This partial bibliography of studies is provided for informational purposes only. It should not be considered to replace medical advice from your physician, nor should it be considered as a list of every existing study on this topic. The ANR Foundation is unable to provide copies of any of the studies. Links to either the study’s abstract or full text are provided when available. The citations referenced below are presented without comment regarding the source, including any potential conflict of interest. Due diligence is recommended in researching the source of any given study before relying on its conclusions.

Semple, S.; Dobson, R.; Sweeting, H.; Brown, A.; Hunt, K., “The impact of implementation of a national smoke-free prisons policy on indoor air quality: results from the Tobacco in Prisons study,” Tobacco Control 29(2): 234-236, March 2020.

Folkerth, M.; Adcock, K.; Singler, M.; Bishop, E., “Citizen science: a new approach to smoke-free policy advocacy,” Health Promotion and Practice 21(1_suppl): 82S-88S, January 2020.

Jayes, L.R.; Murray, R.L.; Opazo Breton, M,; Hill, C.; Ratschen, E.; Britton, J., “Smoke-free prisons in England: indoor air quality before and after implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free policy,” BMJ Open 9(6): e025782, June 14, 2019.

Canha, N.; Lage, J.; Coutinho, J.T.; Alves, C.; Almeida, S.M., “Comparison of indoor air quality during sleep in smokers and non-smokers’ bedrooms: a preliminary study,” Environmental Pollution 249: 248-256, June 2019.

Seidenberg, A.B.; Orlan, E.N.; Travers, M.J.; Sufin, E.L., “Air quality and presence of air ventilation systems inside waterpipe cafés in North Carolina,” Tobacco Control 28(3): 356-358, May 2019.

Williams, Jr., R.D.; Housman, J.M.; Evans, J.L., “Continued reduction of particulate matter in bars six months after adoption of a smokefree ordinance,” Journal of Environmental Health 81(1): 8-15, July-August 2018.

Li, L.; Ho, S.S.H.; Chow, J.C.; Watson, J.G.; Lee, F.S.C.; Cui, L.; Gao, Y.; Dai, W.; Ho, K.F.; Huang, Y.; Cao, J., “Characterization and health risk assessment of PM2.5-bound organics inside and outside of Chinese smoking lounges,” Chemosphere 186: 438-445, November 2017.

Bohac, D.L.; Waldhart, E.; Zhou, Z.; Hewett, M., “Personal vehicle secondhand smoke exposure for various ventilation modes,” Tobacco Regulatory Science 3(4): 492-503, October 2017.

Weitzman, M.; Yusufali, A.H.; Bali, F.; Ruzmyn Vilcassim, M.M.; Gandhi, S.; Peltier, R.; Nadas, A.; Sherman, S.; Lee, L.; Hong, Z.; Shearston, J.; Hyun Park, S.; Gordon, T., “Effects of hookah smoking on indoor air quality in homes,” Tobacco Control 26(5): 586-591, September 2017.

Kim, H.; Lee, K.; An, J.; Won, S., “Determination of secondhand smoke leakage from the smoking room of an internet café,” Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association [Epub ahead of print], June 13, 2017.

Klepeis, N.E.; Bellettiere, J.; Hughes, S.C.; Nguyen, B.; Berardi, V.; Liles, S.; Obayashi, S.; Hofstetter, C.R.; Blumberg, E.; Hovell, M.F., “Fine particles in homes of predominantly low-income families with children and smokers: key physical and behavioral determinants to inform indoor-air-quality interventions,” PLoS ONE 12(5): e0177718, May 17, 2017.

Muthumalage, T.; Pritsos, K.; Hunter, K.; Pritsos, C., “Commonly used air filters fail to eliminate secondhand smoke induced oxidative stress and inflammatory responses,” Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods[Epub ahead of print], April 16, 2017.

Buettner-Schmidt, K.; Boursaw, B.; Lobo, M.L.; Travers, M.J., “Tobacco smoke pollution in hospitality venues before and after passage of statewide smoke-free legislation,” Public Health Nursing34(2): 166-175, March-April 2017.

Chan, W.; Lee, S.C.; Li, D.; Chen, X.K., “Cigarette induced PM2. 5 in hotel rooms: an assessment of the effectiveness of management’s mitigating measures,” International Journal of Hospitality Management 60: 42-47, January 2017.

Jayes, L.R.; Ratschen, E.; Murray, R.L.; Dymond-White, S.; Britton, J., “Second-hand smoke in four English prisons: an air quality monitoring study,” BMC Public Health 16: 119, 2016.

Zhou, Z.; Bohac, D.; Boyle, R.G., “Continuous weeklong measurements of indoor particle levels in a Minnesota tribal casino resort,” BMC Public Health 16(1): 870, August 24, 2016.

Kim, J.; Ban, H.; Hwang, Y.; Ha, K.; Lee, K., “Impact of partial and comprehensive smoke-free regulations on indoor air quality in bars,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(8): 754, July 26, 2016.

Fu, M.; Fernández, E.; Martínez-Sánchez, J.M.; San Emeterio, N.; Quirós, N.; Sureda, X.; Ballbè, M.; Muñoz, G.; Riccobene, A.; Centrich, F.; Saltó, E.; López, M.J., “Second-hand smoke exposure in indoor and outdoor areas of cafés and restaurants: need for extending smoking regulation outdoors?,” Environmental Research 148: 421-428, July 2016.

Jackson-Morris, A.; Bleymann, K.; Lyall, E.; Aslam, F.; Bam, T.S.; Chowdhury, I.; Daouda, E.A.; Espinosa, M.; Romo, J.; Singh, R.J.; Semple, S., “Low-cost air quality monitoring methods to assess compliance with smoke-free regulations: a multi-center study in six low and middle-income countries,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research[Epub ahead of print], January 26, 2016.

Kleipeis, N.E.; Dhaliwal, N.; Hayward, G.; Acevedo-Bolton, V.; Ott, W.R.; Read, N.: Layton, S.; Jiang, R.; Cheng, K.; Hildemann, L.M.; Repace, J.L.; Taylor, S.; Ong, S.; Buchting, F.O.; Lee, J.P.; Moore, R.S., “Measuring indoor air quality and engaging California Indian stakeholders at theWin-River Resort and Casino: collaborative smoke-free policy development,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(1): 143, January 2016.

Rosen, L.; Zucker, D.; Hovell, M.; Brown, N.; Ram, A.; Myers, V., “Feasibility of measuring tobacco smoke air pollution in homes: report from a pilot study,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12(12): 15129-15142, November 30, 2015.

Few, J.R.; Bartter, T.; Steliga, M.; Donald, K.; Wheeler, G; Bartter, T.; Andersen, J., “Particulate exposure at two Arkansas racinos; unsafe environments?,” Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society 112(7): 117-118, November 2015.

Semple, S.; Apsley, A.; Ibrahim, T.A.; Turner, S.W.; Cherrie, J.W., “Fine particulate matter concentrations in smoking households: just how much secondhand smoke do you breathe in if you live with a smoker who smokes indoors?,” Tobacco Control 24(e3): e205-e211, October 2015.

Peesing, J.; Charoenca, N.; Tipayarom, A.; Kungskulniti, N.; Hamann, S.L.; Pitayarangsarit, S., “Tobacco smoke pollution from designated smoking rooms in Bangkok’s major international airport,” Environment and Natural Resources Journal 13(2): 26-32, July-December, 2015.

Shamo, F.; Wilson, T.; Kiley, J.; Repace, J., “Assessing the effect of Michigan’s Smoke-Free Law on air quality inside restaurants and casinos: a before-and-after observational study,” BMJ Open 5(7): e007530, July 16, 2015.

Travers, M.J.; Vogl, L., “Florence, Alabama indoor air quality monitoring study,” Buffalo, NY: Roswell Park Cancer Institute, February 2015.

Vardavas, C.I.; Karabela, M.; Agaku, I.T.; Matsunaga, Y.; Myridakis, A.; Kouvarakis, A.; Stephanou, E.G.; Lymperi, M.; Behrakis, P.K., “Secondhand smoke exposure within semi-open air cafes and tobacco specific 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanol (NNAL) concentrations among nonsmoking employees,” International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 27(5): 875-881, October 2014.

Cho, H.; Lee, K.; Hwang, Y.; Richardson, P.; Bratset, H.; Teeters, E.; Record, R.; Riker, C.; Hahn, E.J., “Outdoor tobacco smoke exposure at the perimeter of a tobacco-free university,” Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 64(8): 863-866, August 2014.

Semple, S.; Latif, N., “How long does secondhand smoke remain in household air: analysis of PM2.5 data from smokers’ homes,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], June 5, 2014.

van der Deen, F.S.; Pearson, A.L.; Petrovic’, D.; Collinson, L., “Exploring the potential for the drift of secondhand smoke from outdoor to indoor dining areas of restaurants in New Zealand,” Journal of the New Zealand Medical Association 127(1396), June 20, 2014.

Konstantopoulou, S.S.; Behrakis, P.K.; Lazaris, A.C.; Nicolopoulou-Stamati, P., “Indoor air quality in a bar/restaurant before and after the smoking ban in Athens, Greece,” Science of the Total Environment476-477: 136-143, April 2014.

Babb, S.; McNeil, C.; Kruger, J.; Tynan, M.A., “Secondhand smoke and smoking restrictions in casinos: a review of the evidence,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], March 7, 2014.

Jones, I.A.; St. Helen, G.; Meyers, M.J.; Dempsey, D.A.; Havel, C.; Jacob, III, P.; Northcross, A.; Hammond, S.K.; Benowitz, N.L., “Biomarkers of secondhand smoke exposure in automobiles,” Tobacco Control 23(1): 51-57, January 2014.

Peya, J.; van Drooge, B.L.; Ripoll, A.; Moreno, T.; Grimalt, J.O.; Querol, X.; Alastuey, A., “An evaluation of mass, number concentration, chemical composition and types of particles in a cafeteria before and after the passage of an antismoking law,” Particuology 11(5): 527-532, October 2013.

Collins, D.; Parsons, M.; Zinyemba, C., “Air quality at outdoor community events: findings from fine particulate (PM) sampling at festivals in Edmonton, Alberta,” International Journal of Environmental Health Research [Epub ahead of print], July 1, 2013.

Sureda, X.; Fernandez, E.; Lopez, M.J.; Nebot, M., “Second-hand tobacco smoke exposure in open and semi-open settings: a systematic review,” Envirionmental Health Perspectives 121(7): 766-773, July 2013.

Acevedo-Bolton, V.; Ott, W.R.; Cheng, K.C.; Jiang, R.T.; Klepeis, N.E.; Hildemann, L.M. “Controlled experiments measuring personal exposure to PM in close proximity to cigarette smoking,” Indoor Air[Epub ahead of print], June 29, 2013.

Yamato, H.; Mori, N.; Horie, R.; Garcon, L.; Taniguchi, M.; Armada, F., “Designated smoking areas in streets where outdoor smoking is banned,” Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences 59(3): E93-E105, June 17, 2013.

Licht, A.S.; Hyland, A.; Travers, M.J.; Chapman, S., “Secondhand smoke exposure levels in outdoor hospitality venues: a qualitative and quantitative review of the research literature,” Tobacco Control 22(3): 172-179, May 2013.

Lopez, M.J.; Fernandez, E.; Perez-Rios, M.; Martinez-Sanchez, J.M.; Schiaffino, A.; Galan, I.; Moncada, A.; Fu, M.; Montes, A.; Salto, E.; Nebot, M., “Impact of the 2011 Spanish smoking ban in hospitality venues: indoor secondhand smoke exposure and influence of outdoor smoking,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 15(5): 992-996, May 2013.

Gini, M.; Lianou, M.; Chalbot, M.C.; Kotronarou, A.; Kavouras, I.G.; Helmis, C.G., “Quantification of environmental tobacco smoke contribution on outdoor particulate aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons,” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 64(3): 347-356, April 2013.

Liu, R.; Jiang, Y.; Travers, M.J.; Li, Q.; Hammond, S.K., “Evaluating the efficacy of different smoking policies in restaurants and bars in Beijing, China: a four-year follow-up study,” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health [Epub ahead of print], March 14, 2013.

Ghosh, J.K.; Wilhelm, M.; Ritz, B., “Effects of residential indoor air quality and household ventilation on preterm birth and term low birth weight in Los Angeles County, California,” American Journal of Public Health [Epub ahead of print], February 14, 2013.

Thornley, S.; Dirks, K.N.; Edwards, R.; Woodward, A.; Marshall, R., “Indoor air pollution levels were halved as a result of a national tobacco ban in a New Zealand prison,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research15(2): 343-347, February 2013.

Christophi, C.A.; Paisi, M.; Pampaka, D.; Kehagias, M.; Vardavas, C.; Connolly, G.N., “The impact of the Cyprus comprehensive smoking ban on air quality and economic business of hospitality venues,” BMC Public Health [Epub ahead of print], January 27, 2013.

Carlsten, C; Dimich-Ward, H.; DyBuncio, A.; Becker, A.B.; Chan-Yeung, M., “Cotinine versus questionnaire: early-life environmental tobacco smoke exposure and incident asthma,” BMC Pediatrics12:187, December 5, 2012.

Vardavas, C.I.; Anagnostopoulos, N.; Kougias, M.; Evangelopoulou, V.; Connolly, G.N.; Behrakis, P.K. , “Acute pulmonary effects of sidestream secondhand smoke at simulated car concentrations,”Xenobiotica [Epub ahead of print], December 4, 2012.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Indoor air quality at nine large-hub airports with and without designated smoking areas – United State, October-November 2012,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 61(46): 948-951, November 23, 2012.

Wilson, T.; Shamo, F.; Boynton, K.; Kiley, J., “The impact of Michigan’s Dr Ron Davis smoke-free air law on levels of cotinine, tobacco-specific lung carcinogen and severity of self-reported respiratory symptoms among non-smoking bar employees,” Tobacco Control 21(6): 593-595, November 1, 2012.

Sureda, X.; Martinez-Sanchez, J.M.; Lopez, M.J.; Fu, M.; Aguero, F.; Salto, E.; Nebot, M.; Fernandez, E., “Secondhand smoke levels in public building main entrances: outdoor and indoor PM2.5 assessment,” Tobacco Control 21(6): 543-548, November 1, 2012.

Cochran, C.; Henriques, D.; York, N.; Lee, K., “Risk of exposure to second hand smoke for adolescents in Las Vegas casinos: an evaluation of the Nevada Clean Indoor Air Act,” Journal of Health and Human Services Administration 35(2): 231-252, Fall 2012.

Repace, J.; Zhang, B.; Bondy, S.J.; Benowitz, N.; Ferrence, R., “Air quality, mortality, and economic benefits of a smoke-free workplace law for non-smoking Ontario bar workers, Indoor.Air [Epub ahead of print] September 24, 2012.

Klepeis, N.E.; Omoto, J.; Ong, S.; Sahota Omoto, H.; Dhaliwal, N., “Small proportions of actively-smoking patrons and high PM2.5 levels in southern California tribal casinos: support for smoking bans or designated smoking areas,” BMC Public Health 12: 819, September 22, 2012.

Fiala, S.C.; Morris, D.S.; Pawlak, R.L., “Measuring indoor air quality of hookah lounges,” American Journal of Public Health [Epub ahead of print], September 20, 2012.

Patel, V.; Thomson, G.; Wilson, N., “Smoking increases air pollution levels in city streets: observational and fine particulate data,” Health & Place 18(5): 1202-1205, September 5, 2012.

Apsley, A.; Semple, S., “Secondhand smoke levels in Scottish bars 5 years on from the introduction of smoke-free legislation,” Tobacco Control 21(5): 511-513, September 2012.

Gee, I.L.; Semple, S.; Watson, A.; Crossfield, A., “Nearly 85% of tobacco smoke is invisible: a confirmation of previous claims,”Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], August 25, 2012.

Lawhorn, N.A.; Lirette, D.K.; Klink, J.L.; Hu, C.Y.; Contreras, C.; Bryant, T.R.; Brown, L.F.; Diaz, J.H., “Workplace exposure to secondhand smoke among non-smoking hospitality employees,”Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], August 24, 2012.

Lopez, M.J.; Fernandez, E.; Gorini, G.; Moshammer, H.; Polanska, K.; Clancy, L.; Dautzenberg, B.; Delrieu, A.; Invernizzi, G.; Munoz, G.; Precioso, J.; Ruprecht, A.; Stansty, P.; Hanke, W.; Nebot, M., “Exposure to secondhand smoke in terraces and other outdoor areas of hospitality venues in eight European countries,” PLoS One 7(8): e42130, August 2012.

McCaffrey, M.; Goodman, P.; Gavigan, A.; Kenny, C.; Hogg, C.; Byrne, L.; McLaughlin, J.; Young, K.; Clancy, L., “Should any workplace be exempt from smoke-free law: the Irish experience,”Journal of Environmental and Public Health [Epub ahead of print], 2012.

St. Helen, G.; Bernert, J.T.; Hall, D.B.; Sosnoff, C.S.; Xia, Y.; Balmes, J.R.; Vena, J.E.; Wang, J.S.; Holland, N.T.; Naeher, L.P., “Exposure to secondhand smoke outside of a bar and a restaurant and tobacco exposure biomarkers in non-smokers,” Environmental Health Perspectives [Epub ahead of print], April 6, 2012..

Thornley, S.; Dirks, K.N.; Edwards, R.; Woodward, A.; Marshall, R., “Indoor air pollution levels were halved as a result of a national tobacco ban in a New Zealand prison,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research[Epub ahead of print], May 15, 2012.

Vardavas, C.I.; Anagnostopoulos, N.; Patelarou, E.; Minas, M.; Nakou, C.; Dramba, V.; Giourgouli, G.; Bagkeris, E.; Gourgoulianis, K.; Pattaka, P.; Antoniadis, A.; Lionis, C.; Bertic, M.; Dockery, D.; Connolly, G.N.; Behrakis, P.K., “Five-year trends of second-hand smoke exposure in Greece: a comparison between complete, partial, and prelegislation levels,” Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery [Epub ahead of print], March 6, 2012.

Barrientos-Gutierrez, T.; Amick III, B.; Gimeno, D.; Reynales-Shigematsu, L.M.; Delclos, G.L.; Harrist, R.B.; Kelder, S.H.; Lazcano-Ponce, E.; Hernandez-Ávila, M., “Mechanical systems versus smoking bans for secondhand smoke control,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research14(3): 282-289, March 2012.

McNabola, A.; Eyre, G.J.; Gill, L.W., “Environmental tobacco smoke in designated smoking areas in the hospitality industry: exposure measurements, exposure modelling and policy assessment,” Environment International [Epub ahead of print], February 22, 2012.

Semple, S.; Apsley, A.; Galea, K.S.; Friel, B.; Snelgrove, V.; MacCalman, L., “Secondhand smoke in cars: assessing children’s potential exposure during typical journey conditions,” Tobacco Control[Epub ahead of print], January 17, 2012.

Jones, M.R.; Wipfli, H.; Shahrir, S.; Avila-Tang, E.; Samet, J.M.; Breysse, P.N.; Navas-Acien, A., “Secondhand tobacco smoke: an occupational hazard for smoking and non-smoking bar and nightclub employees,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], January 24, 2012.

Cobb, C.O.; Vansickel, A.R.; Blank, M.D.; Jentink, K.; Travers, M.J.; Eissenberg, T., “Indoor air quality in Virginia waterpipe cafés,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], 2012.

Edward, R.; Wilson, N., “Smoking outdoors at pubs and bars: is it a problem? An air quality study,” Journal of the New Zealand Medical Association [Epub ahead of print], December 16, 2011.

Marin, H.A.; Diaz-Toro, E.C., “Reduced exposure to secondhand smoke at casinos in Puerto Rico after the Implementation of a workplace smoking ban in 2007: a pre-post design,” Puerto Rico Health Science Journal 30(4): 182-187, December 2011.

Apsley, A.; Semple, S., “Secondhand smoke levels in Scottish bars 5 years on from the introduction of smoke-free legislation,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], October 31, 2011.

Semple, S.; Garden, C.; Coggins, M.; Galea, K.S.; Whelan, P.; Cowie, H.; Sanchez-Jimenez, A.; Thorne, P.S.; Hurley, J.F.; Ayres, J.G., “Contribution of solid fuel, gas combustion, or tobacco smoke to indoor air pollutant concentrations in Irish and Scottish homes,” Indoor Air [Epub ahead of print], October 18, 2011.

St. Helen, G.; Hall, D.B.; Kudon, L.H.; Baptiste, S.; Ferguson, S.; Green, T.; Naeher, L.R.; Pearce, J., “Particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide from secondhand smoke outside bars and restaurants in downtown Athens, Georgia,” Journal of Environmental Health 74(3): 8-17, October 2011.

Nebot, M.; Sureda, X.; Martinez-Sanchez, J.M.; Lopez, M.J.; Fu, M.; Aguero, F.; Salto, E., “Secondhand smoke levels in public building main entrances: outdoor and indoor PM2.5 assessment,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], September 28, 2011.

Repace, J.L., “Air quality in Michigan restaurants & casinos before and after Michigan’s Dr. Ron Davis State Smoke-Free Law,” Bowie, MD: Repace Associates, Inc.; Lansing, MI: Michigan Department Of Community Health, September 14, 2011.

Lopez, M.J.; Burhoo, P.; Moussa, L.; Nebot, M., “Secondhand smoke assessment in the first African country adopting a comprehensive smoke-free law (Mauritius),” Environmental Research [Epub ahead of print], September 2011.

Raute, L.J.; Gupta, P.C.; Pednekar, M.S., “Smoking ban and indoor air quality in restaurants in Mumbai, India,” Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 15(2): 68-72, May-August, 2011.

Repace, J.L., “Air quality in Grand Rapids restaurant bars: before and after Michigan’s Dr. Ron Davis State Smoke-free Law,” Lansing, MI: Michigan Department Of Community Health, Tobacco Section, June 16, 2011.

Nafees, A.A.; Taj, T.; Kadir, M.M.; Fatmi, Z.; Lee, K.; Sathiakumar, N., “Indoor air pollution (PM2.5) due to secondhand smoke in selected hospitality and entertainment venues of Karachi, Pakistan,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], June 15, 2011.

Repace, J.L., “Air quality in Ann Arbor restaurants: before and after Michigan’s Dr. Ron Davis State Smoke-free Law,” Bowie, MD: Repace Associates, Inc.; Lansing, MI: Michigan Department Of Community Health, Tobacco Section, June 14, 2011.

Repace, J.L., “Air quality in Detroit casinos: before and After Michigan’s Dr. Ron Davis State Smoke-free Law,” Bowie, MD: Repace Associates, Inc.; Lansing, MI: Michigan Department Of Community Health, Tobacco Section, May 27, 2011.

Repace, J.L., “Air quality in Detroit restaurants: before and After Michigan’s Dr. Ron Davis State Smoke-free Law,” Bowie, MD: Repace Associates, Inc.;Lansing, MI: Michigan Department Of Community Health, Tobacco Section, May 26, 2011.

Gleich, F.; Mons, U.; Pötschke-Langer, M., “Air contamination due to smoking in German restaurants, bars, and other venues: before and after the implementation of a partial smoking ban,” Nicotine & Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], May 26, 2011.

Cowan, S.R., “Kansas City area casinos air quality monitoring study,” University of Missouri Health Columbia School of Medicine, May 23, 2011.

Kaufman, P.; Zhang, B.; Bondy, S.J.; Klepeis, N.; Ferrence, R., “Not just ‘a few wisps’: real-time measurement of tobacco smoke at entrances to office buildings,” Tobacco Control 20(3): 212-218, May 2011.

Travers, M.J.; Vogl, L., “Grand Forks, North Dakota air quality monitoring study,” Roswell Park Cancer Institute, April 2011.

Hahn, E.J.; Lee, K.; Jones Cole, L.K.; Whitten, L.; Robertson, H.E.; Sidney, H., “Indoor air quality in Jessamine County, Kentucky public venues, 2009,” University of Kentucky, College of Nursing, Clean Indoor Air Partnership, March 4, 2011.

Issa, J.S.; Abe, T.M.O.; Pereira, A.C.; Megid, M.C.; Shimabukuro, C.E.; Valentin, L.S.O.; da C Ferreira, M.M.; Nobre, M.R.C.; Lancarotte, I.; Barretto, A.C.P., “The effect of Sao Paulo’s smoke-free legislation on carbon monoxide concentration in hospitality venues and their workers,” Tobacco Control 20(2): 156-162, March 2011.

Agbenyikey, W.; Wellington, E.; Gyapong, J.; Travers, M.J.; Breysse, P.N.; McCarty, K.M.; Navas-Acien, A., “Secondhand tobacco smoke exposure in selected public places (PM2.5 and air nicotine) and non-smoking employees (hair nicotine) in Ghana,” Tobacco Control 20(2): 107-111, March 2011.

Vogl, L.; Travers, M.J., “Kansas City, Kansas air quality monitoring study,” Roswell Park Cancer Institute, January 2011.

King, B.A.; Dube, S.R.; Ko, J.Y., “Secondhand smoke concentrations in hospitality venues in the Pacific Basin: findings from American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention12(11): 2881-2885, 2011.

Avila-Tang, E.; Travers, M.J.; Navas-Acien, A., “Promoting smoke-free environments in Latin America: a comparison of methods to assess secondhand smoke exposure,” Salud Publica de Mexico52(Suppl. 2): s138-s148, 2010.

Schoj, V.; Sebrie, E.M.; Pizarro, M.E.; Hyland, A.; Travers, M.J., “Informing effective smokefree policies in Argentina: air quality monitoring study in 15 cities (2007-2009),” Salud Publica de Mexico52(Suppl. 2): S157-S167, 2010.

Bohac, D.L.; Hewett, M.J.; Kapphahn, K.I.; Grimsrud, D.T.; Apte, M.G.; Gundel, L.A., “Change in indoor particle levels after a smoking ban in Minnesota bars and restaurants,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 39(6S1): S3–S9, December 2010.

Marin, H.A.; Diaz-Toro, E., “The effect of the smoke-free workplace policy in the exposure to secondhand smoke in restaurants, pubs, and discos in San Juan, Puerto Rico,” Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal29(3): 279-285, September 2010.

Erazo, M.; Iglesias, V.; Droppelmann, A.; Acuna, M.; Peruga, A.; Breysse, P.N.; Navas-Acien, A., “Secondhand tobacco smoke in bars and restaurants in Santiago, Chile: evaluation of partial smoking ban legislation in public places,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], August 25, 2010.

Stafford, J.; Daube, M.; Franklin, P., “Second hand smoke in alfresco areas,” Health Promotion Journal of Australia 21(2): 99-105, August 2010.

Lee, J.; Lim, S.; Lee, K.; Guo, X.; Kamath, R.; Yamato, H.; Abas, A.L.; Nandasena, S.; Nafees, A.A.; Sathiakumar, N., “Secondhand smoke exposures in indoor public places in seven Asian countries,”International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health [Epub ahead of print], June 7, 2010.

Liu, S.; Zhu, Y., “A case study of exposure to ultrafine particles from secondhand tobacco smoke in an automobile,” Indoor Air [Epub ahead of print], May 11, 2010.

Lee, K.; Hahn, E.J.; Robertson, H.E.; Whitten, L.; Jones, L.K.; Zahn, B., “Air quality in and around airport enclosed smoking rooms,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], April 21, 2010.

York, N.L.; Lee, K., “A baseline evaluation of casino air quality after enactment of Nevada’s Clean Indoor Air Act,” Public Health Nursing27(2): 158-163, March-April, 2010.

Jensen, J.A.; Schillo, B.A.; Moilanen, M.M.; Lindgren, B.R.; Murphy, S.; Carmella, S.; Hecht, S.S.; Hatsukami, D.K., “Tobacco smoke exposure in nonsmoking hospitality workers before and after a state smoking ban,” Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention[Epub ahead of print], March 30, 2010.

Brennan, E.; Cameron, M.; Warne, C.; Durkin, S.; Borland, R.; Travers, M.J.; Hyland, A.; Wakefield, M.A., “Secondhand smoke drift: examining the influence of indoor smoking bans on indoor and outdoor air quality at pubs and bars,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research12(3): 271-277, March 2010.

Zhang, B.; Bondy, S.J.; Chiavetta, J.A.; Selby, P.; Ferrence, R., “The impact of Ontario smoke-free legislation on secondhand smoke in enclosed public places,” Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 7: 133-143, March 2010.

Jiang, R.O.; Cheng, K.I.; Acevedo-Bolton, V.; Klepeis, N.E.; Repace, J.L.; Ott, W.R.; Hildemann, L.M., “Measurement of fine particles and smoking activity in a statewide survey of 36 California Indian casinos,” Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology [Epub ahead of print], February 17, 2010.

Daly, B.J.; Schmid, K.; Riediker, M., “Contribution of fine particulate matter sources to indoor exposure in bars, restaurants, and cafes,” Indoor Air [Epub ahead of print], February 1, 2010.

Travers, M.J., “Fire Rock Casino air quality monitoring study,” Buffalo, NY: Roswell Park Cancer Institute, February 2010. Abstract Unavailable.

[n.a.], “Tobacco smoke pollution in Oklahoma workplaces: preliminary report,” Oklahoma City, OK: Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center, February 2010. Abstract Unavailable.

Selvavinayagam, T.S., “Air nicotine monitoring study at Chennai, Tamil Nadu to assess the level of exposure to second hand smoke in public places,” Indian Journal of Community Medicine 35(1): 186-188, 2010.

Sureda, X.; Fu, M.; Lopez, M.L.; Martínez-Sanchez, J.M.; Carabasa, E.; Salto, E.; Martinez, C.; Nebot, M.; Fernandez, E., “Second-hand smoke in hospitals in Catalonia (2009): a cross-sectional study measuring PM2.5 and vapor-phase nicotine,” Environmental Research[Epub ahead of print], 2010.

Hall, J.C.; Bernert, J.T.; Hall, D.B.; St Helen, G.; Kudon, L.H.; Naeher, L.P., “Assessment of exposure to secondhand smoke at outdoor bars and family restaurants in Athens, Georgia, using salivary cotinine,” Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 6(11): 698-704, November 2009.

Cameron, M.; Brennan, E.; Durkin, S.J.; Borland, R.; Travers, M.J.; Hyland, A.; Spittal, M.J.; Wakefield, M.A., “Secondhand smoke exposure (PM2.5) in outdoor dining areas and its correlates,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], October 21, 2009.

Travers, M.J., Indianapolis Air Quality Monitoring Study
Roswell Park Cancer Institute, October 2009.

Huss, A.; Kooijman, C.; Breuer, M.; Böhler, P.; Zünd, T.; Wenk, S.; Röösli, M., “Fine particulate matter measurements in Swiss restaurants, cafes and bars: what is the effect of spatial separation between smoking and non-smoking areas?,” Indoor Air [Epub ahead of print], September 11, 2009.

Kraev, T.A.; Adamkiewicz, G.; Hammond, S.K.; Spengler, J.D., “Indoor concentrations of nicotine in low-income, multi-unit housing: associations with smoking behaviors and housing characteristics,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], August 13, 2009.

Connolly, G.N.; Carpenter, C.M.; Travers, M.; Cummings, K. Michael; Hyland, A.; Mulcahy, M.; Clancy, L., “How smoke-free laws improve air quality: a global study of Irish pubs,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research 11(6): 600-605, June 2009.

Koong, H-N.; Khoo, D.; Higbee, C.; Travers, M.; Hyland, A.; Cummings, K.M.; Dresler, C., “Global air monitoring study: a multi-country comparison of levels of indoor air pollution in different workplaces,” Annals Academy of Medicine Singapore 38(3): 202-206, March 2009.

Ahrens, D.M., “Indoor air quality in eating and drinking establishments in the City of Milwaukee,” Milwaukee, WI: Smokefree Milwaukee Project; University of Wisconsin, Paul P. Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center, January 2009.

Hahn, E.J., Lee, K., Robertson, H.E., Vogel, S., Lee, S.; “Indoor air quality in Bowling Green, Kentucky hospitality venues, 2008,”University of Kentucky, College of Nursing, October 15, 2008. Abstract Unavailable.

Dales, R.; Liu, L.; Wheeler, A.J.; Gilbert, N.L., “Quality of indoor residential air and health,” CMAJ 179(2): 147-152, July 15, 2008.

[n.a.], “Changes in Air Pollution in Charleston County: pre/post smoking ordinance, executive summary,” [Medical University of South Carolina Hollings Cancer Center (HCC)], July 2008.

Gotz, N.K.; van Tongeren, M.; Wareing, H.; Wallace, L.M.; Semple, S.; MacCalman, L., “Changes in air quality and second-hand smoke exposure in hospitality sector businesses after introduction of the English Smoke-free legislation,” Journal of Public Health [Epub ahead of print], July 23, 2008.

Hahn, E.J.; Lee, K.; Vogel, S.; Robertson, H.E.; Lee, S., “Indoor air quality in bingo halls, Lexington, Kentucky, 2008,” University of Kentucky, College of Nursing, July 10, 2008.

Pobutsky, A.; Krupitsky, D.; Kanja, M.L.; Lipsher, J., “Hawai’i air quality monitoring assessment: some effects of Hawai’i’s smoke-free work and public places law,” Hawaii Medical Journal 67(6): 149-155, June 2008.

Gorini, G.; Moshammer, H.; Sbrogio, L.; Gasparrini, A.; Nebot, M.; Neuberger, M.; Tamang, E.; Lopez, M.J.; Galeone, D.; Serrahima, E., “Italy and Austria before and after study: second-hand smoke exposure in hospitality premises before and after 2 years from the introduction of the Italian smoking ban,” Indoor Air [Epub Ahead of Print], April 21, 2008.

Proescholdbell, S.K.; Foley, K.L.; Johnson, J.; Malek, S.H., “Indoor air quality in prisons before and after implementation of a smoking ban law,” Tobacco Control 17(2): 123-127, April 1, 2008.

Carter, C.L.; Carpenter, M.J.; Higbee, C.; Travers, M.; Hyland, A.; Bode, A.; Thacker, S.; Alberg, A., “Fine particulate air pollution in restaurants and bars according to smoking policy in Charleston, South Carolina,” Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association 104(4): 82-85, April 2008. Abstract Unavailable.

Hatsukami, D.; Jensen, J.; Hecht, S.; Murphy, S.; Lindgren, B., “Carcinogen and nicotine exposure in hospitality workers before and after the state comprehensive smoking ban,” University of Minnesota, Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center (TTURC), [March 27, 2008].

University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute; Paul P. Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, “Analysis of indoor air quality in restaurants and bars in Eau Claire County,” Tobacco Free Partnership of Eau Claire County, March 20, 2008.

Hyland, A.; Travers, M.J.; Dresler, C.; Higbee, C.; Cummings, K.M., “A 32-country comparison of tobacco smoke derived particle levels in indoor public places,” Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], February 26, 2008.

Hahn, E.J.; Lee, K.; Robertson, H.; Vogel, S.; Lee, S.; Peiper, N.C.; Powell, R.W.; Troutman, A., “Indoor air quality in Louisville: did passage of a comprehensive smoke-free ordinance clear the air?,” University of Kentucky, College of Nursing and College of Public Health, February 19, 2008.

Travers, M.J., “Iowa air monitoring study: December 2007 to January 2008,” Roswell Park Cancer Institute, February 2008. Abstract Unavailable.

Tobacco Program Evaluation Group (TPEG), University of Colorado Denver, “Smoking pollution in gaming venues before and after the Colorado Clean Indoor Air Act,” Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, State Tobacco Education & Prevention Partnership (STEPP), January 2008.

Vardavas, C.I.; Kondilis, B.; Travers, M.J.; Petsetaki, E.; Tountas, Y.; Kafatos, A.G., “Environmental tobacco smoke in hospitality venues in Greece,” BMC Public Health [Epub ahead of print], October 23, 2007.

Valente, P.; Forastiere, F.; Bacosi, A.; Cattani, G.; Di Carlo, S.; Ferri, M.; Figa-Talamanca, I.; Marconi, A.; Paoletti, L.; Perucci, C.; Zuccaro, P., “Exposure to fine and ultrafine particles from secondhand smoke in public places before and after the smoking ban, Italy 2005,” Tobacco Control 16(5): 312-317, October 2007.

Lee, K.; Hahn, E.J.; Riker, C.; Seithers, P., “Immediate impact of smoke-free laws on indoor air quality,” Southern Medical Journal100(9): 885-889, September 2007.

Travers, M.J., “Casino air monitoring study East Saint Louis, Illinois,” Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Department of Health Behavior, September 2007.

Semple, S.; MacCalman, L.; Atherton Naji, A.; Dempsey, S.; Hilton, S.; Miller, B.G.; Ayres, J.G., “Bar workers’ exposure to second-hand smoke: the effect of Scottish smoke-free legislation on occupational exposure,” Annals of Occupational Hygiene [Epub ahead of print], August 12, 2007.

Higbee, C.; Travers, M.J.; Hyland, A., “New Mexico air monitoring study: June-August 2007,” Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Department of Health Behavior, August 2007. Abstract Unavailable.

Travers, M.J.; Higbee, C.; Hyland, A., “Fort Wayne Air Monitoring Study May-June 2007,” Roswell Park Cancer Institute, July 2007. Abstract Unavailable.

Semple, S.; Creely, K.S.; Naji, A.; Miller, B.G.; Ayres, J.G., “Secondhand smoke levels in Scottish pubs: the effect of smoke-free legislation,” Tobacco Control 16(2): 127-132, April 2007.

Higbee, C.; Travers, M.; Hyland, A., “Arkansas Air Monitoring Study, April-May, 2,” Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Department of Health Behavior, May 2006.

Repace, J., “Air pollution in Virginia’s hospitality industry,” Bowie, MD: Repace Associates, January 9, 2006. Abstract Unavailable.

Repace, J., “Displacement ventilation fails to control secondhand smoke: a 3 pub air quality study,” Abstract Accepted for Presentation, 15th Annual International Society for Exposure
Analysis Conference October 30 – November 3, 2005 Tucson, Arizona, 2005.

Repace, J.L.; Homer, M.; Carmella, S.; Travers, M., “Laramie, Wyoming bar patron cotinine study: WYSAC Technical Report No. CHES-517,” University of Wyoming Wyoming Survey & Analysis Center, September 2005.

Travers, M.; Homer, M.; Hyland, A.; Sandefer, R., “Wyoming air monitoring study: WYSAC Technical Report No. CHES-513,” University of Wyoming, Wyoming Survey & Analysis Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute, August 2005.

Hahn, E.J.; Rayens, M.K.; York, N.; Dignan, M.; Al-Delaimy, W.K., “Secondhand smoke exposure in restaurant and bar workers before and after Lexington’s smoke-free ordinance,” University of Kentucky, College of Nursing, July 5, 2005.

Travers, M.; Hyland, A., “Indiana Air Monitoring Study, December 2004 – January 2005,” Roswell Park Cancer Institute, April 2005.

Cains, T.; Cannata, S.; Poulos, R.; Ferson, M.J.; Stewart, B.W., “Designated ‘no smoking’areas provide from partial to no protection from environmental tobacco smoke,” Tobacco Control 13(1): 17-22, March 2004.

Repace, J.L., “Estimated mortality from secondhand smoke among club, pub, bar, and tavern workers in New South Wales, Australia,” Repace Associates, Inc., April 7, 2004

RTI International, “First Annual Independent Evaluation of New York’s Tobacco Control Program,” New York State Department of Health, November 2004.

Repace, J., “Respirable Particles and Carcinogens in the Air of Delaware Hospitality Venues Before and After a Smoking Ban,” Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine. 46(9):887-905, September 2004.

Hyland, A., Travers, M., Repace, J., “Hartford Air Monitoring Study, March-April 2004,” Roswell Park Cancer Institute, May 2004.

Anderson, L.G., “Measurements of Environmental Tobacco Smoke in Restaurants and Bars in Denver Phase II: Prepared for Denver Health and Hospital Authority Contract Number E0900,” Littleton, CO: Anderson & Associates, June 17, 2004.

The State of Smoke-Free New York City: A One-Year Review,” New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, March 2004.

Repace, J., “An Air Quality Survey of Respirable Particles and Particulate Carcinogens in Boston Pubs Before and After a Smoking Ban,” Repace Associates, [n.d.].