currents [Epub ahead of print], August 24, 2019.

Brown, A.; Sweeting, H.; Logan, G.; Demou, E.; Hunt, K., “Prison staff and prisoner views on a prison smoking ban: evidence from the Tobacco in Prisons Study,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 21(8): 1027-1035, August 2019.

Puljevic, C.; Segan, C.J., “Systematic review of factors influencing smoking following release from smoke-free prisons,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 21(8): 1011-1020, July 17, 2019.

Valera, P., “Cigarette smoke and cancer health among incarcerated men in U.S. northeastern prison facilities,” Journal of Correctional Health Care 25(3): 265-276, July 2019.

Young, J.T.; Puljević, C.; Love, A.D.; Janca, E.K.; Segan, C.J.; Baird, D.; Whiffen, R.; Pappos, S.; Bell, E.; Kinner, S.A., “Staying Quit After Release (SQuARe) trial protocol: a randomised controlled trial of a multicomponent intervention to maintain smoking abstinence after release from smoke-free prisons in Victoria, Australia,” BMJ Open 9(6): e027307, June 4, 2019.

Puljević, C.; Coomber, R.; de Andrade, D.; Kinner, S.A., “Barriers and facilitators of maintained smoking abstinence following release from smoke-free prisons: a qualitative enquiry,” International Journal of Drug Policy 68: 9-17, June 2019.

Jayes, L.R.; Murray, R.L.; Opazo Breton, M.; Hill, C.; Ratschen, E.; Britton, J., “Smoke-free prisons in England: indoor air quality before and after implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free policy,” BMJ Open 9(6): e025782, June 2019.

Brown, A.; Sweeting, H.; Semple, S.; Bauld, L.; Demou, E.; Logan, G.; Hunt, K., “Views of prison staff in Scotland on the potential benefits and risks of e-cigarettes in smoke-free prisons: a qualitative focus group study,” BMJ Open 9: e027799, June 25, 2019.

Dugdale, S.; Semper, H.; Povey, R.; Elison-Davies, S.; Davies, G.; Ward, J., “Offenders’ perceptions of the UK prison smoking ban,” International Journal of Prisoner Health 15(2): 114-125, June 10, 2019.

Woodward, E.; Richmond, R., “Significance of reduced number of cigarettes smoked after release from smoke-free prisons,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 194: 195-196, January 1, 2019.

Mitchell, C.; Puljević, C.; Coomber, R.; White, A.; Cresswell, S.L.; Bowman, J.; Kinner, S.A., “Constituents of ‘teabacco’: a forensic analysis of cigarettes made from diverted nicotine replacement therapy lozenges in smoke-free prisons,” Drug Test Analysis 11(1): 140-156, January 2019.

Woodall, J.; Tattersfield, A., “Perspectives on implementing smoke-free prison policies in England and Wales,” Health Promotion International 33(6): 1066-1073, December 1, 2018.

Puljević, C.; Coomber, R.; Kinner, S.A.; de Andrade, D.; Mitchell, C.; White, A.; Cresswell, S.L.; Bowman, J., “‘Teabacco’: smoking of nicotine-infused tea as an unintended consequence of prison smoking bans,” Drug and Alcohol Review 37(7): 912-921, November 2018.

Robinson, A.; Sweeting, H.; Hunt, K., “UK news media representations of smoking, smoking policies and tobacco bans in prisons,” Tobacco Control 27(6):622-63, November 2018.

Jin, X.; Kinner, S.A.; Hopkins, R.; Stockings, E.; Courtney, R.J.; Shakeshaft, A.; Petrie, D.; Dobbins, T.; Dolan, K., “Brief intervention on Smoking, Nutrition, Alcohol and Physical (SNAP) inactivity for smoking relapse prevention after release from smoke-free prisons: a study protocol for a multicentre, investigator-blinded, randomised controlled trial,” BMJ Open 8(10): e021326, October 18, 2018.

Puljević, C.; de Andrade, D.; Carroll, M.; Spittal, M.J.; Kinner, S.A., “Use of prescribed smoking cessation pharmacotherapy following release from prison: a prospective data linkage study,” Tobacco Control 27(4): 474-478, July 2018.

Spaulding, A.C.; Eldridge, G.D.; Chico, C.E.; Morisseau, N.; Drobeniuc, A.; Fils-Aime, R.; Day, C.; Hopkins, R.; Jin, X.; Chen, J.; Dolan, K.A., “Smoking in correctional settings worldwide: prevalence, bans, and interventions,” Epidemiology Review 40(1): 82-95, June 1, 2018.

Gibson-Light, M., “Ramen politics: informal money and logics of resistance in the contemporary American prison,” Qualitative Sociology 41(2): 199–220, June 2018.

Zhang, J., “Prison smoking bans in the United States: current policy, impact and obstacle,” Journal of Hospital Management and Health Policy 2(5): 20, May 2018.

Puljević, C.; Kinner, S.A.; de Andrade, D., “Extending smoking abstinence after release from smoke-free prisons: protocol for a randomised controlled trial,”

Health Justice 5(1): 1, December 2017.

Semple, S.; Sweeting, H.; Demou, E.; Logan, G.; O’Donnell, R.; Hunt, K., “Characterising the exposure of prison staff to second-hand tobacco smoke,” Annals of Work Exposures and Health 61(7): 809-821, August 1, 2017.

Meroueh, F.; Lardeur, J.Y.; Lapostolle, F., “Prisons are at highest risk of death by fire and smoke exposure,” Injury 48(3): 791, March 2017.

Djachenko, A.; St John, W; Mitchell, C., “Smoking cessation in smoke-free prisons: a grounded theory study,” International Journal of Prisoner Health 12(4): 270-279, December 19, 2016.

de Andrade, D.; Kinner, S.A., “Systematic review of health and behavioural outcomes of smoking cessation interventions in prisons,” Tobacco Control 26(5): 495-501, September 2016.

He, C.; Knibbs, L.D.; Tran, Q.; Wang, H.; Laiman, R.; Wang, B.; Gu, Y.; Morawska, L., “Unexpected increase in indoor pollutants after the introduction of a smoke-free policy in a correctional center,” Indoor Air 26(4): 623-633, August 2016.

Muir, S.; Marshall, B., “Changes in health perceptions of male prisoners following a smoking cessation program,” Journal of Correctional Health Care 22(3): 247-256, July 2016.

Frazer, K.; McHugh, J.; Callinan, J.E.; Kelleher, C., “Impact of institutional smoking bans on reducing harms and secondhand smoke exposure (review),” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 5, May 27, 2016.

Valera, P.; Bachman, L.; Rucker, A.J., “A qualitative study of smoking behaviors among newly released justice-involved men and women in New York City,” Health & Social Work 41(2): 121-128, May 2016.

Hefler, M.; Hopkins, R.; Thomas, D.P., “Successes and unintended consequences of the Northern Territory’s smoke-free prisons policy: results from a process evaluation,” Public Health Research & Practice 26(2): 2621619, April 15, 2016.

Turan, O.; Turan, P.A., “Smoking-related behaviors and effectiveness of smoking cessation therapy among prisoners and prison staff,” Respiratory Care 61(4):434-438, April 2016.

Jayes, L.R.; Ratschen, E.; Murray, R.L.; Dymond-White, S.; Britton, J., “Second-hand smoke in four English prisons: an air quality monitoring study,” BMC Public Health 16: 119, 2016.

Howell, B.A.; Guydish, J.; Kral, A.H.; Comfort, M., “Prevalence and factors associated with smoking tobacco among men recently released from prison in California: a cross-sectional study,” Addictive Behaviors 50: 157-160, November 2015.

Jalali, F.; Afshari, R.; Babaei, A.; Abasspour, H.; Vahedian-Shahroodi, M., “Comparing motivational interviewing-based treatment and its combination with nicotine replacement therapy on smoking cessation in prisoners: a randomized controlled clinical trial,” Electronic Physician 7(6):1318-1324, October 19, 2015.

Butler, T.G.; Yap, L., “Smoking bans in prison: time for a breather?,” Medical Journal of Australia 203(8): 313, October 19, 2015.

Kennedy, S.M.; Davis, S.P.; Thorne, S.L., “Smoke-free policies in U.S. prisons and jails: a review of the literature,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 17(6): 629-635, June 2015.

Turan, O., “Smoking status and the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in prison,” Journal of Addiction Medicine 9(2): 118-22, March-April 2015.

Djachenko, A.; St John, W.; Mitchell, C., “Smoking cessation in male prisoners: a literature review,” International Journal of Prisoner Health 11(1): 39-48, 2015.

Naik, S.; Khanagar, S.; Kumar, A.; Ramachandra, S.; Vadavadagi, S.V.; Dhananjaya, K.M., “Assessment of effectiveness of smoking cessation intervention among male prisoners in India: a randomized controlled trial,”

Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry 4(Suppl 2): S110-5, December 2014.

O’Moore, É.; Davies, K.; Mulholland, I., “A partnership approach to implementing smoke-free prisons,” BMJ 349: g5443, September 9, 2014.

Sullivan, D.H.; Rees, M.A., “Smoking bans in secure psychiatric hospitals and prisons,” Journal of Law and Medicine 22(1): 22-30, September 2014.

Binswanger, I.A.; Carson, E.A.; Krueger, P.M.; Mueller, S.R.; Steiner, J.F.; Sabol, W.J., “Prison tobacco control policies and deaths from smoking in United States prisons: population based retrospective analysis,” BMJ 349, August 5, 2014.

van den Berg, J.J.; Bock, B.; Roberts, M.B.; Stein, L.A.R.; Friedmann, P.D.; Martin, S.A.; Clarke, J.G., “Cigarette smoking as an expression of independence and freedom among inmates in a tobacco-free prison in the United States,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 16(2): 238-242, February 2014.

Collier, R., “Prison smoking bans: clearing the air,” CMAJ 185(10): E474, July 9, 2013.

Bonita, R.; Beaglehole, R., “New Zealand leads the way in banning smoking in prisons,” BMJ 346: f3923, June 18, 2013.

Richmond, R.; Indig, D.; Butler, T.; Wilhelm, K.; Archer, V.; Wodak, A., “A randomized controlled trial of a smoking cessation intervention conducted among prisoners,” Addiction 108(5): 966-974, May 2013.

Ritter, C.; Elger, B.S., “Second-hand tobacco smoke in prison: tackling a public health matter through research,” Public Health 127(2): 119-124, February 2013.

Etter, J.F.; Ritter, C.; Christie, D.H.; Kunz, M.; Rieder, J.P.; Humair, J.P.; Wolff, H.; Eytan, A.; Wahl, C.; Elger, B., “Implementation and impact of anti-smoking interventions in three prisons in the absence of appropriate legislation,” Preventive Medicine 55(5): 474-481, November 2012.

Martin, S.A.; Celli, B.R.; Difranza, J.R.; Krinzman, S.J.; Clarke, J.G.; Beam, H.; Howard, S.; Foster, M.; Goldberg, R.J., “Health effects of the Federal Bureau of Prisons tobacco ban,” BMC Pulmonary Medicine 12: 64, October 15, 2012.

Thibodeau, L.; Seal, D.W.; Jorenby, D.E.; Corcoran, K.; Sosman, J.M., “Perceptions and influences of a state prison smoking ban,” Journal of Correctional Health Care 18(4): 293-301, October 2012.

Ritter, C.; Huynh, C.K.; Etter, J.F.; Elger, B.S., “Exposure to tobacco smoke before and after a partial smoking ban in prison: indoor air quality measures,” Tobacco Control 21(5): 488-491, September 2012.

Makris, E.; Gourgoulianis, K.I.; Hatzoglou, C., “Prisoners and cigarettes or ‘imprisoned in cigarettes’? What helps prisoners quit smoking?,” BMC Public Health 12: 508, July 7, 2012.

Collinson, L.; Wilson, N.; Edwards, R.; Thomson, G.; Thornley, S., “New Zealand’s smokefree prison policy appears to be working well: one year on,” New Zealand Medical Journal 125(1357): 164-168, June 29, 2012.

Clarke, J.G.; Martin, R.A.; Stein, L.; Lopes, C.E.; Mello, J.; Friedmann, P.; Bock, B., “Working Inside for Smoking Elimination (Project W.I.S.E.) study design and rationale to prevent return to smoking after release from a smoke free prison,” BMC Public Health 11: 767, October 5, 2011.

Lasnier, B.; Cantinotti, M.; Guyon, L.; Royer, A.; Brochu, S.; Chayer, L., “Implementing an indoor smoking ban in prison: enforcement issues and effects on tobacco use, exposure to second-hand smoke and health of inmates,” Canadian Journal of Public Health 102(4):249-253, July-August 2011.

Gautam, J.; Glover, M.; Scott, A.; Welch, D., “Smokefree prisons in New Zealand: maximising the health gain,” New Zealand Medical Journal 124(1338):100-106, July 8, 2011.

Kauffman, R.M.; Ferketich, A.K.; Murray, D.M.; Bellair, P.E.; Wewers, M.E., “Tobacco use by male prisoners under an indoor smoking ban,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 13(6): 449-456, June 2011.

Ritter, C.; Stöver, H.; Levy, M.; Etter, J.F.; Elger, B., “Smoking in prisons: the need for effective and acceptable interventions,” Journal of Public Health Policy 32(1): 32-45, February 2011.

Papadodima, S.A.; Sakelliadis, E.I.; Sergentanis, T.N.; Giotakos, O.; Sergentanis, I.N.; Spiliopoulou, C.A., “Smoking in prison: a hierarchical approach at the crossroad of personality and childhood events,” European Journal of Public Health 20(4): 470-474, August 2010.

Kauffman, R.M.; Ferketich, A.K.; Murray, D.M.; Bellair, P.E.; Wewers, M.E., “Measuring tobacco use in a prison population,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 12(6): 582-588, June 2010.

Foley, K.L.; Proescholdbell, S.; Herndon Malek, S.; Johnson, J., “Implementation and enforcement of tobacco bans in two prisons in North Carolina: a qualitative inquiry,” Journal of Correctional Health Care 16(2): 98-105, April 2010.

Thibodeau, L.; Jorenby, D.E.; Seal, D.W.; Kim, S.Y.; Sosman, J.M., “Prerelease intent predicts smoking behavior postrelease following a prison smoking ban,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 12(2): 152-158, February 2010.

Eldridge, G.D.; Cropsey, K.L., “Smoking bans and restrictions in U.S. prisons and jails: consequences for incarcerated women,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 37(2 Suppl): S179-S180, August 2009.

Lincoln, T.; Tuthill, R.W.; Roberts, C.A.; Kennedy, S.; Hammett, T.M.; Langmore-Avila, E.; Conklin, T.J., “Resumption of smoking after release from a tobacco-free correctional facility,” Journal of Correctional Health Care 15(3): 190-196, July 2009.

Richmond, R.; Butler, T.; Wilhelm, K.; Wodak, A.; Cunningham, M.; Anderson, I., “Tobacco in prisons: a focus group study,” Tobacco Control 18(3): 176-182, June 2009.

McNabola, A.; Gill, L.W., “The control of environmental tobacco smoke: a policy review,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 6(2): 741-758, February 2009.

Cropsey, K.; Eldridge, G.; Weaver, M.; Villalobos, G.; Stitzer, M.; Best, A., “Smoking cessation intervention for female prisoners: addressing an urgent public health need,” American Journal of Public Health 98(10): 1894–1901, October 2008.

Kauffman, R.M.; Ferketich, A.K.; Wewers, M.E., “Tobacco policy in American prisons, 2007,” Tobacco Control 17(5): 357-360, October 2008.

Lawrence, S.; Welfare, H., “The effects of the introduction of the no-smoking policy at HMYOI Warren Hill on bullying behaviour,” International Journal of Prisoner Health 4(3): 134-145, September 2008.

Proescholdbell, S.K.; Foley, K.L.; Johnson, J.; Malek, S.H., “Indoor air quality in prisons before and after implementation of a smoking ban law,” Tobacco Control 17(2): 123-127, April 1, 2008.

Richmond, R.L.; Butler, T.; Belcher, J.M.; Wodak, A.; Wilhelm, K.A.; Baxter, E. “Promoting smoking cessation among prisoners: feasibility of a multi-component intervention,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 30(5): 474-478, October 2006.

Cropsey, K.L.; Eldridge, G.D.; Weaver, M.F.; Villalobos, G.C.; Stitzer, M.L., “Expired carbon monoxide levels in self-reported smokers and nonsmokers in prison,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 8(5): 653-659, October 2006.

Butler, T.; Richmond, R.; Belcher, J.; Wilhelm, K.; Wodak, A., “Should smoking be banned in prisons?,” Tobacco Control 16(5): 291-293, October 2007.

Sieminska, A.; Jassem, E.; Konopa, K., “Prisoners’ attitudes towards cigarette smoking and smoking cessation: a questionnaire study in Poland,” BMC Public Health 6: 181, July 7, 2006.

Belcher, J.M.; Butler, T.; Richmond, R.L.; Wodak, A.D.; Wilhelm, K., “Smoking and its correlates in an Australian prisoner population,” Drug and Alcohol Review 25(4): 343-348, July 2006.

[n.a.], “QuickStats: cigarette smoking prevalence among adults aged >18 years who have ever spent >24 hours on the streets, in a shelter, or in a jail or prison by sex — United States, 2004*,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 55(10): 287, March 17, 2006.

Lincoln, T.; Chavez, R.S.; Langmore-Avila, E., “US experience of smoke-free prisons,” BMJ 331(7530): 1473, December 17, 2005.

O’Dowd, A., “Smoking ban in prisons would lead to more assaults on staff,” BMJ 331(7527): 1228, November 26, 2005.

Durrah, T.L., “Correlates of daily smoking among female arrestees in New York City and Los Angeles, 1997,” American Journal of Public Health 95(10): 1788–1792, October 2005.

Hammond, S.K.; Emmons, K.M., “Inmate exposure to secondhand smoke in correctional facilities and the impact of smoking restrictions,” Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 15(3): 205-211, May 2005.

Cropsey, K.L.; Kristeller, J.L., “The effects of a prison smoking ban on smoking behavior and withdrawal symptoms,” Addictive Behaviors 30(3):589-594, March 2005.

Sweda, Jr., E.L., “Lawsuits and secondhand smoke,” Tobacco Control 13(Suppl. I): i61-i66, March 2004.

Cropsey, K.; Eldridge, G.D.; Ladner, T., “Smoking among female prisoners: an ignored public health epidemic,” Addictive Behaviors 29(2): 425-431, February 2004.

Cropsey, K.L.; Kristeller, J.L., “Motivational factors related to quitting smoking among prisoners during a smoking ban,” Addictive Behaviors 8(6): 1081-1093, August 2003.

Carpenter, M.J.; Hughes, J.R.; Solomon, L.J.; Powell, T.A., “Smoking in correctional facilities: a survey of employees,” Tobacco Control 10(1): 38-42, March 2001.

Spurgeon, D., “Canadian prisoners strike over smoking ban,” BMJ 321(7258): 402, August 12, 2000.

Skolnick, A., “While some correctional facilities go smoke-free, others appear to help inmates to light up,” Journal of the American Medical Association 264(12): 1509+, September 26, 1990.

Skolnick, A., “Jails lead prisons in smoking bans,” Journal of the American Medical Association 264(12): 1514, September 26, 1990.